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Transcript of TRANSCENDENTALISM LITERATURE.
* Ended around the year of 1860s. Literary Groups There are two main literary group during the period of
transcendentalism. They are "The transcendental Club"
and " The Dark Romantics." Background : A 19th-century idealistic philosophical and social movement that taught that divinity pervades all nature and humanity * Free Thought (Individualism)
* Importance of Nature * The Transcendental Club- were people focused their belief in Nature and the relation of the "OverSoul" to the universe. Ex: Ralph Waldo Emerson ,Henry David Thoreau,and Sarah Margaret Fuller Ossoli ,etc. * The Dark Romantics- were people mainly focused
on the concept of Good and Evil in life.
Ex: Edgar Allen Poe , Herman Melville. The emergence of the Transcendentalists as an identifiable movement took place during the late 1820s and 1830s, but the roots of their religious philosophy extended much farther back into American religious history. Transcendentalism and evangelical Protestantism followed separate evolutionary branches from American Puritanism, taking as their common ancestor the Calvinism of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. In exploring their respective departures from Calvinism we can begin to map out the common ground the two movements shared. * And the concept of Good and Evil of Life. Situation: During this time period the country was divided because of the Civil War. Due to the casualties
caused by the Civil War the economy during that time was very poor. The "Panic of 1837" is one of the cause that led to people's hunger and hard life during this time. Some people also
experience the hardship of being a slave. This
period can be relate to the period of The Great Depression- where people are depress, sad, and feeling hopeless. Henry David Thoreau was an American author, poet, philosopher, abolitionist, naturalist, tax resister, development critic, surveyor, historian, and leading transcendentalist party. Born: July 12, 1817, Concord
Died: May 6, 1862, Concord Thoreau is famous for writing his experience
in Walden Pond. Ralph Waldo Emerson was an American essayist, lecturer, and poet, who led the Transcendentalist movement of the mid-19th century. Born: May 25, 1803, Boston
Died: April 27, 1882, Concord Famous for his writing called "The Nature" Edgar Allan Poe was an American author, poet, editor and literary critic, considered part of the American Romantic Movement Born: January 19, 1809, Boston
Died: October 7, 1849, Baltimore His famous writings are: The Raven ,
Tell Tale Heart, etc. Herman Melville was an American novelist, short story writer, essayist, and poet. Born: August 1, 1819, New York City
Died: September 28, 1891, New York City He is best known for his novel Moby-Dick. Born: May 23, 1810, Cambridge
Died: July 19, 1850, Fire Island Sarah Margaret Fuller Ossoli, commonly known as Margaret Fuller, was an American journalist, critic, and women's rights advocate associated with the American transcendentalism movement. Famous for her writing: Woman in the Nineteenth Century and Papers on Literature and Art. As well as,with the aid of Ralph Waldo Emerson and George Ripley, she founded the Dial, a periodical dedicated to publishing the writings of the Transcendentalists.