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Science project. Cigarettes: Lung Diseases

By: Maria Pardo and Samentha Maraweera
by

Maria Pardo

on 19 November 2012

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Transcript of Science project. Cigarettes: Lung Diseases

Cigarettes: Lung Diseases Most people know that cigarettes and smoking result in lung diseases such as emphysema, bronchitis, lung cancer ect. The issue we selected to represent of cigarette use or smoking is the health risks it imposes on humans. More specifically, these health risks refer to lung diseases. Also, lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths in both men and women. While it accounts for over 30% cancer related deaths in men, it accounts for over 25% of those in women. Additionally, existing or ex-smokers make up for around 90% of all lung cancer patients.

Some data I collected to represent this is as of 2009, the American Lung Association has represented statistics that take a rather negative/gloomy approach to the health risks/dangers of human cigarette smoking use. An example of their statistics is at least 8.6 million people in America have a severe or life threatening disease that could have aroused from the cigarette smoking. To help you get a better idea, this is the process in which cigarettes can lead to lung diseases; when you inhale a cigarette, your lungs absorb the chemicals within the cigarette and that combusts your lung’s bronchi. That over time, turns into less mucus and can lead to a higher chance of lung infections. With more time, the left over cigarette smoke wears away at the lungs and causes cell alterations that ultimately result in cancer. The ethical dimensions that underlie the issue of lung diseases that can arise from smoking cigarettes are human’s ethics and values must contain the moral belief that they should not harm themselves or their own body, which they are willingly doing each and every time they decide to go smoke a cigarette. . Most humans that are regular cigarette smokers know the facts. They already know that smoking can severely damage their lungs, and ultimately lead to death. . Most humans that are regular cigarette smokers know the facts. They already know that smoking can severely damage their lungs, and ultimately lead to death. Ethics are one’s moral principles or beliefs, and I’m sure that death is negative, speaking in ethical terms. So most people who decide to smoke are essentially killing themselves slowly, and harming their lungs, this is strongly against the ethical side of their mind, which says to love and respect their own body. I think the issue of lung diseases that arise from smoking cigarettes influences the economic aspect of society because if more people are smoking, this means more will be diagnosed with lung diseases which leads to the government contributing more money towards the patients being hospitalized. Overall, this issue would mean citizens paying higher taxes for health care because the number of people needing medical attention is increased. Science can and has helped the issue of cigarettes and smoking by creating alternative products to assist smokers to gradually get rid of their addiction. Some examples are niccotine patches, gum, inhalers etc. Also, there are prescriptions for anti-depressants available that will reduce certain symptons associated with smoking that help make quitting easier. Another way science can help reduce this issue is by minimizing the harmful chemicals put in the cigarettes.
Former Smoker perspective- “I have personally known many people who died from smoking. My own father died from smoking. I had several family members who died from lung cancer due to cigarette addiction. While I was working at the Cross Cancer Institute, I meet a patient with lung cancer; he was skin and bones from lung disease, and yet he was a chain smoker. He had an inhaler to help him breathe. He would take one puff on a cigarette and one puff from the inhaler. He died, of course but he kept smoking until the end. I started smoking myself when I was only about twenty years old because I thought it was sophisticated and cool, also all my friends used to smoke. Fortunately I quit after many years and many attempts, but it was the hardest thing I ever did. I can't think of anything good about smoking. It is getting terribly expensive. Laws are being passed making it harder and harder for people to smoke indoors or outdoors. I truly hate to see young people smoking cigarettes. No matter how much education and advertisement are out there about smoking, every day millions of people around the world initiate smoking without measuring the consequences of this horrible habit.” Anonymous - “My sister died of lung cancer. She was horribly addicted. She smoked filtered cigarettes that were supposed to be low in tar and nicotine. This only caused her to smoke more and more cigarettes to get the amount of nicotine she craved. I gave up smoking many years ago, but, like millions of people I suffer from COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) as an after-effect of smoking. It is incurable. It can be very unpleasant and can only get worse with age. It costs me a lot of money for inhalers. I can think of at least eight people I knew personally who died’ because of smoking cigarettes. Some people just cannot quit. One woman who lived in the apartment next to mine was dying of lung cancer but continued smoking to the very end. She wouldn't go into a hospice where she could get morphine injections because they wouldn't allow her to smoke there. American tobacco companies (as you can see on Google) are heavily advertising American brands of cigarettes in China, among other places. It is estimated that in 2025 there will be two million deaths from lung cancer a year in China. I would like to see more horror stories about smoking. They might have a persuasive effect on young people and save some lives.” Though science is able to solve some of these issues, it does have its limitations. For instance, science cannot stop people from smoking cigarettes. Smokers choose to do it, science cannot control this. Our perspective on is that even though cigarettes and smoking is bad for your health, not many people that smoke are going to stop even though they know the risks. We think that smokers should reconsider their habits because it is harming themselves and it is a chain that eventually harms everyone. Doctor and professor at University of Calgary- “Over 440,000 people in the USA and 100,000 in the UK die because of smoking each year. According the US CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), $92 billion are lost each year from lost productivity resulting from smoking-related deaths. Of the more than 2.4 million deaths in the USA annually, over 440,000 are caused by smoking. Smoking is the largest cause of preventable death in the world. The tumors of smokers who develop lung cancer have ten times more genetic damage than those of never-smokers who develop the disease, according to a study published by a Professor at University School of Medicine in Calgary. “
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