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Present Perfect Continuous

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by

Sandra Lencioni

on 29 April 2015

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Transcript of Present Perfect Continuous

Formação
Present Perfect Continuous
To have no presente (
have/ has
) +
been
+ verbo principal acrescido de
ing

Ross
has been
study
ing
for hours.
The people
have been
wait
ing
since four o'clock.
Uso
Para descrever uma ação iniciada no passado e que continua acontecendo no momento presente. A ênfase é sempre na duração da atividade e, por isso utilizamos for, since, lately, recently na maior parte das orações.
Ex. Márcia
has been
talk
ing

for
hours.
They
've been
play
ing
soccer
since
two o'clock.
Leia o texto a seguir e responda às questões 01 e 02.

A wave of anger is sweeping the cities of the world. The protests have many different origins. In Brazil people rose up against bus fares, in Turkey against a building project. Indonesians have rejected higher fuel prices. In the euro zone they march against austerity, and the Arab spring has become a permaprotest against pretty much everything. Yet just as in 1848, 1968 and 1989, when people also found a collective voice, the demonstrators have much in common. In one country after another, protesters have risen up with bewildering speed. They tend to be ordinary, middle-class people, not lobbies with lists of demands. Their mix of revelry and rage condemns the corruption, inefficiency and arrogance of the folk in charge. Nobody can know how 2013 will change the world – if at all. In 1989 the Soviet empire teetered and fell. But Marx’s belief that 1848 was the first wave of a proletarian revolution was confounded by decades of flourishing capitalism and 1968 did more to change sex than politics. Even now, though, the inchoate significance of 2013 is discernible. And for politicians who want to peddle the same old stuff, news is not good.
The Economist, June 29, 2013. Adaptado

01. Fuvest-SP Segundo o texto, os protestos de 2013, em diversos lugares do mundo:
a. vêm perdendo força por falhas de organização.
b. questionam a atuação dos lobbies nas reivindicações das diversas classes sociais.
c. condenam a corrupção e outros comportamentos inadequados da classe política.
d. resultam de motivações econômicas precisas.
e. têm poucos aspectos em comum.

02. Fuvest-SP Ao comparar os protestos de 2013 com movimentos políticos passados, afirma-se, no texto, que:
a. nem sempre esses movimentos expressam anseios coletivos.
b. as crenças de Marx se confirmaram, mesmo após 1848.
c. as revoltas de 1968 causaram grandes mudanças políticas.
d. não se sabe se os protestos de 2013 mudarão o mundo.
e. mudanças de costumes foram as principais consequências de movimentos passados.


I was dying

First I was dying to finish school and start college.
And then I was dying to finish college and start working.
And then I was dying to marry and have children.
And then I was dying for my children to grow old enough for school so that I could return to work.
And then I was dying to retire.
And now I am dying ... and suddenly I realize I forgot to live.

Anonymous

1. In almost the whole text, the verb to die means:

a) to stop living.
b) to avoid something.
c) to finish something quickly.
d) to give something up.
e) to want something very much.

2. In the end, the person who wrote the text above expresses ___________.

a) a feeling of accomplishment
b) the wish to be forgotten
c) a feeling of regret
d) the wish to die
e) a feeling of joy

Beethoven

Although reports circulated among Beethoven’s friends that he was constantly in love, he tended to choose unattainable women – noble, married or both. In a famous letter to an ‘Immortal Beloved’ (presumably never sent and now dated at 1812), he expressed his conflicting feelings for the woman who may have been the only person ever to reciprocate his declarations. The long-debated riddle of her identity was solved beyond reasonable doubt in 1977 by American musicologist Maynard Solomon, who identified her as Antonie Brentano, the wife of a Frankfurt merchant and a mother of four. Possibly, Beethoven’s sense of virtue and fear of marriage contributed to his running away from this relationship.

3. Considere as seguintes declarações.
I. Segundo relatos, Beethoven constantemente se apaixonava por mulheres casadas ou nobres, sem jamais ter sido correspondido.
II. Beethoven temia o casamento e freqüentemente se apaixonava por mulheres inacessíveis.
III. Em uma carta datada de 1812, e presumivelmente nunca enviada, Beethoven revela seus sentimentos conflitantes em relação à musicista Antonie Brentano.
IV. Uma das razões para Beethoven ter desistido do seu IV. relacionamento com Antonie Brentano foi o seu elevado senso de virtude.

a) I e II estão corretas.
b) I, II e IV estão corretas.
c) II e III estão corretas.
d) I, III e IV estão corretas.
e) II e IV estão corretas.
Sigmund Freud

‘He opened a window on the unconscious – where he said, lust, rage and repression battle for supremacy – and changed the way we view ourselves.’
There are no neutrals in the Freud wars. Admiration, even downright adulation, on one side; skepticism, even downright disdain, on the other. This is not hyperbole. A psychoanalyst who is currently trying to enshrine Freud in the pantheon of cultural heroes must contend with a relentless critic who devotes his days to exposing Freud as a charlatan.

Peter Gay, in Time
4. Responda em português às seguintes perguntas:

a. Como Freud modificou a perspectiva do indivíduo sobre si mesmo?

b. A que se refere a expressão ‘Freud wars’?

5. Encontre no texto palavras que correspondam a:

a) anger: ______________
b) scorn, contempt: ______________
c) complete, absolute, total: ______________
d) skepticism: ______________
e) at present: ______________

6. A palavra no texto que pode ser traduzida por “implacável”, “inflexível” é __________.
A world without restraint?

In the no-holds-barred world of the Internet, a person may encounter grotesque images of suicides, beheadings, murders and accidents. Should such explicit violence be banned from the Internet or is this just freedom of expression? Should these images be subject to the same guidelines and restrictions as pornography? Tell us what you think.

from rd.com

7. Responda em português:

O que o autor do texto mostrado propõe para discussão?
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