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Iraq Culture & Tradition
Transcript of Iraq Culture & Tradition
of the Iraqi People Religion Language Gender Roles Decorum Celebratory Traditions House to House Connections "As soon as that is translated, the Iraqis break out in cheers over this news...Now they hug one another and start to sing. Some of them start dancing. Soon the whole group is leaping and gyrating...This is not a very soldierly dance. The moves are distinctly feminine. They throw a Shakira-like pelvic thrust into the mix" (67). "He steps out of the shadows and into the orange dawn's light. His stride in measured and proud. He repeats his chant...He seeks no protection. He strides through the middle of the street, his machine gun ready. He acts as if he weighs nothing...As I watch this man, I have to respect him. He is a warrior, a man who believes that his cause has value and is worth his life" (149). - primary religion: Islam
- practiced by 95% of the population
- There are 2 forms of Muslims in Iraq: Shiites and Sunnis A mosque in Fallujah http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/da/Mosque_in_Fallujah.jpg There are a number of languages spoken in Iraq, but Iraqi Arabic is by far the most widely spoken there official language(s): Arabic, Kurdish http://southwestasiamadison.weebly.com/uploads/1/9/5/1/1951724/8171694.jpg?477x299 - Women are to wear conservative clothing at all times
- Children are taken care by the mother
- Boy's birth is usually celebrated while a Girl's is not
- During the Iran-Iraq war, women were required to study in fields usually occupied by men because so many men were fighting in the war
- many woman became teachers, doctors, factory workers, etc.
- Those drafted into workforce during war had a 1/3 deduction from their salary and were only able to work with women and children
Children are the mother's responsibility.
Elders are always viewed with high respect, obedience, and loyalty.
Young boys and girls do not question authority.
-Girls are taught ideas of weakness, naivete, and passiveness.
-Boys follow men at early ages to learn authoritative power and dominance. - Family and Honor are extremely important
- Families hold their members responsible for any actions
- no kissing, holding hands, hugging in public
-Only when men greet each other is there kissing on the cheeks
- When shaking hands, after each handshake, use your palm to touch your heart
- A man should never go up to a woman or even look at her until he has been introduced to her by someone else
- conservative clothing. Cover the shoulders, cleavage, and legs at all times
- Sitting cross- legged with your foot in the direction of somebody's face is considered rude - Hospitality is a key tradition in the Arab/Muslim world. Anyone is allowed to stay in your home for 3 days before you can question why they are staying and when they will leave One of the rights of passage is children being taught to read the Quran
- the Quran is known for being one of the most challenging texts to read due to its depth of meaning and the difficult range of sounds Dancing
Doha Arab: traditionally danced by men. They are connected by holding hands or arms and dance in a circle formation.
Khaliji Dance: includes head slides and circles, shoulder shimmies, hair tossing, some hand gestures and different footwork.
Saudi Men’s Dance: is performed at weddings. Men kneel in lines across from one another and sway from side to side. -Female participation in folk dancing is considered haram, or forbidden, in Islam. Also, at all celebratory events, a lamb is sacrificed. -Religion is very important to the Iraqi people. Prayer 5 times a day, gathering at mosque every friday for afternoon prayer. There is a grand fasting period, from food, drink, and activities such as smoking during daylight hours, on the ninth month of the Muslim calender (lunar cycle).