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Chemistry of Hair Highlights

Caroline Fabre & Jailene Vela 403 / Science Fair
by

Samantha Germino

on 4 December 2012

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Transcript of Chemistry of Hair Highlights

Chemistry of Hair Highlights Background Research: Problem: Does fake hair have the same chemical reactions as real hair when it's dyed? Continuation: Continuation When women dye their hair, it's a series of chemical reactions between molecules that are in the hair, magnets as well as peroxide (bleach to remove color) and ammonia (colorless gas; used as a cleaning fluid) if it's present. When hair is being bleached, the melanin color will start to disappear - the new color later replacing it. Everyone has hair, and probably everyone takes their time to do their hair. But what exactly is hair? Well, hair is made our of keratin, or in other words protein. In our hair, we contain nutrients, follicles, water and the list goes on and on. In our head we contain about 100,000 to even about 150,00 strands of hair. Imagine all the counting and math... The human hair contains two melanin's: eumelanin phaelumanin. (Eumelanin: Black, dark brown, light brown, etc. Pheolumanin: Blonde, dark red, dirty blonde reddish brown) When we humans decide to dye our hair - the dye travels through the cuticle (outer layer) the cortex (middle layer) and the medulla (last layer). The cortex is where all the eumelanin and pheolumanin is located. The dye renews the color, changing the eumelanin and pheolumanin completely. But sometimes our hair doesn't like the new color and starts to fall out or break out (split ends). Materials: Hypothesis Based from our background research dye travels to the cortex and has a chemical reaction with the eumelanin and pheomelanin. We believe the fake hair will not have the accurate comparisons as real hair because fake hair does not contain nutrients, water or follicles inside. There is a chance a strand of fake hair does have a cortex but the dye will slowly peel off after a day or so from the experiment. - Same hair dye brand (Revlon Colorsilk)
- Fume masks
- Plastic gloves
- Fake wigs
- Aluminum foil
- Clips; combs
- Measuring cups
- Old Clothes
- Old Towels or garbage around the fake wigs Variables/Control Independent Variable: Different hair dye color and different shades of hair Dependent Variable: Same chemical reaction Measurement: Days and cup measurements Controlled: Same brand dye (Revlon Color silk) Safety Precautions: - Dye is dangerously poisonous to breathe; use fume mask.
- Wear gloves at ALL times.
(Anyone can have skin infection)
- If dye goes in eyes; call 911!
(Dye can cause blindness)
- If dye touches skin, remove with non-scented lotion or nail polish remover.
- Ask permission first from guardian, hair dye is complicated to come off of objects (even if washable)! Procedure: 1. Separate hair into three equal sections and measure the hair dye equally so both hairs get the same amount of dye.
2. Do the original 'Dyeing your hair' steps on fake hair.
3. Let the new color stay on the wig for a maximum of three days
4. Write down the comparisons and differences from the three days
5. Repeat steps 1-4 for the next two different colors of dye Results Results Conclusion Sources "What Is Hair Made Of and How Does It Grow?" What Is Hair Made Of and How Does It Grow? Hair Finder, n.d.
<http://www.hairfinder.com/hairquestions/hairgrowth.htm>

Brain, Marshall. "How Hair Coloring Works." HowStuffWorks. HowStuffWorks INC., n.d.
<http://science.howstuffworks.com/innovation/everyday-innovations/hair-coloring1.htm>

"Sound from Silence - How Hair Cells Work." Sound from Silence - How Hair Cells Work. National Academies of Science, n.d.
<http://www.beyonddiscovery.org/content/view.page.asp?I=259>

"How Does Hair Coloring Work?" How Does Hair Coloring Work? The Gemini Geek, n.d.
<http://www.thegeminigeek.com/how-does-hair-coloring-work/>

Helmenstine, Anne Marie. "Hair Coloring Chemistry." About.com Chemistry. N.p.
<http://chemistry.about.com/cs/howthingswork/a/aa101203a.htm> Deep Red Observations - White liquid mixed with orange -- color appeared as a cooked corn color.
- Same reaction for nose and eyes (too strong)

Wig Reactions:
- Blonde Wig: Deep bloody red
- Black & Brown Wigs: Few stands appeared red
- Smelled like lemons and roses dipped in gasoline or alcohol. - Was a white and yellow combination liquids, when mixed, turned into a dark red blackish color
- Burned eyes even when goggles were on
- While hair was being dyed it looked like blood was being mixed and not dye
(Inference: Maybe it wasn't well mixed or thats how the color truly was)

Wig Reaction:
-Blonde wig (6 inches measured): Appeared as a pinkish red color
-Brown wig (12 inches measured): Few strands darker appeared
-Black wig( 12 inches measured again) Strands looked the same yet reddish color appeared Burgundy Black: Golden Brown - White liquid mixed with a brownish coffee liquid
- Same nose and eye reaction (stung; too strong)

Wig Reactions:
-Blonde wig: Perfectly brown
-Black wig: Specific handful of strands lighter
-Brown wig: Same as black reaction

-All still smelled like lemons and roses dipped in gasoline or alcohol
-All extra dye was in the bags under it so it wouldn't stain the floor--- it turned out a dark violent color.
*Deep mixed dye color is in a empty bottle* Day 1 of observations: Burgundy Black: split ends, and bending sides, smelled like burned hay
Deep Red: Rose scent, bending ends, felt thick and heavy
Golden Brown: Burned hay, felt thick and heavy Blonde Hair Black Hair Burgundy Black: Bend ends (no split ends) but has gotten smoother than before (smelled like roses and burned hay)
Golden Brown: Thick, burned hair, perfectly fine on edges
Deep Red: Thick, heavy, bended edges Brown Hair Burgundy Black: Same reactions as black hair
Golden Brown: Same reactions as black hair
Deep Red: Thick, roses scented, bended edges Observations Beginning - Combing hair = Extra hair falling out
- Separate hair into 3 sections (each hair color) = Hair wouldn't cooperate, became complicated and stuck between fingers
- Extra hair formed into hair balls
(Inference: NO cats were inside the house)
- All scrunchies MUST BE TIGHT
(Inference: Hair came easily lose) Middle - Dyed smelled way too strong
(Inference: Burned our noses and Jailene began to have a small nose bleed session) Day 2: Blonde Hair Burgundy Black: Rose scent, bended edges and split ends
Deep Red: Burned lemons scent, thickened, split ends
Golden Brown: Split ends, rose scented, bend edges Black Hair Burgundy Black: Thick, rose scented, split ends
Deep Red: Split ends, bended edges, burned lemons scented
Golden Brown: Rose scent, no split ends, no bended edges, smoother hair than before Brown Hair Burgundy Black: Splits, burned scent, heavy and thick
Deep Red: Many red highlights were newly shown, thick, perfect hair ends
Golden Brown: Rose scent, no split ends, no bended edges Day 3 Blonde Hair Burgundy Black: Split ends, rose scented, bended edges
Deep Red: Thick, heavy, split ends, rose scented, bended edges
Golden Brown: Bended edges, burned hay scent Black Hair: Burgundy Black: Bended edges, split ends, roses scented
Deep Red: Smoother, thick, roses scented, split/bended edges
Golden Brown: Split ends, rose scented, bend edges Brown Hair: Burgundy Black: Bended edges, smoother, thick, roses scented
Deep Red: Thick, heavy, roses scented, bended edges
Golden Brown: Same as Deep Red reactions At the end, our results came surprisingly similar. First, fake hair does have the ability to be dyed as if was real hair, and secondly, they can have the same chemical reactions as real hair when it has been dye. Based from our results, Deep Red from our controll brand dye, had the most similar chemical reactions to the different colored wigs. Thick, heavy, boldest color, split or bended ends, etc. From the first day to the third, the hair reactions have stayed the same.
Coming in second place was Burgendy Black, having each wig section a confusing scent, roses to burning hay, but a smoother freshing healthier look. For Golden Brown, it had chemical reactions - but barely until the third day. Maybe it was because we probalby have measured the wrong amout for each section or it wasn’t mixed well with the fake hair but the reactions didn’t really appear until the third day.
Split ends, bended edges, smoother stronger hair, different scents, and the list can go on forever can be compared to one another so easily different or similar. Fake hair and real hair aren’t so different when comes to dying your color. If your a blonde, a brunette, a red hair, any phaenimelanin or emualnin, a dye color can have their “chemical reactions.” So don’t be surprised with the results, even with fake hair. At the end, our results came surprisingly similar. First, fake hair does have the ability to be dyed as if was real hair, and secondly, they can have the same chemical reactions as real hair when it has been dye.
Based from our results, Deep Red from our control brand dye, had the most similar chemical reactions to the different colored wigs. Thick, heavy, boldest color, split or bended ends, etc. From the first day to the third, the hair reactions have stayed the same. Coming in second place was Burgendy Black, having each wig section a confusing scent, roses to burning hay, but a smoother refreshing healthier look. For Golden Brown, it had chemical reactions - but barely until the third day. Maybe it was because we probably have measured the wrong amount for each section or it wasn’t mixed well with the fake hair but the reactions didn’t really appear until the third day.
Split ends, bended edges, smoother stronger hair, different scents, and the list can go on forever can be compared to one another so easily different or similar. Fake hair and real hair aren’t so different when comes to dying your color. If your a blonde, a brunette, a red hair, any phaenimelanin or emualnin, a dye color can have their “chemical reactions.” So don’t be surprised with the results, even with fake hair. Extra:
On the show, My Strange
Addiction, a woman has a special sickness that she continuously pulls out her hair until she's bald. And! She eats her hair follicles (which is not digestible.) Charts
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