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Drugs

Includes the four categories of drugs, the types of drugs in each category, and the short term and long term effects of each drug.
by

Claire Stamper

on 9 September 2012

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Transcript of Drugs

Drugs Substances that raises levels of physiological or nervous activity in the body. Stimulants: Examples of Stimulants: Amphetamines: Short-Term Effects: Irregular heartbeat
paranoia
aggressive behavior
decreased appetite
increased tolerance
rapid heartbeat
high blood pressure Long-Term
Effects: Weight loss
Addictive
Heart Failure
Malnutrition
Death Cocaine: Short-Term
Effects: Long-Term
Effects: Emotional letdown
Depression
Fatigue
Paranoia
Nausea
Abdominal pain
Headache Addictive
Physiological dependence
Cardiac problems
Stroke
Heart attack
Malnutrition
HIV
Hepatitis B
Seizure
Death Crack: Short-Term
Effects: Heart rate and blood pressure sky rocket Long-Term
Effects: Increases chances of death due to liver failure
Cardiac or respiratory failure
Death Methamphetamine: Short-Term
Effects: Long-Term
Effects: Increased tolerance
Depression
Paranoia
Delusions Memory loss
Heart & nerve damage
Addiction
Death Sedative drugs that tend to slow the central nervous system. Depressants: Examples of Depressants: Barbiturates: Short-Term
Effects: Mood changes
Excessive sleepiness
Intoxicated feeling
Fatigue
Confusion
Impaired muscle coordination
Reduced heart rate and blood pressure Long-Term
Effects: Reduced respiratory function
Coma
Death GHB: Short-Term
Effects: Drowsiness
Nausea
Vomiting
Loss of Consciousness Long-Term
Effects: Impaired breathing
Coma
Death Rohypnol:
("Roofies") Short-Term
Effects: Decreased blood pressure
Drowsiness Long-Term
Effects: Memory loss
Gastrointestinal disturbances
Exposure to HIV or STD s Tranquilizers: Short-Term
Effects: Depression
Fever
Irritability
Loss of judgement
Dizziness
Sleepiness Long-Term
Effects: Physiological & Psychological dependence
Coma
Death Drugs that alter moods, thoughts, and sense perceptions, including vision, hearing, smell, and touch. Hallucinogens: Narcotics, or drugs such as those derived from the opium plant that are obtainable only by prescription and are used to relieve pain. Opiates: Examples of Opiates: Codeine: Short-Term
Effects: Dizziness
Labored breathing
Low blood pressure
Mood changes Long-Term
Effects: Reduced respiratory function
Respiratory arrest
Seizures
Exposure to HIV
Addiction
Death Heroin: Short-Term
Effects: Long-Term
Effects: Slows breathing & pulse rate
Confusion
Sedation
Unconsciousness Addiction
Coma
Infection of the heart lining & valves
Exposure to HIV & Hepatitis B
Fetal death (in pregnant users)
Death Morphine: Short-Term
Effects: Rapid onset of tolerance
Fast or slow heartbeat
Hallucinations
Blurred vision
Rashes
Difficulty swallowing Long-Term
Effects Seizures
Addiction
Death Opium: Short-Term
Effects: Nausea
Constipation Long-Term
Effects: Addiction
Death Oxycodone:
(OxyContin) Short-Term
Effects: Drowsiness
Nausea
Constipation Long-Term
Effects: Reduced respiratory function
Respiratory arrest
Respiratory suppression
Respiratory failure
Death Examples of Hallucinogens: DXM:
(robitussin) Short-Term
Effects: Nausea
Dizziness
Lack of coordination
Rashes
Hallucinations
Disorientation
Paranoia
Panic attacks
Increased heart rate & blood pressure Long-Term
Effects: Addiction
Seizures
Death Ecstasy:
(MDMA)
Short-Term
Effects:
Confusion
Depression
Paranoia
Alters sense perceptions
Long-Term
Effects: Muscle breakdown
Death Ketamine: Short-Term
Effects: Numbness
Impaired motor function
Long-Term
Effects: Kidney & cardiovascular system failure
Memory loss
Respiratory failure
Death LSD: Short-Term
Effects:
Delusions
Illusions
Hallucinations
Flashbacks
Numbness
Tremors
Panic
Extreme euphoria
Terror
Deep depression
Severely distorted perceptions Long-Term
Effects: Serious injury
Death
Mescaline:
(peyote) Short-Term
Effects: Delusions
Illusions
Hallucinations
Flashbacks
Numbness
Tremors
Nausea Long-Term
Effects: Poisoning
Death PCP: Short-Term
Effects: Loss of appetite
Depression
Panic
Aggression
Violent actioins
Distorted sense of time
Increased muscle strength
Increased feelings of violence
Inability to feel pain
Flashbacks
Pain
Confusion
Lack of control Long-Term
Effects: Death Psilocybin:
(mushrooms) Short-Term
Effects: Delusions
Illusions
Hallucinations
Paranoia
Extreme Anxiety
Nausea
Flashbacks
Long-Term
Effects: Poisoning
Death Citation: Glencoe Health
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