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The Tang Dynasty of China
Transcript of The Tang Dynasty of China
The Beginning of
the Tang Dynasty
Tang Dynasty's Fall
Science and Inventions
Society and Culture
Going Too Fast
The Sui Dynasty was extremely successful, but the second emperor of the dynasty, Emperor Yang, was too rushed. Within one decade, he not only forced farmers to build a canal through China, but also led three campaigns against Goguryeo, in Korea. This angered the farmers, and they started to rebel.
Li Yuan, cousin of Emperor Yang and government official, took advantage of the chaos and rose in rebellion against his cousin. After general Yuwen Huaji murdered Emperor Yang in 618, Li Yuan took over, made himself emperor, and created the new Tang Dynasty.
Society in the Tang Dynasty was separated into four classes:
These were the basic levels, and each category was also separated into groups
The Scholar Class
Chinese government officials were chosen through and examination system. Men had to give examiners samples of their writing. Poetry was also extremely important, and it showed how much education one had received.
and Artisan Class
The peasants and artisans were often watched by the government, and their living conditions were not well. However, holidays in the villages were very joyful and happy times; much more than the uptight families in higher classes.
The Merchant Class
Merchants sold items from places as far away as Persia, India, and Japan. They had a lot of riches, and many people envied their wealth. They helped the Tang Dynasty's economy.
Poetry in the Tang Dynasty showed intelligence and wisdom. It was a key to everything: it could be a passport to entering the government, or it could express one's innermost feelings. Poems usually followed a set pattern, making them rhythmic and pleasing to the ear. Two of the most famous poets of the Tang Dynasty were Li Bai and Du Fu.
The Tang Dynasty's two main religions were Buddhism and Confucianism.
Buddhism thrived in the Tang Dynasty. Monasteries acquired large amounts of wealth. Tang Dynasty emperors also favored Buddhism. However, Buddhism slowly dwindled down along with the fall of the Tang Dynasty.
Confucianism had been in China a long time before the Tang Dynasty, and it was China's backbone. It taught children to be respectful to their parents and teachers and emperors to be kind to their people. Confucianism served as a guide to everyone in China.
The different material and ornaments on clothing showed one's rank in society. For example, only high officials were allowed to wear certain colored clothing, and only the emperor was allowed to wear yellow. The material used in belts also distinguished government rank.
Tang women wore the Tangruqun, commonly with long skirts, shawls, and loose shirts.
Li Bai is one of the most famous and respected poets of Chinese history. Many of his poems were written after he was drunk. Li Bai mostly wrote about the past, and often wrote through different viewpoints. In many of his poems, he broke some rules, which contributed to their greatness.
Du Fu mostly wrote about nature and creations. However, like many other great poets, he was only recognized after his death. In his lifetime, Du Fu had written over 400 poems.
After an alchemist mixed 75 parts of saltpeter, 10 parts of sulfur, and 15 parts of charcoal, and exposed it to fire, the mixture exploded with a flash. This experiment was the basis of gunpowder.
Using herbs and organic materials as medicine was spread in the Tang Dynasty. The cause of diabetes was discovered. Many books were written on the hundreds of medicines discovered during that time period, including "The Thousand Golden Prescriptions," written by a famous doctor named Sun Simiao.
In 747, an emperor had a "cool hall" with a device known as the Tang Yulin. It had water-powered fans and rising jets of water.
In the Tang Dynasty, the first form of printing was invented. Characters would be carved onto a piece of wood, and then brushed over with ink. Afterward, a piece of paper could be pressed to the wood, and the characters would appear on the paper.
Emperor Gaozu, the emperor name of Li Yuan, founder of the Tang Dynasty
Only emperors were allowed to wear yellow
Women of the Tang Dynasty
A portrait of Du Fu
A soldier lighting a missile
A Chinese Buddha statue
A painting of Li Bai
An example of woodblock printing
A close-up of the blocks used in woodblock printing
A portrait of Sun Simiao
During Emperor Xizong's reign, due to the weak national economy and natural disaster, people were dying of starvation. Emperor Xizong did not care about the country, but went and indulged in his hobbies. Rebellions rose again, and the Huang Chao Uprising was by far the most influential and important.
The End of the
After the Huang Chao Uprising, Emperor Zhaozong, the emperor at the time, gave Zhu Wen the title of Liang Wang, and with it, a lot of military strength. However, Zhu Wen turned around and murdered Emperor Zhaozong. In 907, Zhu Wen forced the last emperor of the Tang Dynasty to give up the throne, and he took it for himself. This marked the end of the Tang Dynasty and the beginning of the Liang Dynasty.
The Tang Dynasty's Legacy
The Tang Dynasty was one of the greatest dynasties of China. The poems, paintings, inventions, and culture left over were amazing and and the period of time was glorious and wonderful.
The building of the canal in the Sui Dynasty continued in later dynasties, and the canal expanded
The invention of gunpowder was one of the four most important inventions in Chinese history
A portrait of Sun Simiao, one of the greatest doctors in Chinese history
A painting of the Huang Chao Uprising
Emperor Ai, the last emperor of the Tang Dyansty
The green land shows the territory of the Tang Dynasty
A Chinese poem written by poet Wang Changling about military life
This painting shows the Chinese examination system, used in the Tang Dynasty to choose the best scholars for official positions
Chinese medicine used herbs to heal and cure