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Transcript of John Green
Hazel Grace Lancaster is the main character and narrator of the novel. She is a sixteen-year-old girl. Hazel is also living with cancer. While the doctors have been able to remove the cancer from Hazel's body, her lungs are damaged. Because of the lung damage, Hazel is not expected to live a full life, and she has to wheel around an oxygen tank.
Several times Hazel tries to go back to it but for various reasons can’t. Then finally Gus helps her realize that she needs to get it out of her backyard.
This book strongly showcases the battles with cancer. The three main characters in the book all struggle with cancer. Isaac struggles with his eye surgery, Hazel deals with her lung cancer that is showing no sign of improvement, and lastly Augustus struggles with his cancer returning. These friends don't let cancer stop them from living their lives ,they go out and make to best of their situation. As Isaac learns to over come being single and Hazel and Augustus struggle to meet their favourite author, they all stay by eachother's sides. Showing how strong these friends become as the story progresses.
The Use of Water Throughout the Entire Book
Metaphors and Symbols
The Swing Set
The Elevator and The Stairs
The stairs represented the healthier people; the elevator was for sicker people.
Augustus associates the unlit cigarette with taking control over his health, which often feels (and is!) out of his control. So he puts the killing thing in his mouth but denies it the power to kill him.
The Scrambled Eggs
Hazel is tired of being thought of as being essentially a Person with Cancer who, even when she's doing things like international trips, is just a Person with Cancer. She resents cancer being made an essential part of her identity.
Augustus Waters is a tall, handsome and charming boy in remission for Osteosarcoma. He has a missing leg due to his cancer, and met Hazel (protagonist) through "Support group." Augustus falls in love with Hazel, and would do just about anything for her, clearly demonstrated in the novel. He teaches Hazel many things about life, love, and tragedy. Augustus is also a main character and is an extremely important part to the plot of The Fault in Our Stars.
Isaac- August's best friend who has eye cancer and loses vision in both his eyes. He represents the blind man that tells the stories, for if Hazel's life isn't expected to last long someone needs to tell the story of Hazel and Augustus.
Peter Van Houten- resembles God. When you first meet him he is a selfish drunk, but by the end he changes his life
Indiana is the state where the novel takes place. It is the state where both Hazel and Augustus are born and raised. Additionally, because Indiana is such a popular state for basketball, it provides the foundation as to why Augustus plays basketball in high school—to please his father.
Amsterdam resembles Hazel as it is surrounded by water and could potentially drown at any second, just like Hazel and her condition. It had to be a place in which Hazel could romanticize as much as she does Van Houten and had to be dramatically different from Indiana.
The Struggles of Life With Cancer
Love Triumphs Through Hardship
Augustus and Hazel have an epic love story. They bring out the best in each other. Augusts shows Hazel that there is more to life than staying at home at letting the cancer consume you. Hazel brings the light back into Augustus's life. When Augustus had to stop playing basketball he felt that there was something missing, and thats when he met Hazel. It doesn't take long for these to friends to fall in love. Together they are unbeatable, and won't let anything bring them down. In the story Hazel and Augustus go through some hard times, in the story Hazel passed out from overexertion and was admitted into the hospital. Augustus had to battle with his Osteosarcoma returning. In each of these situations the two lovers were sitting by each others side every step of the way.
Coping with the death of a loved one
At the end of the book Hazel is forced to cope with the death of Augustus. She feels that she was robbed of the chance to have a soul mate to grow old with. Hazel forces herself to put on a strong face and be there to support Augustus's family, even though she is depressed and feels that she lost the love of her life.
The book also looks at the issue of trying to navigate one’s identity and place in the world. Hazel wants to to know who she really is other than just a girl with cancer. The book explains that they are always at risk of their cancer ‘becoming them’, metaphorically and literally.
Hanging Up the Phone
In the story Augustus always hangs up the phone first which foreshadows that he will be the first to go
Watching the movie
On the airplane Hazel and Augustus go to watch movies on the small players and both click the start button at the same time so they can watch it together. Augustus' however starts first meaning it finishes first, also foreshadowing that Augustus' life will finish first
Miles "Pudge" Halter's whole existence has been one big nonevent, and his obsession with famous last words has only made him crave the "Great Perhaps" even more. He heads off to the sometimes crazy, possibly unstable, and anything-but-boring world of Culver Creek Boarding School, and his life becomes the opposite of safe. Because down the hall is Alaska Young. The gorgeous, clever, funny, sexy, self-destructive, screwed-up, and utterly fascinating Alaska Young, who is an event unto herself. She pulls Pudge into her world, launches him into the Great Perhaps, an steaks his heart.
Nothing is ever the same.
Miles never really fit in with the rest of his hometown, he always felt as though his life was much unfulfilled. In the beginning of the book, Miles discusses a poem that has the words “Great Perhaps”. This becomes the overall theme for Miles’s role in the story. He is a gawky kid, somewhat nerdy, and unsocial. When he meets his new friends at Culver Creek, he becomes the kind of person he had wanted to be all along
Alaska Young is our other main character and is the beautiful, witty, rebellious girl whom Pudge immediately falls in love with. When Alaska was a child, her mother had a seizure due to a head aneurism. Alaska did not save her mother so she died. Alaska’s father blamed her for it and she regrets it to the present day in the story.
Chip “The Colonel” Martin
A stocky, somewhat nerdy young man, he has gone to Culver Creek for a very long time. When he is not at school, he lives with his mom in a very small trailer. He is Pudge’s roommate, and he gives Miles the nickname “Pudge”.
He is the jokester of the group, as well as a great rapper.
An exchange student, Lara later will become Pudge’s girlfriend, she is good friends with all the rest of the gang.
Symbolism and Metaphors
The Knock-Knock Joke
The Volcanic Candle
Alaska tells Pudge a lame knock-knock joke that makes Pudge become confused. This represents how Pudge, as much as he likes to think he knows Alaska well, never will
It represents Alaska’s volatility and unpredictability.
The Swan symbolizes Alaska in it's purity and in it capability to hurt Pudge
The suffering and escaping the Labyrinth, represents life.
"I smoke to die"
"I May Die Young"
Before and after
Straight and Fast
Augustus and Alaska
The love they brought into an other person's life
Both of them impacted someone's life greatly, showing them how to live. Augustus shows Hazel how to live by expecting that death is inevitable but that there are things to enjoy to. Alaska shows Pudge how to live rebelliously and that you'll just die anyways so why not live. And most of all the taught the other person it is okay to love.
Another thing that Alaska and Augustus have in common in their connection with cigarettes, although the meaning of the cigarettes is very different to each of them.
Coping with the Loss of a loved one
there is more to life than can be experienced
Throughout the story the 'gang' is trying to figure out who they really are and what their role in life is. The book focuses on fitting in or the fact that they don't fit in.
The book also focuses on coping with the death of a loved one. After Alaska dies, the 'gang' each copes with it differently, well some are angry and some are sad, and some might rather not think about it they all discover their own way of facing Alaska's death and trying not to blame themselves.
Through the novel Pudge and the others learn there is more to life than can be experienced through any one person or experience, and that we will never truly understand everything that happens to us or the ones we love. We just have to accept these things, whether they be good or bad, and hope for the best.
Quentin Jacobsen has spent a lifetime loving the magnificently adventurous Margo Roth Spiegelman from afar. So when she cracks open a window and climbs back into his life–dressed like a ninja and summoning him for an ingenious campaign of revenge–he follows. After their all-nighter ends and a new day breaks, Q arrives at school to discover that Margo, always an enigma, has now become a mystery. But Q soon learns that there are clues–and they’re for him. Urged down a disconnected path, the closer he gets, the less Q sees of the girl he thought he knew
A slightly neurotic high school senior who lives next to, and is madly in love with, Margo Roth Spiegelman, who he has known since they were children. He is very nervous and cautious, and is the protagonist of the book, and the first-person narrator.
Q's neighbour, who is seen differently by just about everyone she knows. She is adventurous, cunning and sneaky, and she is always causing mischief. Her character is complex and invigorating.
He is one of Q's best friends, who is nicknamed after a character on the Tv show M*A*S*H that he at one point resembled.
Q's other best friend. Is in the school band, and like Q and Radar, is fairly unpopular.
A friend of Margo's since kindergarten, although their friendship is precarious, and is targeted in Margo's revenge spree. She is also Ben's love interest
Agloe, New York is a fictional place in Delaware County, New York. This is where Margo is hiding.
This is where the main characters live, and also where John Green grew up. It is viewed on being a 'paper town'
Metaphors and Symbols
"So I'm in college. And I am taking this Hebrew class, except the professor doesn't speak Hebrew, and the tests aren't in Hebrew--they're in gibberish. But everyone is acting like this made-up language, with a made up alphabet is Hebrew. And so I have this test and, I have to write in this language I don't know using an alphabet I can't decipher" p.85
"Ahab's a madman railing against fate. You never see him do anything else in the whole novel do you? He has a singular obsession"
Represents how people see Margo differently, and how Q has mis-seen Margo as only being one dimensional. The metaphor or what does the grass represent is the equivalent of Q asking "Who is Margo?"
“maybe all the strings inside him broke” p.8
They represent heartache and Life.
They represent how we imagine things one way but it can be another because most of us imagine Santa as being white with a big beard
"YOU WILL GO TO THE PAPER TOWNS AND NEVER COME BACK"
PART 1, 2 & 3
The strings, the grass, and the vessel
Paper Towns is that understanding a person’s reason and concepts is more important than understanding a person for what you believe them to be. We think of people differently than what they truly are. Or, sometimes, we try to make them actually what we want them to be. We also identify ourselves differently then others may identify us.
People are not made of paper. They have dimensions, and though at first Q seems to see Margo as his wonderful, perfect, next door neighbor, but he soon learns that she's more than that.
“The town was paper, but the memories were not.” p. 227
Compare and Contrast
There are three themes that are common throughout all three of these novels and these are the themes involving identity, losing someone you love and the philosophy of life and death.
In these three novels there are lots of clear metaphors used, as well as some that over lap, two common metaphors although used in different ways are cigarettes and the labyrinth
In my opinion when it came to both primary and secondary characters in all three novels that they all are similar in some way.
I found there were similarities between Augustus, Alaska and Margo, as well as there is between Q, Pudge, and Hazel. Also while reading the novels it seemed to me that the main characters best friends all had the same voice to them
They are looked up too
Both Q and Pudge look up these girls like they are goddesses but the truth is both of them are just girls who are intellectual but unhappy
Both love to seek revenge
Both Alaska and Margo seek revenge on characters in the novels, Alaska with the blue hair dye, and Margo with her blue spray paint
Both Leave Clues
Although Margo's may be be more direct and put there on purpose, Alaska also left her own clues, that allowed Pudge to try and findout what happened
Augustus, Alaska, and Margo
Examples: The Cigarettes
Augustus' fear of Oblivion
Augustus shows Hazel how to live, and he is very confident
Alaska is known by everyone and teaches Pudge how to have fun by getting into trouble
Margo wants Q to try and live life to the fullest which is why she takes him on the all night adventure and then leaves clues for him. She is very popular as well
Madly in Love with someone They 'can't have'
Pudge is in love with Alaska, but she had a boyfriend. He is still in love with her after she dies, even though he can't have her.
Hazel is in love with Augustus, and both of them know that they won't have as long as everyone else. Hazel is in love with Augustus, through his sickness and after his death.
Q is in love with Margo, or his idea of Margo, and even when he finds out that she's not who he thought she was he still loves her, but she willingly chooses to leave
They all are introverts, very smart, and narrators of the story
In conclusion I think that John's Green novels are so popular among young adults because of:
The extremely relatable themes
interesting and easy to understand metaphors
the same average protagonist, with the 'larger then life' love interest, with lots of funny side characters
I think that each story individually is a strong story with good meaning. But after reading them back to back and comparing them I found that they seem a bit too much a like. My favourite story out of them was probably Looking For Alaska, as it was heart touching like The Fault In Our Stars but mysterious like Paper Towns.