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Korematsu vs U.S.
Transcript of Korematsu vs U.S.
Facts about the case:
Fred Korematsu was a Japanese American who was ordered to leave his California home and report to a relocation camp, but he refused to leave.
He changed his name and got plastic surgery in order to hide. Once he was caught, he was arrested on a street corner in his home town. He was then sentenced to 5 years of probation.
More Facts about the case:
His lawyers appealed his suspended sentence to the Court of Appeals for the Ninth District. When he lost, he went to the U.S. Supreme Court.
Korematsu’s case was based on the 5th and 14th amendments. The 5th amendment because he should’ve had a trial to determine his loyalty and the 14th amendment because he shouldn’t have been treated differently from other people due to his race. He also argued that there was no real military necessity for evacuation and detention of Japanese Americans.
Question of Law:
During wartime, should extraordinary measures be taken even if those measures seem to violate protection of individual rights? Impact:
Yes they can; Supreme Court ruled that it was necessary to protect the West Coast from any disloyal actions by the Japanese Americans. Sources: