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Transcript of The Iroquois
They were long and rectangular, they made them by sewing pieces of bark together and they used this ¨bark blanket¨ to cover a frame of young trees. Inside there was a long hallway with rooms on both sides. In these rooms there were some sleeping platforms, beside the sleeping
platforms there were some large shelves for storage. There were 2 types of houses, the first was called the wigwam:
To make them they had to bend young trees to form a round shaped house. Then they were putting pieces of bark on top to protect it from the weather. After, grass was placed on top of it. They left a hole on the roof so when they would make a fire the smoke would not stay in the house. The Houses The houses The Language Iroquoian: Mohawk, Oneida, Cayuga, Seneca, Tuscarora
French Their food... close to the lake Ontario along rivers Where did they live? Where do they live now? Now, the Iroquois live in reserves in Canada (southern Quebec and southern Ontario) and in United-States (principally New York state). southern Quebec southern
Ontario Weapons and tools The clothing Men Womens and what is now called New York state The clothing During the hot weather (summer), they wore loincloths made of animalskin.
When it was cool (fall / spring), the women wore long leather skirts and the men wore leather leggins and tunics.
When it was very cold (winter), they wore long coats made of fur. On their feet, they wore moccasins made of leather, cornhusks or skin. To decorate themselves, they decorate their clothes with porcupine quills, shells, beads and feathers. They also made bracelets and necklaces made of shells or beads. Seneca Onondaga Cayuga Oneida Mohawk Their flag -Chisel made
from a beaver
incisor -Bone awl -Bone needle ...and many others The women always wore braids hanging out in their back.
The men wore their hair many ways. Their religion, believes and ceremonies... Religion they are Christians! Believes The Iroquois believe that the spirits change the seasons. Ceremonies The Iroquois Midwinter ceremony is a celebration of new beginnings. It is a nine-day celebration of the beginning of the spiritual year for the Iroquois Confederacy that consists of many spiritual rituals and costoms. Men Women VS They maintain and harvested the fields
They were stove, butcher, seamstress(they made the clothes)
They made the corn flour
They picked up the firewood, the water the nuts and the fruit
They made the rope, the nets, the mats, the baskets and the ceramic vases
They worked on the leather, maintain the fire and did the finishing of the snowshoes and the canoes.
They hunted and fished a bit They built the houses and the palisades
The old men harvested the tabacco
They made the tools , weapons, pipes, the canoes, the snowshoes and the slides
They were in charge of the hunt and the fishing
They were engaged in trade
They did the war Sports Lacrosse is a game that were playing Iroquois Meats Moose Deer And recipes The tree sisters salad Recipe The Tree Sister Salad Sports "Lacrosse" is a sport that has been invented by the Iroquois.They played "Lacrosse" to give thanks to the Creator or to settle disputes.The Iroquois call this game "Tewaarathon" or "Lacrosse". Shelled raw pumpin seeds, roasted
Butternut squash, peeled and cut in 3 inches wide, 1/4 inch thick slices Sunflower or Corn oil Corn on the cob, cooked and shucked Cooked kidney beans mint leaves salt, pepper
Heat a small amount of oil in a hot pan and sear the squash slices until a light golden colour on both sides and fork tender. Keep warm
In a bowl, mix warm cooked corn, beans, and pumpkin seeds together. Add oil to coat, chopped mint, salt and pepper.
Arrange 3 slices of squash on a dinner plate, in a cloverleaf shape. Mount the warm corn and bean mixture in the centre of the cloverleaf. Sprinkle with a few pumpkin seeds and chopped mint garnish.
Recipe from Carole Dulude, Mohawk nation I'll present you my family, they are Iroquois Marie Tewentsinne (my great-great-great-great-great-great-great-grandmother)
Anne Tsiosaien (my great-great-great-great-great-great-grandmother)
François-Xavier Teanetorens (my great-great-great-great-great-grandfather)
Louis-Atawakon Sotsihowane (my great-great-great-great-grandfather)
Bernard-Atiatenenti Satagarat (my great-great-great-grandfather)
Joseph-Toronhiote Bernard (my great-great-grandffather)
Mélina Bernard (my great-grandmother)
Michelle Sarrazin (my grandmother)
Johanne Dulude (my mother)
And me! The Iroquois believe that the GreatSpirit changes the seasons. Believes The animals The Iroquois wasted no part of the animals they hunted:
They used the skin and the fur to make clothes.
They used the bones to make weapons and tools.
They ate the meat.
They used the rest (theet, paws, etc) to decorate their clothes or do jewels. When the Europeans arrived, the Iroquois traded beaver pelts to have guns. The
end Presented by
Myriam & Marie-Claude Thank you! Marie Ttwentsinne (7 x great-grandmother)
Anne Tsiosaien (6 x great-grandmother)
François-Xavier Teanetorens (5 x great-grandfather)
Louis-Atawakon sotsihowane (4 x great-grandfather)
Bernard-Atiatenenti Satagarat (3 x great-grandfather)
Joseph-Toronhiote Bernard (2 x great-grandfather)
Mélina Bernard (great-grandmother)
Michelle Sarrazin (grandmother)
Johanne Dulude (mother)
Myriam Méthot (me) I'll present you my family, they are Iroquois