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History of Rock Music: Introduction

What is "Rock and Roll"?

Mark Williams

on 18 September 2017

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Transcript of History of Rock Music: Introduction

Ike Turner and “Rocket 88”
Bill Haley and the Comets
Topics of Discussion
What is “Rock and Roll” and who coined the term?
History of Rock and Roll

Muddy Waters, Chicago guitarist.
SOURCES: Ibid. Also http://www.scaruffi.com/history/rb.html
“Rhythm and Blues" was coined by future Atlantic Records producer Jerry Wexler while writing for Billboard in the late 1940s. In 1949 the Billboard chart for "race" records was renamed "rhythm and blues".

In the 60s, “Rock and Roll” had such “white” connotations that the new styles in black pop music were referred to as “Soul,” and later “Funk.”
SOURCES: Robert Palmer,
Rock & Roll: an Unruly History
(NY: Harmony, 1995): 8. http://www.digitaldreamdoor.com/pages/best_timeline-r1.html
Graphic: http://www.violafair.com/music/birthblues.htm
“Rock and Roll” was actually black slang for having sex. The words appear in 1922 on record for the first time in Trixie Smith's “My Man Rocks Me With One Steady Roll.”
Ike Turner
SOURCES: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rocket_88
Graphic: http://rockfever.blogspot.com/2005_01_01_rockfever_archive.html
“Rocket 88” was claimed by Sam Phillips, the owner of Sun Records, to be the 1st Rock and Roll song.

The record was credited to Jackie Brenston and his Delta Cats and praises the joys of the Oldsmobile 88.

It features one of the first examples of the use of distorted or “fuzz” guitar.

The claim of the first "rock and roll" song is perhaps overstated, but it was the #2 R&B single of 1951.

It was also covered by Bill Haley and the Saddlemen (1952).
Ike Turner and “Rocket 88” (1951)
The Carpenters
SOURCES: Ibid, 9.
Graphic: http://web.singnet.com.sg/~tonytay/carp.htm
Any music that happens to be “popular.”

Some people also refer to “soft rock” as “pop” music.
SOURCES: http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Rock-Around-the-Clock
Graphics: http://www.art.com/asp/sp-asp/_/pd--10101563/Bill_Haley.htm
Bill Haley
Hits by Haley include: “Rock the Joint,” “Crazy, Man, Crazy,” “Rock Around the Clock (1954),” and “Shake, Rattle and Roll.” “Rock Around the Clock” became a hit in 1955 when used under the credits of the film,
The Blackboard Jungle.

In 1974 it returned to the American charts when used as the theme for the film,
American Graffitti
, and the TV Series,
Happy Days
. Haley was quoted as saying, “No matter how bad a show might be going some night, I know that song will pull us through. It’s my little piece of gold.”
Bill Haley and the Comets
Disc jockey Alan Freed used the term "rock and roll" as a marketing ploy for music that was black in style, but not necessarily by black musicians or for a black audience. The term eventually was used for guitar-based music with a “black” beat, primarily played by and for whites.
Sources: Ibid. Graphic: http://www.jeffosretromusic.com/history3.html
What was music called that was made by and for black Americans?
Alan Freed
Trixie Smith
“My Man Rocks Me With One Steady Roll.”
Trixie Smith.
What is "pop" music?
Richard and Karen Carpenter.
Ike Turner
"Rocket 88"
"Rock Around the Clock"
Bill Haley and
the Comets
RIP - Franny Beecher (25 Feb 2014).
Full transcript