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The Canons of Rhetoric
Transcript of The Canons of Rhetoric
There are four basic methods of delivering a speech
There are many different ways to arrange a speech
This means coming up with great ideas for speeches.
Consider your audience!
When thinking about a topic, consider these three elements:
Reasons NOT to memorize speeches:
1. Many times when people memorize speeches, their nerves get the best of them and they forget what they were going to say next. When this happens, the speaker usually has to start from the beginning of the speech again. This is not a good situation for the speaker or the audience. It is uncomfortable for everyone. Don’t memorize your speeches.
2. Memorization is not the point of this class. A more useful skill in today’s professional world is the ability to gather, analyze, and synthesize (understand) information in a meaningful way. Speaking extemporaneously allows the speaker to focus on those elements, rather than spending hours and hours memorizing information.
3. You can use tools to help you remember what you are going to say in a speech.
Creating a key-word note card is one way you can remind yourself of what you
want to say. Creating mnemonic devices is another way to remember information.
For example, the mnemonic RASA can be used to help us remember how to be better listeners. RASA stands for: Receive, Appreciate, Summarize, Ask. Can you think of any mnemonic devices you have used in the past?
What is Rhetoric?
Rhetoric: the art of effective speaking and writing. For students, the fundamental tenets of rhetoric are: (a) to perceive how language is at work orally and in writing, and (b), to become proficient in applying the resources of language in their own speaking and writing.