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Transcript of Sociocultural Perspective
A third example is a child struggling to do a jigsaw puzzle by themselves then having their parents show them strategies for completing the puzzle, such as finding the corner pieces and all the outside pieces. The child now has more knowledge of how to do jigsaw puzzles and can apply that to future jigsaw puzzles.
Born in 1896, Western Russia
Began his work following the Russian Revolution in 1917
Best known as an educational psychologist and for his sociocultural theory
Died of tuberculosis in 1934
What is the sociocultural perspective?
The work of sociocultural theory is to explain how individual mental functions are related to cultural, institutional, and historical context.
The sociocultural perspective studies the influences of ethnicity, gender, culture, and socioeconomic status on behavior and mental processes.
He believed that parents, caregivers, peers, and their culture at large were responsible for the development of higher order functions.
He believed that every function in the child's cultural development appears twice: first on the social level (Interpsychological), later on the individual level (Intrapsychological).
The focus of the sociocultural perspective is on the roles that participation in social interactions and culturally organized activities play in influencing psychological development.
These create individual differences.
The sociocultural perspective helps people appreciate the cultural heritages and historical issues of various ethnic groups.
It involves a complex web of cultural expectations and social roles that affect people's self- concepts and aspirations as well as their behavior.
Addresses issues concerning similarities and differences between male and female.
Examples of Sociocultural Theory
An example of this theory is a child who was born to a poor family will grow up and grow old to be poor also.
Another example is that a student attending a football game will act a certain way due to being in a large and energetic crowd. Peer groups affect a person's behavior and how they act.
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By: Genesis Arellano, Lauren Ho, and Kim Bui
The Zone of Proximal Development
The distance between the actual development level as determined by independent problem solving and the level of potential development as determined through problem solving under adult guidance or in collaboration with more capable peers.
The More Knowledgeable Other
The MKO refers to anyone who has a better understanding or a higher ability level than the learner, with respect to a particular task, process, or concept. The MKO is normally thought of as being a teacher, coach, or older adult, but the MKO could also be peers, a younger person, or even computers.