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Presidential vs. Parliamentary System of Government

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Allie Monck

on 2 November 2013

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Transcript of Presidential vs. Parliamentary System of Government

Presidential vs. Parliamentary Systems of Government

Presidential System
Pros and Cons of a Presidential System
Pros include...
direct elections-often in presidential systems the people directly elect the president, allowing for a higher feeling of legitimacy.This is not always a characteristic of all presidential systems.
separation of powers-allows president and legislature to monitor and check each other.
Parliamentary System
Pros and Cons of Parliamentary Systems
Pros include...
the executive branch is dependent on the legislative branch, which allows legislature to pass through much faster.
the legislature generally has more power than the prime minister, so people are more likely to vote for a political party than an individual person. This prevents one person from getting too much power.
Which we think is best...
Presidential System
separation of powers-no one branch of government is going to get too much power.
people get to elect their president so there are higher levels of legitimacy.
have a better ability to survive emergencies.
Presidential vs. Parliamentary System
Which is better?
A system of government in which the president is constitutionally independent of the legislature and is the head of the executive branch.
Cons include...
movement towards authoritarian systems- political scientists have speculated that presidential systems are not constitutionally stable and lean towards authoritarian systems to maintain power.
political gridlock- since the presidency and the legislature are parallel structures, they can have long times of no decision.
a system of government having the real executive power vested in a cabinet composed of members of the legislature who are individually and collectively responsible for the legislature.
Cons include...
the president is not usually chosen by the people, but rather by the legislature.
there is no body to veto/check legislation passed by parliament. This can result in the legislative branch gaining too much power.
source: http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/presidential%20government
source:http://politics.stackexchange.com/questions/71/differences-between-parliamentary-and-presidential-government
source: http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/parliamentary%20government
source: http://enfranchise.wordpress.com/advantages-disadvantages-of-a-parliamentary-system/
Current Examples
Great Britain
Canada
South Africa
Current Examples
The United States of America
Brazil
Chile
By:Allie Monck and Ella Helmuth
Full transcript