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How to Recognize Bias..

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Nimra Aftab

on 14 December 2012

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Transcript of How to Recognize Bias..

A Handy Guide to.... Recognizing Bias In Media What exactly is bias? Bias: A guide to becoming savvy readers! Noun: Prejudice in favour of / against one thing, person or group compared with another, usually in a way considered to be unfair. Or in simpler words.... Bias is something that can be found everywhere, and it usually occurs in media.
In this case, it's when the media presents to you a certain side against the other- unfairly. But why should YOU care about bias? Why would it matter, if you were to get your decisions affected by the media? It matters because YOU have the right to be aware of the decisions that YOU are making, and the things that YOU are choosing to believe. And in order to understand bias in the media..... YOU have to become a savvy reader. In this manual, we're going to be looking in bias in media in general, but more specifically, in newspapers. Exactly what is a savvy reader? A savvy reader is a reader that uses his/her common sense to avoid being influenced by bias in the media they read. Wait.... So now you know a bit about why being a savvy reader is important..... But that still leaves a BIG question remaining..... Which is...? HOW to become a
savvy reader! In this manual,we're going to help you identify bias in the media, but more specifically, in newspapers..
Let's go find out how! Right... In order to recognize the bias, you have to know the types of bias you might find..... There are nine different types of bias we'll show you today: Bias by.... Commission Omission Story Selection Placement Selection of Sources Spin Labeling Policy endorsement/condemnation And lastly..... Picture Selection Bias by commission would occur if a journalist were to pass along assumptions or errors that would happen to support a certain view..... I can spot bias! Bias by Selection of sources Selection of sources is when a reporter or journalist includes sources that support one view over another ... For example ... Reporter Supports and helps support one view over another by suggestions like "most people, experts believe, they suggest and more'' Bias by spin Spin is when the media describes the event in only one way. This helps tone the mood into the news by clearly selecting only one way of describing the event. For Example... A journalist reports that most people think that this was a tragic event. This is bias by spin because the reporter doesn't include other opinions on the situation. The word tragic helps tone the mood to a negative perspective.
Suppose there's an election for Canada's next prime minister, and a newspaper decides to support a candidate throughout the election.You would most probably find that the articles written on the election would be supporting the candidate the newspaper has chosen. Well..... Have you ever read...? An article where only one side was being portrayed? Or what about a series of articles overtime, that didn't quite seem to ever include another view, or another side at all?... That would be bias by Omission. So..... Sticking to the previous example, let's pretend the debate is still continuing, and the same newspaper is still choosing to support a certain candidate.... If a journalist from that newspaper decides to share only his or her point of view on supporting that candidate throughout a series of articles (or even just one article), that becomes a perfect example of BIAS BY OMISSION. So, suppose you read two different reports on two opposing studies.The first report you see agrees with one of the studies, however, it does not have any mentions whatsoever, of the opposing study. Bias by Labeling In the media, labeling is a source for bias. Labeling is when the media concentrates on the identification. It also includes mal identification. Has both positive and negative ways to contribute identification. An example includes when a reporter talks about one side of the argument more than the other. This allows the people watching to identify one side of the argument more than the other. Bias by Policy Endorsement/condemnation Policy Endorsement is when the media tries to influence your mind into making a certain choice. This also includes not being a reliable source for information about campaigns. Policy Endorsement also leans towards one argument and suggests this is the only informational resource available. An example includes: The news reporter reports that Dalton McGuinty will take over the campaign because of his accomplishments. This is bias by Policy Endorsement/ condemnation because it leans towards one argument and adds a suggestion. Well, that's interesting and all, but..... But what? But... You're right... Uh huh. Well, I'd be more than happy to explain! Yay! Let's start off with bias by commission.... Sure! Well... Have you ever read an article that seemed to show only one perspective? Or what about an article that gave "facts" just from one side but not the other? If you have, then you now know that what you read was bias by COMMISSION. What on earth do all those types of biases mean? It is rather hard to understand so many types of biases... Which means...? Well, in simpler words,
take a look at this... They would do so by only including the motives of the chosen candidate but completely ignoring the other nominees. So what about bias by Omission? And now for bias by
Story Selection... Oh! Oh! I know this one! In that case, take it away! Got it! Bias by story selection occurs by highlighting certain news stories but ignoring other articles that coincide with their message... You know, the other day I was reading a newspaper..... And I'm pretty sure I found another type of bias there..... Really? Which one...? Bias by Placement..... Bias by placement can be easily found in newspapers. You see it nearly every time you read the newspaper, because the bias measures how important the editor considers the stories to be. It also ends up influencing you to read the stories that the editor thinks are the most important first. Believe it or not, this method is more effective than you might think... Studies show that most people tend to only read the front cover headlines. In situations like this, you need to think critically and find out for yourself what YOU believe is important while refusing to let editors make such decisions for you... And now.... My partner, Ana, is going to explain to you about bias selection of Sources, Spin, Labeling and Policy Endorsement/ condemnation . Well, that's it for today everyone! But before we finish, we have a small checklist for you to remember the next time you're reading the newspaper..... Remember.... #1. Always identify the 5 w's. (who, what, when where) #2. Could you possibly use the same information to create a different story? #3. Are there opinions from people you feel are important, but missing? #4. Is the article made up from facts, or simply beliefs of the author? #5. Could the images shown in the article possibly be manipulated to show an entirely different situation? And now..... THE END! Credits: Paragraphs on:
Bias by..... - Commission
-Story Selection
-Picture Selection contributed by: Nimra Prezi created entirely by: Nimra -Pictures
-layouts, etc.
created by: Nimra Picture Selection You've seen pictures with articles before... They seem like no big deal... right? But believe it or not, a great deal of thought is involved when it comes to choosing something as simple as pictures for articles. Not only does the journalist decide whether the picture influences the reader in the intended way, but also, if the picture can be manipulated to show bias. Paragraphs on:
Bias by: - Selection of Sources
-Policy Endorsement/Condemnation were contributed by: Ana
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