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Activism: million man march + million woman march
Transcript of Activism: million man march + million woman march
million man march- October, 1995
, mission statement authored by
, also the man who started the celebration of
Main themes + reasons for march:
challenge to govt
- atonement for past ('holocaust of slavery') and current wrongs
challenge to corporations
- practice corporate responsibility towards the community-jobs, reinvestment, etc.
what was different about this march compared to the earlier marches?
absence of violence
, (no reported police brutality - i.e no dogs unleashed on the marching men, no violent reaction by white people)
explicit exclusion of women
- except a few prominent speakers.
of panel of speakers (African speakers also invited)
(for multiple actions)-
Day of Atonement
Day of Absence
- was not meant to send a msg to the white people but to the
Criticism of the million man march
James Lullen- call for more action instead of "just walking". Challenges how coming together to walk challenges black men to be better.
His suggestion: a million men sign up to make at least one boy/youth prisoner a protege for a year (mentoring the youth)
-sexism- feminists not okay with absence of women
-religious controversy- leader Farrakan was known for his anti-semitic views. African-American version of Hitler?
the US in the 1990s
President= Bill Clinton, who was said to have been the first president to make racial reconciliation a main focus of his presidency.
-Age of African-American Hip-Hop, which was thought of as increasingly portraying a negative image of African American and their lifestyles (mostly by the middle class African-Americans).
Organized and led by Phile Chionesu + Asia Coney
problem: existence of various forms of
, resulting in lack of bonding as families, lack of adequate
+ preparation of children
purpose: recognizing the necessity of
foundation and destiny as a people, beginning at the origin (root)
How? By acknowledging and applying the strength + resources existing within the US + throughout the world.
address issues concerning disrespect, lack of communication, negative interaction, antisocial + dysfunctional behavior + denial that these problems affect their ability to move forward.
June Jordan: lack of political purpose to meeting to address important issues such as poverty, public educatoin, housing.no petition for the betterment of black societies addressed at the meeting, waste of time.
Delores Tucker- march symbolized significance of Sojourner Truth's life, who preached equality and justice for her people
-empowerment black women (leadership)
-response to Sojourner's centuries old question: "ain't I a woman?"
Elijah Gosier- journalist- march may just have changed the lives of many, prevented more black men from ending up in prison. Question of traveling distances to learn how to be men or women..
looking at the main themes of the march, what can be inferred about the state of African Americans and their views at the end of the 20th century? Are there any noticeable cultural and ideological changes from the civil rights movement era?
How do these different positions on the march speak to one another?
-was there anything that was accomplished by these two marches that could not have been accomplished using any other method?
~looking at Elijah Gosier's article, what do you think was the purpose of writing it (was it in defense of or in criticism of the march?)