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English Language Phonetics and Phonology: Some Basic Concepts

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Rodrigo Queiroz

on 11 October 2016

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Transcript of English Language Phonetics and Phonology: Some Basic Concepts

Acoustic

English Language Phonetics and Phonology: Some Basic Concepts
Prof. Me. Rodrigo Queiroz

Articulatory
WHAT IS PHONOLOGY?
Just Remember...
What is a PHONEME?
What is Phonetics
[...] can be viewed as a group of phonetics sciences, separated as anatomy and physiology of speech, articulatory phonetics (which often tends to deal with the identification and classification of individual sounds), acoustic phonetics (sometimes restricted to instrumental analysis and measurement of sound waves) and auditory or perceptual phonetics. (CLARK; YALLOP; FLETCHER, 2007).
Auditory
Phonology is often said to be concerned with the organization of speech within specific languages, or with the systems and patterns of sounds that occur in particular languages (CLARK; YALLOP; FLETCHER, 2007).
Consonants
are the sounds in which the air stream meets some obstacles on its way up from the lungs.
Vowels are sounds in which the air stream moves out very smoothly.
Sound differences that distinguish words (CELCE-MURCIA; BRINTON; GOODWIN, 1996).
ALLOPHONE
Each phoneme is therefore really composed of a number of different sounds which are interpreted as one meaningful unit by a native speaker of the language. This range is termed allophonic variation, and the variants themselves are called allophones (COLLINS; MEES, 2008)
SO... LET`S THINK...
[SUPERMAN]
[CLARK KENT]
[SUPERMAN]
/p/
[p ]
h
[p]
REFERENCES

AVERY, Peter; EHRLICH, Susan.
Teaching American English pronunciation.
Oxford: Oxford University Press. 1992.
CELCE-MURCIA, M.; BRINTON, D. M.; GOODWIN, J. M.
Teaching pronunciation:
a reference for teachers of English to speakers of other languages. Nova Iorque: Cambridge University Press. 1996.
CLARK, J.; YALLOP, C.; FLETCHER, J.
An introduction to phonetics and phonology.
Massachusetts, Oxford e Victoria: Blackwell Publishing. 2007.
COLLINS, B.; MEES, I. M.
Practical phonetics and phonology:
a resource book for students. Oxon: Routledge. 2008.
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