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The Mexican War
Transcript of The Mexican War
Mexican-American War Map
Causes of the War
Divisions in Mexico
Dates of the War
Battles Of The Mexican War
The immediate cause of the war was the annexation of Texas in December of 1845.
PRESIDENT POLKS WAR PLAN
The dates of the war were from 1846-1848 was the war period.
General Zachary Taylor leads U.S. troops on a march toward the Rio Grande River. U.S. troops will occupy the land below the Nueces River and claim the area east of the Rio Grande for the U.S.
Led by General Anastacio Torrejon, 2,000 Mexican troops cross north of the Rio Grande River and ambush U.S. troops at Fort Texas. The Mexican-American war officially begins.
PBS.Org: The Aftermath of war
Infoplease.com: Mexican War
Wikipedia.org: Mexican War
Liz Sonchora-The Mexican American War: page 9
Battle Of Buina Vista
Began on February 23, 1847 and ended on Febuary 25, 1847.
Zachary Taylor and John E. Wool were the generals of the U.S. Army.
One of the last major battles of the war.
America | Mexico
Casualties and losses
267 killed | 591 killed
387 wounded | 1,048 wounded
6 missing | 1,894 missing
Capture of Mexico City
The Aftermath Of
The nation's first foreign war fought almost entirely on foreign territory.
It upset the balance between free and slave states which helped lead to the civil war.
It greatly devasted Mexico's government as well as its economy, military, agriculture production and trade leading to another civil war.
As a result of previous battles, chaos reigned among the Mexican army and government inside the city.
The generals of the mexican army decided that the city was a lost cause and left to plan their next move avoid more costs in lives and property.
Mexico City was surrendered to the U.S. by Mexican politicians.
Battle of El Brazito
Alexander W. Doniphan was the general of the U.S. army.
While the U.S. army was resting they spoted a mexican seach party and prepared for battle.
The Mexican army arrived later that day.
The Americans waited till they were within 50 yards before they begun to fire with deadly accuracy.
The Mexicans retreated.
Battle of Contreras
A battle fought on the way to Mexico City.
Mexicans were cut off from renforcements by the American army.
General Winfield Scott took advantage of the situation and took out the Mexican's troops.
: "I have no private purpose to accomplish, no party objectives to build up, no enemies to punish—nothing to serve but my country."
in 1821 the Spanish withdrew after the war and Mexico had become an independent nation. Once the Spanish had left they had to create a new national government but different political factions disagreeded about how the country should be ruled .The fighting between political and military leaders made the government unstable. Between 1821 and 1848 Mexico was ruled by more than twenty differnet administraders.
“Although most Americans believed in Manifest Destiny, few could agree on exactly which lands the United States was supposed to govern.”
― Charles W. Carey Jr.
After rebuffing an American offer to purchase the California and New Mexico Territories, tensions between the US and Mexico rose further in 1846, over a border dispute. Since its independence, Texas claimed the Rio Grande as its southern border, while Mexico claimed the Nueces River farther to the north. As the situation worsened, both sides sent troops to the area.
Lincoln's Spot Resolutions
Dec. 1847 Lincoln introduced eight "spot Resolutions".
Exposed Polk as a liar.
In the 1844 Presidential Election Lincolns wig party proved that british were finacing Polk's "Preetr" aginst nationalist Clay.
Opposition to the War
James K. Polk sent John Slidell on a secret mission to Mexico City to negociate the disputed Texas border, settle U.S claim against Mexico, and purchase New Mexico and California for $30 million.
President Jose Herrera refused to receive him, due to his efforts to break apart the country
Ordered troops under greneral Zarchary Taylor to dispute and occupy the territory.
Polk requested war to congress and troops were killed and attacked.
The Wilmot Provise was designed to end slavery within the land aquired as a result of the Mexiacn American War (1846-480)
Congressman David Wilmot feared adding pro-slave territory to the U.S therefore, he proposed an amendment to the bill
James K. Polk pushed to acquire the Oregon country and for a larger share of Texas and Mexico.
Conress and Democrats were in favor.
Abolishionists and Wigs of the North and South were appose.
President polk planned for american forces to drive mexico out of the disputed border reigon in texas
Then, the forces would move into New Mexico and California.
Finally Mexico city the capital of mexico would be taken.
In June 1846, a many of American immigrants in Alta California rebelled against the Mexican department’s government. The immigrants had not been able to buy or own land and had been threatened with expulsion from California because they had entered without official permission. Mexican officials were concerned about a coming war with the United States coupled with the growing large of Americans into California. The rebellion was soon overtaken by the beginning of the Mexican-American War
Zachary Taylor (November 24, 1784 – July 9, 1850) was the 12th President of the United States, serving from March 1849 until his death in July 1850. Before his presidency, Taylor was a career officer in the United States Army, rising to the level of major general. His status as a national hero as a result of his victories in the Mexican-American War won him election to the White House despite his vague political beliefs. His top priority as president was preserving the Union, but he died sixteen months into his term, before making any progress on the status of slavery, which had been inflaming tensions in Congress. Taylor was born to a family of planters who moved westward from Virginia to Kentucky in his youth. He was commissioned as an officer in the U.S. Army in 1808 and made a name for himself as a captain in the War of 1812. He climbed the ranks establishing military forts along the Mississippi River and entered the Black Hawk War as a colonel in 1832. His success in the Second Seminole War attracted national attention and earned him the nickname "Old Rough and Ready".