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Transcript of Verb Moods
The indicative (indicating a state of factuality and reality): Most sentences in English are in the indicative mood. It simply states a fact of some sort, or describes what happens, or gives details about reality.
The imperative (indicating a state of command): One marker of the imperative is that frequently the subject does not appear in the sentence, but is only implied.
The subjunctive mood (indicating a hypothetical state, a state contrary to reality, such as a wish, a desire, or an imaginary situation).
Mood refers to the verb form which expresses a speaker's or writer's attitude.
When you state a fact or ask a question, your sentence is in the indicative mood:
Will Joe study more often after failing his first test?
Joe studies every night in the library.
Now write a sentence in the indicative mood.
When you give your reader or listener a direct command, your sentence is in the imperative mood:
1) Set aside a couple of hours each day to study.
2) Do not stay up all night studying for a test the next day.
Now write a sentence in the imperative mood.
When you express a wish or a hypothetical condition, your sentence is in the subjunctive mood:
1) Joe would study more if he had the time.
2) If I were Joe, I would stay home and study.
Now write a sentence in the subjunctive mood.
The conditional (indicating a conditional state that will cause something else to happen):
1) The bomb might explode if I jiggle that switch.
2)The bomb could explode if you jiggle that switch.
Now write a sentence in the conditional mood.
Verbs and Moods Exercise
Indicate the mood of the verb in each of the sentences below..
1. The river flows under the bridge.
2. I would have passed the test if I had study.
3. He told me that he had finished the work.
4. God bless you!
5. I wish I had passed the test.
6. Do sit down.