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“The time of Philippines under the Spain was like the time o
Transcript of “The time of Philippines under the Spain was like the time o
WHY DID FILIPINOS SERVE SPAIN?
1. The Filipinos were not united. Spain played one tribe against another.
2. The Filipinos were converted to the Roman Catholic religion.
3. The Filipinos were offered rewards and honors by the Spanish Rulers.
Filipino services to Spain
1. Filipinos Provided food for the Spaniards
2. Filipinos worked in industries owned by the Spaniards.
3. Filipinos fought on the side of Spain against Portugal.
4. Filipinos joined the military expeditions to Borneo and the Moluccas.
5. Filipinos fought on the side of Spain against the Dutch and British.
6. Filipinos joined the expeditions to Indochina.
7. Filipinos joined the expeditions to Taiwan.
8. Filipinos helped to colonize the Marianas, Palaus, and Caroline Islands.
9. Filipinos helped pull down Chinese revolts and to stop the invasion of Lim-Ah-Hong.
10. Christian Filipinos fought with Spain against the Filipino Muslim (Moros)
Filipino services to Spain
Loyal Filipinos were given positions in the local government as
“cabezas de barangay”.
received the highest military honor given by Spain to a native. In
he became the military commander of Fort Santiago for
. It was his reward for putting down the Third Chinese Revolt (1662).
Denise Marie Ponsoy
Glory Chelsea Fetalvero
Chapters 8, 9, and 10
HOW DID FILIPINOS SERVE SPAIN?
“If the Spaniards had not come and colonized our country, we would have been a Muslim country, like Indonesia and Malaysia. To Spain, we owe a lasting debt of gratitude for making the Philippines the only Christian nation in Asia.”
Our Spanish Heritage
CATHOLICISM WAS SPAIN’S GREATEST LEGACY.
By the end of the 16th century more than 500,000 catholic’s in the Philippines
By the end of the Spanish rule in 1898 most of the Filipinos became catholic’s
HOSPITALS AND ORPHANAGES.
1578 – Juan Clemente (lay brother) founded the
1st hospital in Manila
Hospital of San Juan De Dios
San Lazaro Hospital
Other Hospital rose in Manila
- Hospital de San Gabriel (1588)
- Hospital Real (1612)
- Hospital de Agna Santas (1602)–
- Hospital de San Jose (1641)– Cavite
- Leper Hospital (1814)– Laoag
- Leper Hospital (1850)– Cebu
Real Hospocio de San Jose ( 1810 )- Manila
Asylum of St. Vincent de Paul (1885) Manila
- Asylum for girls (1882)
- Asylum for boys (1883)
DIET AND DRESS
- We learn to eat with spoons, forks, tables knives, napkins and crystal drinking glasses
- corn, potatoes, coffee, cacao, cabbage, sigadillas, chicos, guavas, and wheat
Other new foods
- Beef (from cattle),
mutton (from lamb),
Men’s jacket bahag – western coat trousers
Sarong robe – saya ( skirt ) and camisa ( blouse )
They learned to wear combs, shawls ( monton de Manila ), and hankerchiefs
Bare feet – slippers and shoes
• Parents spent time with their children in return the children obeyed and respect them
• Parents and children prayed together the rosary and the angelus every night
• They prayed before meal
• They went to church together to hear mass on Sunday’s
The families become the unit of the society
FILIPINO WOMEN DURING SPANISH TIMES
- The position of women in society was improve even more during the Spanish era.
- The women were respect and honored by men
- Women did not mix freely with men.
- Young women were kept in house or at school with other women.
- They were educated in collegios ( exclusive school ) run by nuns for girls.
- They were only trained to be good wives and good mother.
NEW CALENDAR (GREGORIAN CALENDAR)
Until the year
day behind that
of the European
Gov. Gen. Narciso Claveria
- who correct the Philippine calendar. He advanced the calendar by one day so that it would be in accord with the world standard time.
SPANISH NAME’S FOR FILIPINO’S
5000 Spanish words in our native dialect.
“ Malakas “ and “ Maganda “
saints in the
Nov. 21, 1849
, Gov. Gen. Claveria ordered all Filipino’s families to choose a surname from a
sent to all provinces in the country.
PRESERVATION OF FILIPINO LANGUAGE
- The Spanish friars ( priest ) studied our native languages and thought us on these language
- Art y Reglas de la Lengna Tagala ( 1610 ) written by Fr. Francisco Blancas de San Jose
- First published tagalog grammar.
WESTERN EDUCATION UNDER SPAIN
• This was formal schooling in diff. levels elementary, secondary, and college
• The Spaniards used these schools to spread the catholic religion and Spanish culture.
The diff. religious orders established private schools and colleges
- Colegio de Manila of the Jesuits/
Colegio de San Juan de Letran
(Filipino boys from rich families)
Colegio de Santa Isabel –
oldest school for girls in the Phil.
- Beaterio de la Compañia de Jesus ( now St. Mary’s College )
- Santa Catalina
- La Concordia
- Assumption Convent
UST (University of Santo Tomas)
the only university remained until today during the Spanish era. 25 yrs. Older than Harvard University, the oldest university in the U.S
-first book printed in the Philippines
- 1593 in Manila by the Dominican friars
Del Superior Govierno (the Superior Government)
- August 8, 1811 – February 7, 1812
- edited and publish by
Gov. Gen. Manuel Gonzales de Aguilar
- the first Filipino press in the Philippines was established by the Dominicans in Manila in the year
- the first Filipino printer; Prince of printers; The first Filipino author. He wrote the first Tagalog book ever publish
- Phil. Literature during the early years of the Spanish regime was mostly
religious in character
, It consisted of
prayer book, doctrinas, novenas, biographies of saints, and other religious matter.
- The favorite reading matter of the people during the lent season was
. The story is verse of the life, suffering and crucifixion of Christ.
- The first tagalog passion was written by
Gaspar Aquino de Belen
and publish in 1704.
- The most popular epic of tagalog literature was produce during the Spanish time. It was
“Florante at Laura“
the poetical masterpiece of Balagtas, the
"Prince of Tagalog Poets".
- Famous in Ilocos literature was the popular Ilocano epic,
“Lam – ang“
which recounts the fabulous deeds of the Ilocano legendary hero. It was popularized by
a blind poet, and hailed as the
“Father of Ilocos Literature“.
- Filipino – Spanish literature flowered during the last century of Spanish rule.
- The Spanish poem of
became the lyrics of the
Philippine National Anthem.
- The early forms of the Philippine drama were:
held by trained men and women on the ninth night or last night of the morning period of the dead. The male participants was called
“bellacos“ and “bellacas“
for the female
was also a
, like the duplo, but its partakers were
- There are
three kinds of plays
that became popular among the masses during the Spanish era.
– was a religious play depicting the life and suffering of Christ. It perform during the lent season.
Moro – Moro
– was a cloak and dagger play depicting the wars between Christian and Muslims, with the Christians always on the winning side.
– was a musical comedy.
- It was not until the end of the 17th century that the first theatre was establish in Intramorous, Manila. It was called
- The music of the Filipinos was enriched by Spanish and Mexican influences. Their popular folk dances, such as the polka, the lanceros, the rigodon, the cariñosa, and surtido come from Spain. The Filipino pandango, jarabe, kuratsa, were Mexican origin.
- The Philippine national anthem which was composed by Julian Felipe shows remarkable similarity to the Spain national anthem.
- In many of the towns and villages during the Spanish times there were many bands, called “ musikong buho “ ( bamboo musicians )
- The Spanish missionaries contributed greatly to the development of Phil. Music. The first music teacher to win distinction in Phil. History was the Franciscan missionary, Fr. Geronimo de Aguilar, who arrived in Manila in 1582. He founded a music school in the Franciscan Convent of Manila.
- In the Old Catholic church of Las Piñas, a few miles south of Manila, is a unique bamboo organ, the only organ of its kind in the world. It was built in 1818 by Fr. Diego Cerra, a recollect priest musician. The bamboo organ is more than a historical relic of the Spanish past; it is also one of the living glories of Phil. Music art. After 100 years, it is still in good condition and one of the greatest tourist attractions of the Phil.
- The modern towns grew out of the early settlements built by the Spaniards. The Spanish villages formed a rectangular pattern, with a central plaza and rectangular street blocks.
- Spain introduced the use of stone for building. During the Spanish era were built the first stone churches, stone building, stone forts, and stone houses. Some “bahay na bato“ ( stone house ) of the rich families still exist today, for example the house of Dr. Jose Rizal at Calamba, Laguna.
- The oldest stone church is san Augustine Church at Intramorous, Manila.
HOUSES AND VILLAGES
- European painting and sculpture were brought to the Philippines by Spain. Thus, the first art works were religious art of official portraits of kings or Gov. Gen.
- Damian Domingo the “Father of Filipino Painters“. He also founded the first school of painting at Manila in 1820.
- The god given talent of the Filipinos for sculpture, especially wood carving was developing during the Spanish era.
- The Spanish missionaries introduced modern science in the Philippines. They studied our plants and animals, and wrote many famous books on the subject. They also trained a few Filipinos to be scientists, especially doctors, chemist, and pharmacists.
Anacleto V. Del Rosario
was the first Filipino director of the Manila laboratory in 1888. He was called the “ Prince of Filipino chemists”.
The Observatory of Manila
- The crowning glory of the Phil. Science during Spanish times was the observatory of Manila. The observatory was founded by the
- It accurately warned of typhoons. It also measured earthquakes.
The observatory of Manila is the oldest weather center in Asia.
- during the special days, the people could put on their best clothes and eat and drink to their heart content.
- Spain introduced the religious festivals (fiestas) in the Philippines. Every town or barangay had its own patron saints. Each year the feast day of the patron was celebrated in the town or barangay.
- It was also Spain who gave us the idea of a sleepy and quiet lenten season. From Ash Wednesday to holy Saturday, all parties and festivals were stopped. People chanted the “pasyon“ or watched the “cenaculos“ to remember the life and death of Christ.
- Other amusements during the Spanish era were family events like baptism, weddings, death anniversaries, visits to holy shrines, the Flores de Mayo ( May flower festival )and Santacruzan ( |Holy Cross procession in May)
FIESTAS AND AMUSEMENTS
- Among the Spaniards, there were two classes of foreigners. They called the “Peninsulares“and “Insulares“.
- Peninsulares were the Spaniards who originally came from Spain to live and work in the Philippines.
- Insulares were the Spaniards who had been born and bred in the Phil.
- Actually the word Filipino was originally used to describe the insulars or the Spaniards born in the Phil. Only later, during the independence movement and the American era was the word “Filipino“ use to mean the citizens of the Phil.
- Because of the Spanish influence, the Filipinos have such good character traits as
1. Christian devotion
3. Palabra de honor
- On the other hand, the Filipinos also inherited some bad traits as
1. The mañana habit
4. Señorito habit
5. Aristocacy or snobbishness
“Even though our social and cultural life improved under Spain, our economic life did not improve very much.”
ECONOMIC CHANGES MADE BY SPAIN:
1. NEW WAY OF LAND OWNERSHIP
2. ENCOMIENDA SYSTEM
4. POLO OR FORCED LABOR
5. ABOLITION OF SLAVERY
6. GALLEON TRADE AND ANNUAL SUBSIDY FROM MEXICO
7. INTRODUCTION OF NEW PLANTS AND ANIMALS
8. INTRODUCTION OF NEW INDUSTRIES
9. ECONOMIC SOCIETY AND ROYAL COMPANY
10. SCIENTIFIC SURVEY
11. OPENING OF THE PHILIPPINES TO THE WORLD TRADE AND FOREIGN INVESMENT
12. RISE OF BANKS
Economic Life under Spain