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Transcript of Sugar presentation
- Types of sugar
- Risks with having too much sugar
- Appropriate sugar intake
- Healthy drinks Types of Sugar There are two types of sugars found in food or drinks:
1) Added sugars - this is the sugar that is added when food
is getting processed
2) Naturally occurring sugars - this is sugar that is found
naturally in food Both added sugar and naturally occurring sugar have the same amount of calories, so when you have something with lots of sugar, both kinds can lead to weight gain.
Foods with added sugar usually have very little to no vitamins and minerals (including iron, potassium, calcium that were learned in the last presentation). So, having too much of this type may lead to more health problems.
* Remember to choose drinks or food based on amount of nutrients it has, not the sugar content. Together, these two types make up a person's
TOTAL sugar intake. So, what's the problem? Sugar can be added for flavor, to change the texture,
and also provides energy for the body.
With too much sugar, a person can become unhealthy though. Obesity:
This happens when a person gains more weight (gets more energy) than the body can use up!
Right now, over 25% of Canadian children between the ages of 2-17 are overweight or obese. This means 1 out of every 4 children are affected by this. Heart disease:
This is linked to increased weight.
If a person consumes too much sugar, this can increase
a type of blood fat produced in the body. This means that more fat can build up in the walls of our blood vessels. Type 2 Diabetes:
Too much sugar intake can cause ups
and downs in blood sugar levels.
This increases the chances of problems in the kidneys, eyes and the heart. Cavities in the teeth:
Sugar is the one of the most common reasons
that people get cavities!
Children who eat sweet snacks more than 5
times a day have more cavities and missing teeth
than children who don't. How much added sugar should you have?
There is no exact amount of added sugar
people should have everyday, BUT the Canadian
Sugar Institute has set an estimated amount that
people should follow.
Estimated Added Sugar
Intake in Canada Female adults (18+) Male Adults (18+) Teenagers (12-17) Children (ages 2-11)
15 teaspoons These numbers will be listed
as a daily amount in teaspoons 25 teaspoons 29 teaspoons 32 teaspoons Just to get an idea, one can of pop (355 mL)
has 8 teaspoons of added sugar.
What does this mean for children? Although there is no real limit to the amount of sugar a person can have, the general rule is that less than 25% of a person's energy/calories should come from added sugars. If you consume any more, the amount of vitamins and minerals you receive will be affected! What are healthy drinks?
Beverages can usually be split into 3 groups:
1) GO drinks - these drinks are full of nutrients, low in sugar and should be chosen more often
2) YIELD drinks - these are nutritious but have more sugar in them, choose less often and drink in smaller amounts
3) STOP drinks - these are very high in sugar with little nutrients. Choose sometimes. Today, we have reviewed:
- Types of sugars,
- How much sugar intake different age groups
- Which drinks are healthier
Let's do some activities!