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Rogers Revised European Colonization of Texas

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John Rogers

on 14 September 2016

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Transcript of Rogers Revised European Colonization of Texas

European Colonization of Texas
The Founding of San Antonio
One base for Spanish missionary and military operations in Texas developed around San Antonio. Two missions and a presidio were established in the San Antonio River valley in
1718.
Missions move to San Antonio
The Spanish added three new missions in San Antonio valley in
1731
. These missions moved from East Texas to the newly founded San Antonio.
1782- mission in San Jose is completed in San Antonio and other missions are built.
Do you know where San Antonio is on the map?
Entrance to the San Jose Mission
quick quiz!!
VOCABULARY
CIVIL SETTLEMENTS-
a village made up of people who are neither priests or soldiers
COLONIZATION-
claim for and control by a distant nation
MISSION-
a settlement founded to spread Christianity to the people of the area
MISSIONARY-
one who is sent to do religious or charitable work in a territory or foreign country
PRESIDIO-
a military post or fortified settlement in an area under Spanish control
Spanish Mission
José de Escandón (1750s)

Military commander and governor of Nuevo Santander
Led Spain’s expansion effort in South Texas
Sent settlers, soldiers and priests to settle the lands between the Rio Grande and Nueces River establishing missions, presidios, and settlements
Moved La Bahia mission and presidio from the Guadalupe River to the present-day site of Goliad
Antonio Margil de Jesús (early 1700s)

Spanish Franciscan priest
Founded several missions in East Texas including Nuestra Señora de los Dolores and San Miguel de los Adaes
Due to the problems in East Texas, he moved to San Antonio and founded San Jose y San Miguel de Aguayo, one of the five missions in San Antonio today.
SPANISH MISSIONS
Missions were Spain’s main way of colonizing and were expected to be self-supporting. The first missions were established in the
El Paso area, then East Texas and finally in the San Antonio area
. Missions were used to convert the American Indians to the Catholic faith and make loyal subjects to Spain.
Towns – towns and settlements were built near the missions and colonists were brought in for colonies to grow and survive. The first group of colonists to establish a community was the
Canary Islanders in San Antonio (1730).
1682, First Spanish Mission in Texas
The Spanish established themselves in Texas by using the same system they had established in Arizona and New Mexico. Through missions, presidios, and an adjoining civilian community (a villa), missionaries and soldiers Christianized and Hispanicized the native population.
In
1682
, the Spanish developed the first Texas mission in
Corpus Christi de la Ysleta
Fray Damián Massanet

Convinced the viceroy of New Spain to colonize East Texas and convert the Caddoes to Catholicism
1690 – Alonso De León and Massanet were sent with several priests and about 100 soldiers to colonize East Texas.
Resulted in many missions in East Texas even though these missions failed
What year was San Antonio Founded?
What religion were the Spanish trying to convert the Indians to?

Francisco Hidalgo (early 1700s)
Priest at Mission San Francisco de los Tejas
Contacted French Catholic priests to provide religious services to the local native people when Spanish priests were not available
Caused Spanish to be suspicious of French colonization
Make Those Caddoes, CATHOLIC!!
1690
ELEMENTS of the Spanish Colonial Era
1. Roman Catholic Religion
2. Missions & Presidios
3. Civil Settlements
4. Canary Islanders
5. Founding of San Antonio
6. Camino Reale
1718
Full transcript