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OLD ENGLISH (ANGLO-SAXON)
Transcript of OLD ENGLISH (ANGLO-SAXON)
Compound metaphor (usually two words)
Grendel Attacks Heorot;
WHAT İS BEOWULF?
Old english has not rhyme.
Alliteration which is repeated same voiceless vowel in the same line.
"Then as dawn brightened and the day broke"- line 126
"the storied leader, sat stricken and helpless"- line 130
Introduction of the Danes;
OLD ENGLISH (ANGLO-SAXON)
whole-road = sea
banhus = bone-house = body
goldwine = gold friend of men = generous prince
beagrabrytta = ring giver = lord
beadolema = flashing light = sword
battle lighting = sword
night helmet = darkness
war-sweat = blood
head-jewels = eyes
Oft Scyld Scefing sceaþena þreatum,
monegum mægþum, meodosetla ofteah,
egsode eorlas. Syððan ærest wearð
There was Shield Sheafson , scourge of many tribes,
A wrecker of mead-benches , rampaging among foes.
The terror of the hall-troops had come far.
(founder of the dynasty)
( He is not Beowulf ,we will meet later.)
( KİNG OF DANES)
The story begins from Shield Sheafson who is first king and constituent of Danes until king of Hrothgar's time. Firstly Shield Sheafson's death and funeral is told.Shield Sheafson's dead body is put in the ship with a lot of gold,jewelry and funeral is given up to deep water. (Shield Sheafson's funeral accustoms end of the story Beowulf's funeral.)
When we come Hrothgar's time;
Hrothgar is maden huge hall for using as throne room and feast. And he gives name of Heorot which means stag. Stag represents nobility.
Grendel is scary ,bad monster who was promenade in the night. He could not bear loud such that Danes were have fun,sing with loud in the Heorot. When midnight arrives, Grendel comes to Heorot and He slaughters Heorot. He kidnaps thirty brave his place.He leaves from Heorot with great pleasure. And he comes to Heorot next night and he slaughters public of Dane again .The Heorot is not full anymore and Grendel comes every nights when it gets dark.Twelve winters which are full of sorrow pass.
A Hero arrives;
Hygelac's nephew Beowulf hears news of Grendel from Geatland. And he decides to reply help request of Hrothgar. He goes to Denmark with his fourteen man for killing Grendel. Hrothgar is happy due to help of Beowulf because Hrothgar knows that Beowulf and Ecgtheow who is father of Beowulf's heroism and power. Also Beowulf's other heroism ,he fights with sea monster and he wins.Hrothgar believes and relies extremely to Beowulf. And king says that ıf beowulf wins Grendel war,Whatever Beowulf wants King gives.
Fight with Grendel;
This night Danes gives feast with Beowulf. Again Danes are happy,noisy and exciting like old days. When Hrothgar and Danes leaves from Heorot ,They declares beowulf as keeper of hall.Eventually Grendel comes Heorot and he fights with Beowulf. Beowulf pulls of Grendel's arm and Grendel goes to his place dragged so he dies. Beowulf wins this war. Hrothgar gives big celebration for Beowulf ,triumph. And Hrothgar gives valuable presents to Beowulf.
When everyone go back to sleep , Grendel's mother comes in the Heorot for revenge. She assaults to the Heorot and she takes Grendel's arm from Heorot. Beowulf decides kill Grendel's mother and They find Mother's place. Lake filled with creatures.Beowulf dives to the lake. He fights with mother and he wins again.Also he takes Grendel's head and he brings to Danes so that he proves his heroism ,power one more time. King Hrothgar organizes faest again for Beowulf. He praises Beowulf's heroism,power... He gives a lot of present and he offers his gratitude.
Beowulf becomes king of the Geats;
Beowulf takes leave with king of Hrothgar and Danes, He comes back Geatland. Beowulf tells his triumph, Danes ,Grendel, King Hrothgar... to Hygelac who is both king of Geats and Beowulf's uncle.Beowulf gains great appreciation. King Hygelac donates which are a sword from Geat treasure large plot , A palace and a throne. Ultimetly he(Beowulf) who is rank high , he should has a greater share.
Beowulf attacks the Dragon;
Fifty years later, A slave who escapes from his master's beating goes into Dragon's treasure secretly. And he takes valuable cup from Dragon's traesure so that Dragon wakes up and spreads terror to environment.When Beowulf hears this news, Does he ever stop? He starts to seek Dragon with eleven person and slave.Eventually They find but Beowulf , great hero decides to fight alone with Dragon. Already others escape from there. Only Wiglaf who is Beowulf's faithful kin does not escape , he helps to Beowulf. Eventually They defeat Dragon but Beowulf dies too. Before Beowulf died, he gives up his kingdom to Wiglaf.
Before Beowulf died, he wanted that his funeral was to be buried in dominate everywhere and enormous a tomb. Firstly Funeral was burned with golds like constituent of Danes Shield Sheafson. Later Beowulf's ashes was put in the enormous Tumb again with golds.
History of Beowulf;
Robert Cotton's library burned in 1731. Beowulf was partially damaged due to this fire. Now The manuscript is preserved and carefully cared for in the British Museum.
WHO İS BEOWULF?
Beowulf is the longest and considered epic poem in old english.
Beowulf is Anglo saxon poem but ıt tells about Scandinavia.
Beowulf may be the title, but is also the name of the main character.
Poetry's hero of Beowulf is the most sublime in Geat.
Beowulf is young,courageous and strong hero from a place called Geat
The protagonist of the epic.
The poem called Beowulf was compsed sometime between the middle of the seventh and the end of the tenth century of the first milennium , in the language that is today called Anglo saxon or Old english. It' s a heoric narrative more than three thousand lines long, concerning the deeds of a Scandinavian prince, also called Beowulf, and ıt stands as one of the foundation works of poetry in English.
The poem was written in England but the events it describes are set in Scandinavia.
One way of reading Beowulf is to think of it as three agons in the hero's life.
GRENDEL: Monster was died by Beowulf,a terrible man-eating
HROTHGAR: King of Danes
WİGLAF: Beowulf's faithful kin
DRAGON: Beowulf's 3rd agon
GRENDEL'S MOTHER: Beowulf's 2nd agon, She wants to revenge
A break in the flow of sound in a line of poetry
HWÆT, WE GAR-DEna in geardagum,
þeodcyninga þrym gefrunon,
hu ða æþelingas ellen fremedon!
oft Scyld Scefing sceaþena þreatum,
Generally. four feet/beats perline
FEET:The number and combinationof syllables that make up the smallest unit of the rhytm in a poem.
A negative expression; usually an understatement
"The warrior has a use for the sword now."
Theme and important Aspects:
Good vs. Evil
The importance sea and sailing
Loyalty and allegiance
Heroism and heoric deeds
Climax:Back home in Geatland, Beowulf must defend his people against a marauding dragon.
Exposition: Heorot is maden by Hrothgar and Grendel's attack.
Rising action:Beowulf comes and kills Grendel and his mother.
Falling Action : Beowulf's and Dragon fights and dies.