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Trixia Calica

on 7 November 2014

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Transcript of Volleyball

V lleyball
What is Volleyball?

is a team sport in which two teams of six players are separated by net. Each team tries to score points by grounding a ball on the other team's court under organized rules it has been a part of the official program of Summer Olympic Games since 1964.
What are the rules for playing Volleyball?
1.)The Serving
Serve must serve from behind the end line until after contact
Ball may be served underhand or overhand
Ball must be clearly visible to opponents before serve
Serve ball may graze the net and drop to the other side for points
The first game is determined by a volley, each subsequent game shall be serve by the previous game loser
Serve must be returned by a jump only.no setting or attacking only a serve
Rally scoring will be
There will be
a point scored
score of
the ball
will score
a defense miss or
out of
s hit
will score on a
n o
of bo
or serve into the
Game wil
l be played to 25 pts.
Must win
by 2 poi
Team will rotate each time they win the serve
Players shall rotate in a clockwise manner
There shall be 4-6 on each side
4.)Playing the game
Maximum of 3 hits per side
Player may not hit the ball twice in succession(a block is not consider a hit
Ball may be played off the net during a volley and on serve
A ball touching a boundary is good
A legal hit is contact with the ball by a player body above and including the waist which does not allow the ball to visibly come to a rest
If two or more players contact with the ball simultaneously,it is consider one play and the players involved may not participate in next play
A player must not block or attack a serve
Switching positions will be allowed only between front line players (after the serve only)
5.)Basic Rule Violations
Stepping on or over the line on a serve
Failure to serve the ball over the net successfully
Hitting the ball illegally,(Carrying,Palming,Throwing,etc)
Touches of the net with any part of the body while the ball is in play.if the ball is driven into the net with such force that it causes the net to contact an opposing player,no foul will be called and the ball shall continue to be play in.
Reaching over the net,except under these conditions a) When executing a follow-through b)When blocking a ball which is in the opponents court but is being returned (The blocker must not contact the ball until after the opponent who is attempting to return the ball makes contact.)
6.)The Court
Both indoor and outdoor courts are 18m x 9m
Indoor courts also include an attack area designated by a line back from a center line
7.) Net Height
Net Height for men,co-ed mixed 6 is 2.43 meters
Net Height for women is 2.24 meters

Volleyball Lingo Translation
“Ace” When the ball is served to the other team, and no one touches it.
“Side out” When the team that served the ball makes a mistake, causing the ball to go to the other team.
“Roof” When a player jumps above the height of the net, and blocks the ball.
“Stuff” When a player jumps about the height of the net, blocks the ball, and the
ball goes back at the person who attacked(spiked) the ball.
“Dig” When a player makes a save from a very difficult spike.
“Kill” When a team spikes the ball and it either ends in a point or a side out.
Strategies for Winning Volleyball Matches
Volleyball strategies range from simple and obvious to highly complex Matching strategies to the skill level is the critical first step. Teams must develop appropriate tactics for serving, receiving, offense, hitting and defense. Master the basics, then blend in more elaborate concepts. Team strategies evolve as the team evolves. The higher the skill level, the more tactical the game becomes.
Serving Strategies
Keep the opponent off balance by hitting a variety of serves. Rotate servers at the novice level to create different looks. Use the whole service arsenal at more advanced levels. Serve short to force hitters to receive. Aim for aces at the deep corners. Mix in shots straight down the lines, giving the receiving team less time to react. Serve between players to force movement and communication. Mix in deep float serves, which can fool the receiving team with their knuckle ball action. Use jump serves, which have greater downward movement than float serves. Jump serves hit deep can be difficult to return because they appear to be going out. Spot serves targeting vulnerable players or zones are also effective.
Receiving Strategies
Use serve receive formations to set up the offense. Two basic formations are the "W," which uses five players lined up like a "W," and the "U," using four, with two players up front and two in back. The "U" formation works best when players are larger and/or more skilled.
Offensive Strategies
The 6-2 scheme uses two setters and six hitters. Because each setter also hits when she moves up in the rotation, the scheme effectively deploys six hitters. This is a good system for teams with versatile players. The 5-1 scheme has a single setter who never hits. This is used a lot at higher levels, since it allows a single setter to run the offense.
Hitting Strategies
Change up while hitting at the net. Power is a weapon at the higher levels, but finesse is just as important. Tips to open areas of the court are very effective. So is the roll shot, struck with the palm of the hand underneath the center of the ball. As hitters become more capable, they can read the defense while rising up to hit and aim the ball away from the block. The cut shot -- a cross-court hit at a sharper angle -- is a good example of that.
Defensive Strategies
Decide whether area blocking or read blocking at the net is best for the front end of the defense.Area blockers protect a designated area.Read blockers watch the hitters and move accordingly to thwart them.Beginning teams might opt for a basic rotation defense.Using two blockers up front and four defending players rotating to cover the other out of the court.
Volleyball Etiquette #1 Never Kick a Volleyball
why? because of the more tender composition of volleyballs on both the exterior material and interior air bladder, kicking a volleyball just one time permanently alters the dimensions of the sphere (which needs to be a perfect circle to react properly in game play)repeated kicking or just one very hard kick can burst the internal bladder or start a chain reaction by compromising even the smallest part of the physical integrity that holds it together.
Volleyball Etiquette #2 Don't drop off without the coach
why? because South Metro/No Limits Volleyball, the AAU, and all of the facilities we rent have a strict policy that children may not be left at the facility without adult supervision. So, please always make sure your child's coach is there before you drop them off and leave.
Volleyball Etiquette #3 Do not play wearing jewelries
why? for safety reasons,jewelry of any sort makes a uniform illegal and must be removed if you wish to play.Players discovered wearing jewelry will be asked to remove it prior to stepping on the court, which is the standard rule for all official volleyball organizations.Jewelry that is taped over or covered up is not legal.Tape can be punctured by the jewelry during play or the jewelry can still be ripped out and quite painful.
Volleyballs Equipment
Court Equipment-The basic court equipment is a net attached to two poles or standards.
Balls-Volleyballs come in many colors and sizes, are made with a variety of materials and are designed for either indoor or outdoor play.
Shoes-Volleyball-specific shoes have a gum rubber sole. This type of sole provides a lot more traction than a regular sport shoe or cross-trainer. Volleyball shoes are also made to support a player's lateral.
Protective Gear-Competitive indoor volleyball players are always diving for balls to keep them in play. To protect their knees against floor burns, they wear knee pads. There are two basic styles, the bubble style and the flat style. The bubble style offers more padding in front of the knee, directly on the kneecap
Facilities of Volleyball
Center Line-is marked at the center of the court dividing it equally into 30 feet squares,above which the net is placed.
Attack Line-is marked 10 feet of each side of the center line.
Service Line-the area from which the server may serve the volleyball,is marked 10 feet inside the right sideline on each back line.
Volleyball officials and their duties
Scorers-the official scorer keeps track of the score throughout the volleyball game. Before the game begins the scorer notes the starting lineup of each team.
Line Judges-At least two, and as many as four, line judges monitor each game. The line judges stand at the corners of the court watching the lines to indicate whether a ball in play falls in or out of the court.
First Referee-The first referee stands on the referee stand and controls the play of the entire game.
Second Referee-The second referee works to assist the first referee throughout the game.
Players Specialization
Setters- have the task for orchestrating the offense of the team.
Liberos- are defensive players who are responsible for receiving the attack or serve.
Middle blockers or Middle hitters- are players that can perform very fast attacks that usually take place near the setter.
Outside hitters or Left side hitters- attack from near the left antenna.
Opposite Hitters or Right-side hitters- carry the defensive workload for a volleyball team in the front row.
There are 5 positions filled on every volleyball team at the elite level. Setter, Outside Hitter/Left Side Hitter, Middle Hitter, Opposite Hitter/Right Side Hitter and Libero/Defensive Specialist. Each of these positions plays a specific, key role in winning a volleyball match.
History of Volleyball

Origin of Volleyball-On February 9, 1895, in Holyoke, Massachusetts (USA), William G. Morgan, a YMCA physical education director, created a new game called Mintonette as a pastime to be played (preferably) indoors and by any number of players.
Refinements and later Development-The first official ball used in volleyball is disputed; some sources say that Spalding created the first official ball in 1896, while others claim it was created in 1900.
Thank You For Watching!
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