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Imperialism of the Philippines
Transcript of Imperialism of the Philippines
Before Imperialism (Before 1898)
During Imperialism (1898-1946)
Filipinos held traditional courtships called haranas. The harana showed deep respect for women.
Economy and Government
The Philippines made a living by working in factories, industry, education, natural history, agriculture, rural economy, and domestic and foreign commerce.
The Philippines didn't have a legislature because their laws were made for them by Spaniards from Spain. The governor-general had enough power that he was also the vice royal patron in the Philippines and the commander-in-chief of the armed forces.
The Philippine Islands became a Spanish colony after it was claimed by Ferdinand Magellan in 1521. Spain started to colonize the Philippines in 1565 when they formed the first European settlement in Cebu. In 1762 the British took over Manila, but they gave it back to Spain in 1764. On May 1, 1898, Commodore George Dewey defeated the Spanish fleet near Manila in the Philippines during the Spanish-American War. This victory eventually led to the United States gaining control of the Philippines. In December 1898, the U.S. and Spain signed a treaty. Spain sold Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines to the U.S.
Who Was In Charge?
The United States allowed General Vicente Alvarez of the Republic of Zamboanga to rule from May 18, 1899 until November 16, 1899. In December of 1899, Isidro Midel became the president of the Republic of Zamboanga. In March of 1901, the Americans let the Philippines hold elections. Mariano Arquiza was elected the new president of the Zamboanga Republic. Arquiza was not a good leader, so in March 1903 the Republic of Zamboanga was dissolved. Brigadier General Leonard Wood, as its governor, took control of the Moro Province. Despite the initial protest from the Negros Oriental deputies, the republic came under U.S. protection on 30 April 30, 1899 as a separate state from the rest of the Philippine Islands and on the next day, the constitution was passed. On 22 July 1899, it was renamed the Republic of Negros, but on 30 April 1901, it was dissolved by the United States. The Republic of Negros and the Tagalog Republic were allowed to exist for only a few years before they were taken over completely by the American colonial government.
What Did the United States Want?
Americans weren’t looking for resources when they took over the Philippines. Some Americans did want to use them as a coaling station for U.S. ships and some people thought they could help the United States expand into China. Other people wanted to educate and spread Christianity to the islands. Finally, a lot of Americans thought it was the job of the United States to govern and defend the Philippines against European countries. America had a positive impact in the Pillippine Islands when it came to education. At the age of seven, children were to attend school in their town or province.
The Good and Bad of Being Imperialized
How Long Were the Philippines Imperialized
The Philippines were a colony of United States from December 10th, 1898 to July 4th, 1946. The United States planned on eventually giving the Philippines their independence and they took steps to prepare the islands for this after they won the Philippine-American War.
How Did the Philippines Gain Their Independence?
The Philippines thought they were going to be an independent nation when they won their freedom from the Spanish in February of 1898. After the United States took control of the islands, the Philippine-American War started on February 4, 1899. During this conflict the Filipinos fought for their freedom from the U.S. Although the Philippines lost this war, the U.S. began preparing the islands for independence by creating a civil government for them. President Woodrow Wilson promised them their independence and started giving them power by allowing them to elect people to the Philippine Senate. In 1935, The Philippine Commonwealth was instituted under the Tydings-McDuffie Act. The Philippines could now self-govern, with the approval of the U.S. president. After the threat of World War II passed, the Second Republic of the Philippines elected Manuel Roxas as president in April of 1946. In July of 1946, the Philippines was granted its independence by the U.S.
Type of Government After Gaining Independence and It's Pros and Cons
The Philippines adopted a democratic republic after gaining their independence.
Languages and Tribes of the Philippines
Philippines Before Imperialism
Before America took over the Philippines there were 43 different ethnic groups and 87 different languages. Some of the tribes were Cebuano, Hiligaynon Ilonggo, Bisaya/Binisaya, Tagalog, Bikol, and Waray. A few of the languages that they spoke were Tagalog, Ilocano, Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and Pangasian. There were 7.5 million people in the Philippines.
Who Took Over the Philippines and How?
The United States brought education into the Philippines.
Languages and Tribes of the Philippines
There are more than 87 languages and dialects spoken in the Philippines. Two official languages in the Philippines, Filipino and English. The Filipino languages came from nine major languages, Tagalog, Ilocano, Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, and Pangasian. There are many ethnic groups. Some of these ethnic groups are Cebuano, Hiligaynon Ilonggo, Bisaya/Binisaya, Tagalog, Bikol, and Waray. There is more than 98 million people in the Philippines.
The presence of family is a highly placed value in the Philippines. Filipinos trust and respect their elders. They are welcoming. Filipinos are very superstitious. If you carry books on your head you will get smart. If you drink coffee, it will affect your growth. More than 80% of the population is Roman Catholic. 92.6% of the population is literate.
Economy and Government
Filipinos support themselves by farming, fishing, livestock, and forestry. They grow rice, bananas, pineapples, coffee, tobacco, etc. The Philippines GDP is $431.3 billion. The Philippines government is a republic. There are three branches in their government: the President is the executive, there is a two house Congress, and a judicial branch.
Philippines During Imperialization
After independence, from 1948-1953, there was a lot of post war reconstruction, economic gains, and more economic aid from the U.S.
Roxas, the first president of the Philippines had to let the U.S have 23 military bases in the Philippines. Trade restrictions were put in place for the Filipinos, and U.S. property owners and investors were given special privileges. Peasants in the Philippines were unhappy because of the harsh way Roxas went about stopping the Hukabalahap movement taking place in the country side. The Hukabalahap movement started because the provincial military was very abusive. For many years, the government of the Philippines was full of corruption and graft.
Historical Events and International Relations
The control of the U.S. over the Philippines from 1898 to 1946 led to the structure of post-imperialized Philippines. The U.S. helped the Philippines structure their government and school system. The U.S. also shaped the Philippines with economic aid, trade restrictions, and its military bases on the islands. While under American rules, agriculture, commerce, and trade grew quickly. Americans also brought modern transportation and communication to the islands and improved the banking system.
The Philippines have been influenced by their international relations with Southeast Asia, the United States, and the Middle East. The Philippines are an active member of the United Nations and had a seat on the U.N. security council from 2004-2005. The Philippines want to reduce or eliminate weapons of mass destruction.
My Thoughts On Western Imperialism
How Do I Feel?
I think Imperialism is wrong because you are taking away another nations beliefs, traditions, religion, etc. Imperialism is beneficial to the country that is imperializing the other country because it gives them more power.
If I were a British Prime minister in the 1800s, I would support colonialism because it benefits my country.
If I was a student in an African colony, I would not support foreign rule because that would be taking over their identity and it would be for the gain of that country, not the one being imperialized.
The Philippines were under military control of the United States until 1935 when they were allowed to develop a commonwealth. Even after they were able to develop a commonwealth, the United States still had a lot of control over the economy and government.