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BAIS Politics East Asia - L06

Introduction to the politics of North Korea. Lecture in the Hague, 13 March 2018.
by

Florian Schneider

on 15 March 2018

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Transcript of BAIS Politics East Asia - L06

Politics East Asia
BAIS
Lecture 06:
13 March 2018
Florian
Schneider
Break
Zzzzz
North Korea's Everyday Politics
Making Sense of North Korea
North Korea's Official Politics
The War of Realities on the Peninsula
Unification vs.
Status Quo
USA
Japan
DPRK
ROK
PRC
Russia
Juche
self-defense
sovereignty
Taking a man-centered attitude towards the world means approaching the world from the viewpoint of interests of man, the master of the world. Approaching the world by focusing on man means dealing with the change and development of the world mainly on the basis of the activities of man who transforms it.
The material nature of the world and its universal laws of motion having been clarified, the Juche idea presented the position and role of man in the world as the fundamental question of philosophy and proved that man is the master of everything and decides everything. It explicated on this basis the law that governs the domination, transformation and development of the world by man.
That the world is dominated and reshaped by man is a new viewpoint on the world in relation to man.
self-reliance
mobilization
Insights from
What counts as information on the DPRK?
Open question
deserters
tourists
journalists
scholars
official sources
diplomats
Workers Party of Korea
Approaches in DPRK studies
historical / descriptive
factional models
system analyses
totalitarian approaches
The State shall eliminate the way of life inherited from the outmoded society and establish a new socialist way of life in every sphere.
DPRK Constitution
Article 42:
The State shall adhere to the class line, strengthen the dictatorship of people’s democracy and firmly defend the people’s power and socialist system against all subversive acts of hostile elements at home and abroad.
Article 12:
We can turn North Korea into a charcoal briquette.
You don't get anywhere by pulling punches about the nature of regimes like the Iraqi regime or the North Korean regime.
2002
1995
Colin Powell
Condoleezza Rice
Former Secretary of State
Former Secretary of State
Former Deputy Secretary of Defense
Paul Wolfowitz
Former Secretary of Defense
Donald Rumsfeld
2002
There are a number of terrorist states pursuing weapons of mass destruction - Iran, Libya, North Korea, Syria to name but a few.
In the case of North Korea, the country is teetering on the edge of economic collapse and that I believe is a major point of leverage...
2003
'Rogue Regime'
'Axis of Evil'
Supreme People's Assembly
687 members
(one per constituency).
Members are elected for five year terms.
All candidates are vetted by the party.
The legislature is run according to the principle of democratic centralism.
The 'First Secretary'
Kim Jong-un
born:
8 January 1983
Kim Jong-il
The 'Dear Leader' & Eternal 'General Secretary'
1941 – 2011
1912 – 1994
Kim Il-sung
The 'Great Leader' & 'Eternal President'
From 'The Propaganda Game'
2015
'Ask a North Korean'
Who wants what?
Former Presidential Candidate
Jeb Bush
If a pre-emptive strike is necessary to keep us safe, then we should do it.
2016
2016
The dignified and worthwhile life that the Korean people enjoy at present and the great changes taking place in the country, as well as everything valuable that will belong to the rosy future when the dreams and ideals of the people will come true, would be unthinkable apart from the supreme leadership of DPRK.... It is their firm determination to mercilessly destroy anyone who dares hurt or attack the supreme leadership of the country even a bit.
The enemies have gone beyond the tolerance limit in their despicable moves to dare hurt the dignity of the supreme leadership of DPRK... This act of not fearing any punishment from Heaven is touching off the towering hatred and wrath of the service personnel and people of DPRK.
Those who defamed our supreme leadership and committed hostile acts against DPRK can never escape the stern punishment to be meted out according to law, wherever they might be in the world.
Reactions to this movie.
differences to other socialist countries
ideological postering
size
emulator, not initiator
siege mentality
rationing syndrome
personality cult
Sung Chul Young 2001
succession politics
distance ethnography
'What North Korean Defectors Think Of North Korea'
Asian Boss 2016
What does Choi's study reveal about North Korea?
What methods does the study rely on?
Question
'history from the bottom'
community in socialist states
everyday 'survival'
(or: living?)
state oppression
vs.
resistance
vacuity of ideology
emerging markets
Personality Cult
Principle 5:
We must adhere strictly to the principle of unconditional obedience in carrying out the Great Leader comrade Kim Il-sung's instructions.
Principle 7:
We must learn from the Great Leader comrade Kim Il-sung and adopt the communist look, revolutionary work methods and people-oriented work style.
Ten Principles for the Establishment of a Monolithic Ideological System
Principle 9:
We must establish strong organizational regulations so that the entire party, nation and military move as one under the one and only leadership of the Great Leader comrade Kim Il-sung.
1974
(revised 2013)
Trailer 'The Interview'
2014
Kim Jong-Il Looking
at Things
Joking about North Korea
Kim Jung-un
Memes
Funny... or racist?
Anti-DPRK pop culture:
between 'red scare' and 'yellow peril'.
Goldfinger, 1964
How does DPRK satire affect our understanding of North Korea's politics?
Open question
Poe's Law
"Without a winking smiley or other blatant display of humor, it is impossible to create a parody of Fundamentalism that SOMEONE won't mistake for the real thing."
Who benefits from the idea that North Korea is ridiculous?
With a ridiculous DPRK...
...everything becomes plausible.
Barak Obama
19 December 2014
'What Do Young South Koreans Think of North Korea?'
Asian Boss, 2016
2017
What might be the DPRK's policy priorities?

What is North Korea's foreign affairs strategy?
Question
North Korea
The readings
Political Systems & Domestic Politics
The PRC
The CCP
The ROC
Hong Kong
Japan
South Korea
North Korea
Political Theory
concepts
definitions
theoretical frameworks
debates
influential scholars
What will be on the mid-terms?
15 Short factual questions, requiring at most a sentence or two to answer, but frequently just asking for a list of words.
Provide the correct English names of the state executives in the following states (do not use abbreviations): 1. The People’s Republic of China, 2. The Republic of China (Taiwan), 3. The Special Administrative Region of Hong Kong
sample question
sample questions
According to the classic political science definition, what is ‘legitimacy’?
In your own words, what does Article 9 of Japan's constitution state, and how has this been interpreted in the post-war era?
not in the mid-term
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