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The Civil War

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Russell Hunter

on 31 March 2013

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Transcript of The Civil War

The American Civil War The American Civil War The American Civil War 1820 Missouri: confirmed as a slave state To keep congress balanced, Maine was added as a free state. Missouri was the exception. The Missouri Compromise At the time, the Missouri compromise settled tensions between the Northern and Southern states. But later, it would become the cause of conflict... The Wilmot Proviso: 1846 A bill proposed in 1846. If passed, the Wilmot Proviso would have banned slavery in the United States' new territory that had been gained from Mexico. The bill caused an uproar from the slave-owning states. The Wilmot Proviso was REJECTED. The Compromise of 1850 In 1849, California, having recently gained a considerable population, requested to enter the Union as a free state. The southern states did not want to add California, as it would mean free states having a majority in congress. Senator Henry Clay proposed the Compromise of 1850 to avoid conflict between the North and South. The compromise admitted California as a free state, but granted popular sovereignty -the ability for each person in the territories to vote regarding slavery- to the western United States territories. It also amended the Fugitive Slave Act. The Fugitive Slave Law was first passed in 1793, but was rarely enforced after the northern states became more abolitionist. It required all citizens to aid in the capture of runaway slaves. As part of the Compromise of 1850, the Act was amended to include fines and jail time for anyone who "aided and abetted" fugitive slaves. The Fugitive Slave Act served to calm the Southern, slave-owning states. 1852:
Harriet Beecher Stowe writes... Stowe's novel depicted the life of a slave family. It humanized slaves that were usually considered property. This was unprecedented. The book had a very controversial effect. Many slave owners were outraged that their property should be depicted so sympathetically. Other people were outraged that these people should have been treated this way and considered property. Like most controversial works, it sold well, and sparked argument, debate, and conflict. The Kansas-Nebraska Act was a bill in 1854, which allowed the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to decide for themselves whether or not to allow slavery. The Compromise of 1850 voided the Missouri Compromise (1820), which caused conflict and riots between the pro- and anti-slavery states. Because of the riots that ensued, the Kansas-Nebraska Act was nicknamed "Bleeding Kansas" Dred Scott v. Sandford 1857 Dred Scott
slave who had lived in free territory with his master
argued that he should be freed after his master died
Supreme Court ruled banning Slavery in territories was unconstitutional because it could deny slave owners their property.
The decision supported slaves were property, undoing much of the progress made by abolitionists. John Brown, a radical abolitionist raided the arsenal in Harper's Ferry, VA on October 16, 1859. This turned some people off to the idea of abolitionism, because this small faction represented them as violent. There were four candidates in the election of 1860. Abraham Lincoln: Republican John Bell: Constitutional Unionist John Breckenridge: Southern Democrat Stephen Douglas: Democrat Lincoln won the presidency. Attack on Fort Sumter April 12, 1861 The first shots of the Civil War were fired on Fort Sumter by what would become the Confederacy. This was the first true war event. THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR Abraham Lincoln won the Election of 1860 becoming the 16th President December 20, 1860 January 10, 1861 January 11, 1861 January 19, 1861 January 26, 1861 February 1, 1861 January 9, 1861 April 17, 1861 May 6, 1861 May 20, 1861 June 8, 1861 voters crossed from Missouri to vote on slavery
created two opposing governments, one pro slavery, the other anti-slavery.
President Pierce only recognized the pro-slavery government Attack on Lawrence
pro-slavery grand jury in Kansas charged leaders of anti-slavery government with treason
800 people rode to Lawrence to arrest anti-slavery leaders
Leaders had fled so town was sacked. Pottawatomie Massacre
Led by John Brown in response to attack on Lawrence
Brown and his men killed five pro-slavery men with swords.
As a result Kansas fell into civil war with about 200 people being killed
In 1856, a new territorial governor was assigned and began to restore order. Brooks attacks Sumner
Charles Sumner criticized pro-slavery people in Kansas and insulted Senator Andrew Pickens Butler from South Carolina
Preston Brooks retaliated and beat Sumner in the Senate chambers with a walking stick.
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