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# Chapter 6: Shape, Form and Space

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by

## Dan Janke

on 7 November 2017

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#### Transcript of Chapter 6: Shape, Form and Space

Shape, Form and Space
Shapes
A two dimensional area that is defined in some way
Geometric
Free Form Shapes
Precise shapes that can be described
using mathematical formulas
Irregular or uneven shapes
Forms
Objects having three dimensions
Height, Width and Depth
Space
Element of art that refers to the emptiness or area between, around, above, below or within objects
Positive
Negative
The shapes or forms are called the positive space or the figure
The empty spaces between the shapes or
forms are called negative space or ground
Freestanding
Relief
Sculpture that is surrounded by negative space.
The viewer must move through this negative space to
view the pieces from all sides.
Sculpture that is not intended to be freestanding, it projects from a flat surface into negative space. It can be bas relief (low) or high relief, depending on how far the objects stick out into the negative space.
Natural shapes and forms
Made by the forces of nature
(animals, people, plants, earth, etc.)
Manufactured shapes and forms
Made by the forces of humans
Chiaroscuro
Italian word for "arrangement of light and dark"
The Italians used dramatic lighting during the Renaissance and later during the Baroque period.
Todays words for chiaroscuro:
Highlights
Small areas of white used to show the very brightest spots on a surface
Illusion of depth
Created in artwork using any one or more of the illusion techniques.
Picture plane
The surface of a painting or drawing
Foreground
Middle Ground
Background
Perspective
A graphic system that creates the illusion of depth and volume on a two dimensional surface.
Two point perspective
Three point perspective
Overlapping
When one object covers part of the second object, the first seems to be closer
Size/ Scale
Large objects appear to be closer to the viewer than smaller ones
Placement
Objects placed lower on the picture plane appear to be closer to the viewer than objects placed above eye level
Detail
Objects with clear, sharp edges and visible details seem to be close to you
Color
Brightly colored objects seem closer to you, and objects with dull, light colors seem farther away
Linear perspective
One of the ways of using lines to show distance and depth.
As parallel lines move away from you, they seem to move closer together toward the horizon line. Sometimes lines appear to meet at a "vanishing point"
One point perspective
Overlapping
Size/ Scale
Placement
Detail
Color

The area lowest on the picture plane-
Closest to the viewer
The area between the fore and backgrounds
Usually where the subject is
The area highest on the picture plane
Farthest from the viewer
Perspective Color Detail Size/ Scale Placement Overlapping
Perspective
Full transcript