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Dyslexia in Children ages 8-9

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Kally Kibitlewski

on 14 November 2012

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Transcript of Dyslexia in Children ages 8-9

Dyslexia in Children ages 8-9 By Sydney Grubb and Kally Kibitlewski We chose this topic for a couple of reasons. First off, it is becoming more common in children and many people don't know how to respond to it and accomodate to the needs of the child. Also, we both want to teach in the age range of 8-9. Approximately 3% to 6% of all school-aged children are believed to have developmental reading disabilities, or dyslexia. In fact, almost 50% of children receiving special education have learning disabilities, and dyslexia is the most prevalent form. Consequently, dyslexia has been given considerable attention by researchers and extensive literature exists on instruction and remediation methods. Dyslexia is a neurocognitive deficit that is specifically related to the reading and spelling processes. Typically, children classified as dyslexic are reported to be bright and capable in other intellectual domains. Current research indicates that the vast majority of children with dyslexia have phonological core deficits. The severity of the phonological deficits varies across individuals, and children with these deficits have been shown to make significantly less progress in basic word reading skills compared to children with equivalent IQs. The federal guidelines for LD placement are:

1. Disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes (memory, auditory perception, visual perception, oral language, and thinking).
2. Difficulty in learning (speaking, listening, writing, reading, and mathematics).
3. Problem is not primarily due to other causes (visual or hearing impairment, motor disabilities, mental retardation, emotional disturbance, or economic environment or cultural disadvantage).
4. Severe discrepancy between apparent potential and actual achievement.

These are just guidelines that are used to diagnose children with dyslexia. Many children are either incorrectly diagnosed with this disability or it is missed and called something else like ADHD. FEATURES :

General reading ability

Storage and Retrieval

Phonological awareness
Assessment Techniques:

Metropolitan Achievement Tests - Reading
Gray Oral Reading Tests, 3rd Ed.
WRMT-Word Identification

SB-4-Memory for Sentences
Verbal Selective Reminding Test
Rapid Automatized Naming Test
Boston Naming Test

WRMT-Word Attack
Test of Awareness of Language Segments (TALS)
Test of Auditory Analysis Skills (TAAS)
Lindamood Auditory Conceptualization Test
Decoding Skills Test http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/02/health/research/02dyslexia.html?ref=dyslexia&_r=0 http://www.readingrockets.org/article/291/ Reflections After doing research on this topic, we both agreed that there is actually a lot more to the disability than is shown on the outside. There are so many varieties of dyslexia, that it is almost impossible to diagnose the exact problem in a child and help him/her.

Sydney has the type of Dyslexia that most people know about. The order of letters on a page get scrambled when she tries to read.

Kally, on the other hand, has number dyslexia. Though this is not the official term, Kally gets number order mixed up. Reading phone numbers is especially difficult.

So through this project, we got a small insight into what some children are truly going through and we now have some tools to help those students with dyslexia fufill their academic dreams. Workcited (2012). A Learning Environment. About.com Special Education. Retrieved from http://specialed.about.com/cs/teacherstrategies/a/ld1.htm
Belluck Pam. (2011, August). Study Says Dyslexia May Have Auditory Tie. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/02/health/research/02dyslexia.html?ref=dyslexia
Frost, J., & Emery|, M. (1995, August). CEC | Members Only Area. CEC | Members Only Area. Retrieved from http://www.cec.sped.org/AM/Template.cfm?Section=Other_Health_Impaired
Snow, C., Burns, S., & Griffin, P. (1998|). English Language Learners and Reading Difficulties. Reading Rockets. Retrieved from http://www.readingrockets.org/article/291/
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