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The Civil War
Transcript of The Civil War
Harriet Beecher Stowe writes... Stowe's novel depicted the life of a slave family. It humanized slaves that were usually considered property. This was unprecedented. The book had a very controversial effect. Many slave owners were outraged that their property should be depicted so sympathetically. Other people were outraged that these people should have been treated this way and considered property. Like most controversial works, it sold well, and sparked argument, debate, and conflict. The Kansas-Nebraska Act was a bill in 1854, which allowed the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to decide for themselves whether or not to allow slavery. The Compromise of 1850 voided the Missouri Compromise (1820), which caused conflict and riots between the pro- and anti-slavery states. Because of the riots that ensued, the Kansas-Nebraska Act was nicknamed "Bleeding Kansas" Dred Scott v. Sandford 1857 Dred Scott
slave who had lived in free territory with his master
argued that he should be freed after his master died
Supreme Court ruled banning Slavery in territories was unconstitutional because it could deny slave owners their property.
The decision supported slaves were property, undoing much of the progress made by abolitionists. John Brown, a radical abolitionist raided the arsenal in Harper's Ferry, VA on October 16, 1859. This turned some people off to the idea of abolitionism, because this small faction represented them as violent. There were four candidates in the election of 1860. Abraham Lincoln: Republican John Bell: Constitutional Unionist John Breckenridge: Southern Democrat Stephen Douglas: Democrat Lincoln won the presidency. Attack on Fort Sumter April 12, 1861 The first shots of the Civil War were fired on Fort Sumter by what would become the Confederacy. This was the first true war event. THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR Abraham Lincoln won the Election of 1860 becoming the 16th President December 20, 1860 January 10, 1861 January 11, 1861 January 19, 1861 January 26, 1861 February 1, 1861 January 9, 1861 April 17, 1861 May 6, 1861 May 20, 1861 June 8, 1861 voters crossed from Missouri to vote on slavery
created two opposing governments, one pro slavery, the other anti-slavery.
President Pierce only recognized the pro-slavery government Attack on Lawrence
pro-slavery grand jury in Kansas charged leaders of anti-slavery government with treason
800 people rode to Lawrence to arrest anti-slavery leaders
Leaders had fled so town was sacked. Pottawatomie Massacre
Led by John Brown in response to attack on Lawrence
Brown and his men killed five pro-slavery men with swords.
As a result Kansas fell into civil war with about 200 people being killed
In 1856, a new territorial governor was assigned and began to restore order. Brooks attacks Sumner
Charles Sumner criticized pro-slavery people in Kansas and insulted Senator Andrew Pickens Butler from South Carolina
Preston Brooks retaliated and beat Sumner in the Senate chambers with a walking stick.