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EDUC 518 Behavioral Psychology

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by

Valerie Donald

on 6 September 2012

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Transcript of EDUC 518 Behavioral Psychology

Using Knowledge
Construction KNOWLEDGE CONSTRUCTION THEORY
An active mode of learning
in which new information is connected to prior knowledge to create new understandings
(Omrod, 2011, p. 218) Scaffolding Theory
Construction
Expanding knowledge
based on what is
already known
-Ormrod, 2011, p. 232 For experiments, encourage students to make predictions
(Ormrod, 2011, p. 232) "Investigating
Crickets" Use analogies
to help students compare new concepts to what they already know
(Ormrod, 2011,
p. 232) Use physical & symbolic models.to help students
conceptualize
(Ormrod, 2011, p. 232) Students
should reflect
on what they have learned
(Ormrod, 2011,
p. 232) Worldviews are a “set of beliefs and assumptions about reality” (Ormrod, 2011, p.227)
that influence how students may view different concepts and phenomenon Individual constructivism is how new experience can create different meanings to individuals based on their "unique prior experience and knowledge"
(Ormrod, 2011, p. 219) Social constructivism is knowledge based on collective efforts to gather information and make sense of it (Ormrod, 2011, p. 221) Are You Ready? (Daly, 2011) Strengths of Constructivist Theory Learning is experiential and therefore more
authentic and personal (Ormrod, 2011, p. 228)
Based on thinking and understanding instead of memorization
•Encourages students to ask questions which stimulates their own curiosity Weaknesses of Constructivist Theory Reconstruction Error
o Facts retrieved from memory to fill in gaps can be
erroneous (Omrod, 2011, p. 220).
Misconception
o "an erroneous conclusion" which can occur when
students "construct their own understandings”
(Omrod, 2011, p. 236). Please click the link to hear theory application through VoiceThread Don't forget to return to complete the Prezi :-) https://voicethread.com/share/2710537/ Conclusion
Constructivism is a very effective learning theory. Through its active learning process students become engaged in the materials they are studying and increase their knowledge further through the sharing of ideas by working together. The video on Ms. McClelland’s Science unit was an excellent example of incorporating several aspects of knowledge construction theory. Her students were interested, engaged, and actively seeking answers to their questions which greatly enhances their learning experience by helping them to more thoroughly learn the materials they were studying. Ms. McClelland was accessible to the students to help them when needed and to prompt using scaffolding techniques to further encourage self-directed solutions and problem-solving. I can see this as a theory that I would embrace in the classroom to help my students develop an enthusiasm for history and maintain their attention on course materials. References Daly, M. (2011, March 6). 2020 Teacher Model - YouTube . YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. . Retrieved February 7, 2012, from http://www.youtube .com/watch?v=7TWvVWaZQws Investigating Crickets [Web]. Annenberg Media. Retrieved from https://www.2sc.usc.edu/course/view.php?id=3096&modtype=assignment&modid=228727 Ormrod, Jeanne E. (2011). Educational psychology: Developing learners. Boston, MA:
Allyn and Bacon https://voicethread.com/share/2710812/ Please click the link below to hear my ideas on lesson redesign, then please return to complete the Prezi.
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