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Careers : Nursing
Transcript of Careers : Nursing
• Registered nurses ( RNs)
• Well-known and require more education than practical nurses
• Variety of other duties and take wider range of responsibilities
•Provide direct patient care (treatments, counseling, self-care, patient education, and administration of medication)
•Present health information to large groups of people
•Perform urgent procedures in an emergency department
•Manage and instruct other " practical " nurses in a large teaching hospital
•Do research at a university
•Work with patients divided into four general duties
1) Assess patients physical, mental, and emotional health status.
- Taking blood pressure, temperature, and other vital signs
- Performing basic physical exams.
-Collecting information on patients’ personal, family, and community background
2) Help design and carry out treatment plans for patients.
- Bandaging a wound
-Giving medications or injections
- Coordinating treatments with other health care professionals
-Referring a patient to another caregiver.
3) Monitor results of treatments to see if the medical problem has been taken care of and to make sure patient is satisfied.
4) Keep patients and their families informed about their medical options and educate health issues (nutrition, personal hygiene, and lifestyle choices)
- maintain records, ( patients’ charts, and supervise practical nurses and other health support staff)
Many options to specialize in certain areas :
- Surgery (assisting in the operating room)
- Pediatrics (working with children)
- Critical care (working in the intensive care unit)
- Psychiatric nursing (working with the mentally ill)
- Geriatrics (working with older people)
-Work with individuals, families, or communities.
- Hospitals, nursing homes, walk-in clinics, prisons, schools, and many other places
- Requires a lot of physical activity ( standing, bending, and lifting)
- Hazards similar to those of other health workers (contact with patients who have infectious diseases such as hepatitis and tuberculosis, and injury from instruments, chemicals, and gases)
- Work very irregular hours
- Hospitals/ Nursing homes : May work 12-hour shifts (including nights or weekends)
-Community centers : May have more regular schedules
-Full-time nurses: 35 - 45 hours a week, have between 15 -30 vacation days a year
- Casual or temporary basis : Do not have regularly scheduled work periods, called when an employer needs extra help, when a regular staff member is away, and may work for a week or a month at a time
- Full-time : $40,000 - $85,000 a year
- Extra for overtime work
- “on-call” : ready to go to work on a moment’s notice if needed.
- Additional training ( managers or administrators) : $90,000 a year
- Part-time/ Casual work : Paid by the hour
( the amount they make in a year depends on the number of hours they work)
- Full-time/part-time nurses: benefits such as dental coverage, paid vacations, and paid sick days
-Casual work : No benefits
- High school diploma
- Graduate with senior level science, math, and English courses.
- Entrance to collage/university requirements alter depending on university
- Complete a post-secondary nursing program
- Degrees are offered at both universities and colleges (bachelor’s degrees in nursing (BN)) / (Bachelor of Science in nursing degrees (BScN))
- 4 years in length
-After degree or diploma : Pass an exam administered by your provincial nursing association to become a registered nurse.
Mental Health Nurse
Public Health Nurse
Does Lisa appear to enjoy her job and explain?
Lisa seems to enjoy her job because :
- Growing up, she has always wanted to help people
- Nursing is a perfect job for her
-Likes helping patients get better. It makes her feel like she really accomplished something
- ”There’s nothing else like saving a life.”
Describe the challenges that Lisa experiences while fulfilling her duties
- A patient’s family will yell at you in a crisis situation
- Dealing with patients and their families in life-and-death situations
- Families who want answers to difficult questions and sometimes she can’t give them the answers or allow them to see their loved one due to safety reasons
-A patient may be in critical condition and you want to focus on their care, but you also have to communicate with their family
-Emotions run high and you have to try and remain level-headed.
-Be prepared for death ( some patients are not going to make it)
- Shift work and working holidays ( ruins sleeping pattern and disturbs family life)
Discuss a typical day of work for Lisa
7:30 am – 8:00 am
Arrive at work and review reports on my patients.
8:00 am – 8:30 am
Assess patients from head to toe (take blood, determine level of alertness, check heart and lungs and any specific problem areas related to their condition).
8:30 am – 9:30 am
Do rounds (visit each patient) along with the doctor, pharmacist, social worker, and physiotherapist; discuss every aspect of a patient’s care.
9:30 am – 10:00 am
Coffee break (if no emergencies arise).
10:00 am – 12:00 pm
Do whatever treatments are necessary (change dressings, send patients for tests, reassess patients).
1:00 pm – 2:00 pm
Lunch (if no emergencies arise).
2:00 pm – 3:00 pm
Code blue (patient is not breathing or their heart has stopped). Quickly hook patient up to monitor and assess heart and lung status; perform CPR; administer medication to try and save their life; continue CPR and heart and lung status checks; try to do everything we can. Unfortunately, the patient dies.
3:00 pm – 4:00 pm
Admit a new patient; do head-to-toe assessment.
4:00 pm – 5:00 pm
Review my day with doctor; talk about specific patient care.
5:00 pm – 6:00 pm
Assess patients (as described above).
6:00 pm – 7:00 pm
Dinner (if no emergencies arise).
7:00 pm – 7:30 pm
Treat patients (as described above).
7:30 pm – 7:45 pm
Provide patient reports to next shift of nurses before going home.