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The Strength of Codesign 15 Nov 2012
Transcript of The Strength of Codesign 15 Nov 2012
Department of Architecture
Chalmers University of Technology
Phone +46 31 772 2346
Cellphone +46 730 445790 Jenny Stenberg
challenges ARK322 MPDSD Chalmers Architecture Associate Professor Jenny Stenberg SUBURBS starting 2008 Centre for Urban Studies
Hammarkullen Chalmers and University of Gothenburg Started in 2010 www.urbanempower.se Mistra Urban Futures
Pilot project 3 2010-2011 The interplay between citizen initiatives and invited participation in urban planning Project leader: Jenny Stenberg Research project funded by Formas 2011-2013 Urban Empowerment: interplace The aim being to advance our knowledge in three areas:
widening participation in higher education
promoting professional and organizational development
focusing on the role of citizens in urban change Gothenburg municipality: Hammarkullen:
15 min with tram
from the railwaystation Chalmers
University of Technology Hammar-
kullen education outreach research research Cultures of Participation and Learning planning, architecture, landscape architecture, art, peace- and conflict, management, global studies, geography Jenny Stenberg, Pål Castell, Henric Benesch, Nazem Tahvilzadeh, Martin Berg, Hans Abrahamsson, Lars Jadelius, Emma Corkhill, Vanja Larberg, Sara Danielsson, Anna Fridén, Rakel Styffe Heed Hammarkullen and Backa in Gothenburg Transformation The Interplace project supports this process of codesign – a stage or 'patio' in Hammarpark to be built in 2013 (budget 220,000 euro) EU-funded project with the program 'Development Northeast' (11 million euro) former Suburbs students are in charge of the process social worker/architect employed
implement knowledge from the pilot project
in charge for a codesigning task our role:
discuss design tools and plan
add funding for some things
learn THE PROCESS:
15 deep interviews in March-April 2012 answers:
the proposal had not been anchored enough
don't build the tent – be burnt
avoid jumping to solutions May-June:
changed the use of EU-funding
switched place to the park
employed two skilled architects, former Suburbs students May-June:
interviews local actors
information and invitation
interviews with municipal actors Aug 19: Public ‘idea party’ tools:
music • refreshments •‘story telling tent’ •‘your say map’ •‘story telling tent’ •‘your say map’ •‘idea wall’ • ‘idea wall’ •roundtable conversations •‘treasure hunting’ •‘treasure hunting’ The 'idea party':
around 200 inhabitants involved
whereof 50 were children
quite a few passed and took a quick look Aug 28: Workshop on activities focus group of 13 inhabitants
volunteered • sit rest converse watch listen
• paint draw graffiti
• dance music climb coffee barbeque eat
• swing ice-skate chess movie
• volleyball Aug 29:
Open discussion at the youth centre inspirational photos
places for barbeque
sketches at post it notes selection process of activities Sep 2: Workshop 11 inhabitants
what feelings be expressed
swop analysis of places a proposal designed Sep 15: ‘Test party’ full scale model at place in the park
chicken wire and corrugated cardboard form of the curvy sitting place had been inspired by the Gaudian sofa in Parc Guell in Barcelona circle where the stage should be bypassing people also got informed about the ‘patio’ sketches Afterwards 13 inhabitants, both adults and children and quite a lot of them new in the process, sat down indoor for a discussion of the proposal:
water a model of a wireless speaker for smartphones « phone Sep 19: Workshop 21 inhabitants
Carin Smuts from Cape Town visiting
sketch ‘dream place’
pattern and colors pattern and colors suggested by the group of artists the 'dream' of the youth group caricatures of all participants The perhaps most interesting outcome of this workshop was that it was obvious to all participants – including the project leader and the employee from the park and nature administration – that many of the inhabitants would like to be part of the actual building process of the ‘patio’. Sep 20: Workshop kids Oct 5: Exhibition How can built environment facilitate for a desired social development in a community? This is what transdisciplinary work has been about for us: a knowledge view implying that all actors, also inhabitants, are:
a strategy in which citizens together with the other actors build society and community as part of their ordinary life.
The question about domination of space is in this view a question about who has the right to put knowledge on the table in a design/planning process.
Including inhabitants in the knowledge production process imply planning for their participation – it's a process: Codesign process pattern and colors CAD drawings Architects: Mia Börjesson & Frida Skarp An interplace was formed as a result of the codesigning process and the place for presenting it, resulting in discussing the themes of:
budgeting some more money for refurbishing the park
artists would like to design a statue at the square
worsening situation for the youth with a significant increase locally of drug dealers
the need for extended ‘social tenure’ aspisconference2012.wordpress.com Park and nature administration taking over a developed form of social tenure is one of the answers? The strength of visualization
The strength of codesign
The strength of coproduction citizens become community builders Transition suburbsdesign.wordpress.com SUBURBS communicative processes with citizens,
turned into design proposals Students’ design proposals 2010 AMMARKULLESTATIONEN © Chalmers Architecture & André Bernath, Mary Ngundo, Adam Peterson, Neda Sherafat, 2010 The outside – new appearance Hammarpark a neglected barrier in the middle of area © Chalmers Architecture & Joel Berge, Erika Lundén, Mattia Minenza, Isa Petterson, 2010 Hammarpark firstname.lastname@example.org the strength of visualization The square in Hammarkullen has the only tram stop and thus serves 8,000 inhabitants and the idea of a covered meeting place was to:
increase the feeling of safety and security by inviting more people to use the square, especially females, and make it populated more hours of the day
increase integration and democracy by giving the square a free outdoor meeting place for inhabitants, pupils/students, teachers, researchers, social workers, youth workers, etc, to meet and reach out 9 tools The strong focus on citizen participation in urban design and planning:
in the city's budget
in the districts' regulation
facilitate for further development of what social tenure may be in the future. How can social tenure be done to involve people more?
many of the youth?
all ten local artists?
entire school class?
music college students?
Include them as community builders,
make use of their knowledge,
when changing public open space.
What would such a tool in social tenure look like?
How can it be scaled up?
Developing this kind of knowledge would be the start of answering the question ‘what is the strength of coproduction in urban empowerment processes’. An idea of a covered meeting place