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Negative Prefixes

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by

Hannie Torralba

on 2 July 2014

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Transcript of Negative Prefixes

Don't add or omit a letter when you attach a prefix.
Keep all the letters—every one of them.

• im- is used before words beginning with m or p: impersonal, immortal.
• il- is used before words beginning with l: illegal.
• ir- is used with words beginning with r: irregular.
• Dis- can be used with verbs, nouns, adjectives or adverbs. It also has other meanings besides making words negative.
• In-, non-, and un- are usually used for nouns, adjectives, or the adverbs formed from them They all mean not _____.

• Mis- (often from Old English, or in some words from French) is used with verbs (and adjectives and adverbs made from them), as well as nouns. It means bad, wrong, or wrongly.

Some Rules in adding Negative Prefixes:

PREPARED BY:
Hannie M. Torralba
Jessa Mae Thompson
Ranier Sarmiento

THANK YOU !
Negative Prefixes
Another way to give the opposite meaning to an adjective is to add a negative prefix. The most common prefix, as we know, is ‘un’ e.g. helpful – unhelpful.
non-, in-, dis- and un-
ir-, il-, im-

There are four other common negative prefixes for adjectives :
- ‘in’ e.g. active – inactive; ‘im’ e.g. possible – impossible; ‘il’ e.g. legal – illegal;
-‘ir’ e.g. regular – irregular.

SAMPLE
WORDS

un·or·ga·nized
Meaning: not arranged in an
orderly way
Example: These industries usually
employ
unorganized
workers.


in·ac·tive
Meaning: not doing things that require physical movement and energy
Example:
Inactive
people suffer higher rates of heart disease.


un·qual·i·fied
Meaning: not having the skills, knowledge, or experience needed to do a particular job or activity
Example: He is clearly
unqualified
for the job.


ir·rev·er·ent
Meaning:
having or showing a lack of respect for someone or something that is usually treated with respect
: treating someone or something in a way that is not serious or respectful
Example:He has a delightfully irreverent sense of humor.

in-de-ter-min-able
Meaning:incapable of being definitely fixed or ascertained
Example: The calamity had caused the loss of indeterminable number of people in the area.


in-cons-tant
Meaning:frequently changing; variable or regular.
Example: Their exact dimensions aren't easily measured since they are inconstant.
non·com·pli·ance
Meaning:Failure or refusal to comply.
Example:Progressive disciplinary action was taken in the case of continued noncompliance.
non·com·pli·ance
Meaning:Failure or refusal to comply.
Example:Progressive disciplinary action was taken in the case of continued noncompliance.
un-con-troll-able
Meaning:Impossible to control or govern.
Example:The uncontrollable disaster destroyed all the infrastructure in the area.
u-ti-lize
Meaning:
dis-u-ti-lize
Meaning:To deprive of utility; to render useless.
Example:The manager warn the workers to disutilize the use of their main machine because it might cause electrical faults.
u-nite
Meaning:
Example:
non-e-xis-tence
Meaning:absence of existence
Example:There's no amount of negative judgement that can be considered in the nonexistence of heaven.
un-sa-tis-fi-ed
Meaning: not satisfied or not fulfilled
Example: She felt unsatisfied even though she received a standing ovation from the audience.
il-log-i-cal
Meaning: not showing good judgment
: not thinking about things in a reasonable or sensible way
: not logical
Example:Being angry with no good reason is very illogical.
ir-res-pon-sive
Meaning:

Example:
im-prac-ti-cal
Meaning:not easy to do or use
: not suitable for the situation of a person : not sensible
: not able to deal with practical matters effectively
Example:Nowadays if you're impractical, you'll be left behind.
He is still unconscious causing him to be irresponsive.
He is still unconscious causing him to be
irresponsive.
dis-res-pect
Meaning:to say or do something that shows a lack of respect for (someone or something)
Example:Irresponsible use of natural resources shows disrespect to our mother nature.
mis-in-for-ma-tion
Meaning: false or inaccurate information, especially that which is deliberately intended to deceive.
Example:The student was late because of the misinformation about the time and place of the seminar.
dis-trust
Meaning: lack of trust or confidence : a feeling that someone or something is not honest and cannot be trusted
Example:Being secretive to your partner is a sign of distrust.
im-pro-per
Meaning:
Example:
non-pe-ri-sha-ble
Meaning: likely to stay fresh for a long time if not eaten or used
Example:Non-Perishable goods are alright to be left unrefrigerated for they won't spoil /rotten.
im-prop-er
Meaning: not correct
: not following rules of acceptable behavior : legally or morally wrong
: not suitable for the situation : not appropriate

Example:Improper attire inside the school premises is not allowed.
not responsive
:not able,ready or inclined to respond
Full transcript