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Hinduism and Buddhism
Transcript of Hinduism and Buddhism
Hinduism and Buddhism
The Four Noble Truths
The four noble truths are the four facts every Buddhist knows about suffering.
1. Life means suffering.
2. The origin of suffering is attachment.
3. It is possible to end suffering.
4. There is an eightfold path to escape suffering.
How was Hinduism started?
What are the Vedas/Vedic Texts?
The Vedas/Vedic Texts are Hinduism's religious texts. There are four different sections: Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda, and Atharva Veda. Originally, knowledge of Hinduism was passed down orally, but they eventually wrote it down.
How Hinduism is polytheistic
Hinduism is a polytheistic faith. A polytheistic religion is one that has and worships many gods. Hinduism has over 330 million gods and goddesses.
Non-polytheistic religions are Christianity, Judaism, and Islam. These three religions are monotheistic, meaning they each worship only one god.
Important Hindu gods
Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva
Brahma is the creator.
Vishnu is the preserver and protector.
Shiva is the destroyer.
Siddhartha Guatama was born a prince. His father protected him from everything. One day he went for a ride outside the palace and saw an old man, a sick man, and a dead man. He left the palace and sought for enlightenment. He meditated and became enlightened. Siddhartha became known as "Buddha." Buddha means "The Enlightened One."
Karma- the actions that determine your future
Reincarnation- when you die and your soul is reborn
Nirvana- the goal for all Buddhists. It is a state of happiness and peace.
The Eightfold Path
The eightfold path is the eight steps a person can take to end suffering.
1. Right view
2. Right intention
3. Right speech
4. Right action
5. Right livelihood
6. Right effort
7. Right mindfulness
8. Right concentration
By following all of these rules, one will end suffering and reach Nirvana.
The Five Precepts
There are 5 precepts that Buddhists have to follow. They are:
1. Do not murder.
2. Do not steal.
3. Do not be involved in sexual misconduct
4. Do not lie.
5. Do not use drugs or alcohol.
Similarities between Hinduism and Buddhism
1. Both believe in karma.
2. Both believe in magical creatures and deities(not necessarily gods).
3. Both were started in India.
4.Both believe in reincarnation.
The three most important Hindu gods are Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva. Together they make the triumvirate of Hindu gods.
Hinduism was started when the Aryans invaded the Indus River civilizations around 1500 BC. The Aryans and the natives combined their religions and made Hinduism.
Main beliefs in Hinduism
Karma- the payback you get for the things you do
Reincarnation- when you die and get reborn
Dharma- good karma that helps you get to moksha
Moksha- a state of happiness and peace when your soul is released from reincarnation
Diwali- the festival that marks the end of the harvest season
Navritri- a celebration of good over evil
Vijayadashami- the Hindu celebration that says good always overcomes evil
The Caste System
The caste system is how they separated societies in India. You could only marry within your caste and whatever caste you were born into you stayed in that caste until you died.
Vaisya- merchants and farmers
Sudra- workers and servants
Untouchables- These were not considered a caste because their jobs were considered polluting and they were not allowed with everybody else.
Main beliefs of Buddhism