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Transcript of Kenneth Clark
Conducted the "Doll Experiment" Kenneth Bancroft Clark The End. Kenneth Bancroft Clark helped found Harlem Youth Opportunities Unlimited, served as a consultant to private and government bodies.
Was named the first black member of the New York State Board of Regents in 1966.
Founded Kenneth Clark & Associates (1986), a consulting firm for racially related issues.
Kenneth research showed that racism was not only having an effect on the self image and racial identification, but also on educational equality.
His contributions laid the ground work for future child and developmental research.
Kenneth died on May 1, 2005 In 1950 Kenneth, unmasked the psychological effects of racial segregation in schools. Kenneth's report was prominently cited in the 1954 Supreme Court ruling, Brown v. Board of Education, that outlawed segregation nationwide! In 1946, Kenneth and his wife Mamie founded the Northside Center for Child Development to work with the children and families that are in need of emotional support. The last question asked by the researchers was considered the worst since by that point, most of the black children had already identified the black doll as the bad one!!
Among the subjects, 44% said the white doll looked like them. In past tests however, many of the children refused to pick either doll or just started crying and ran away. Results of the Study The research found that black children often chose to play with the white dolls more than the black ones.
When the kids were asked to fill in a human figure with the color of their own skin, they frequently chose a lighter shade than their actual skin color.
The children also gave the color ‘white’ positive attributes like good and pretty. On the contrary, ‘black’ was attributed to being bad and ugly. Doll Experiment Background Conducted by Dr. Kenneth Clark and his wife Mamie Clark for her master’s degree thesis.
The study focused on stereotypes and children’s self-perception in relation to their race.
The results of Clark’s study were used to prove that school segregation was distorting the minds of young black kids, causing them to internalize stereotypes and racism, to the point of making them hate themselves. Clark was also the first African-American to become a fully tenured professor at the City College of New York. He aided Gunnar Myrdal with his monumental study of America's racial problems. Early Life Kenneth Bancroft Clark was born on July 24, 1914 in the Panama Canal Zone.
Emigrated to New York City with his mother (1919),
he studied at Howard University (1935) and Columbia University where he earned a PhD in psychology (1940).
He was the first black president of the American Psychological Association. Lived (July 14, 1914 – May 1, 2005) The Experiment
In the experiment, Clark showed black children with ages ranging from 6 to 9, two dolls, one white and the other black, and were asked the following questions:
Show me the doll that you like best or that you would like to play with.
Show me the doll that is the ‘nice’ doll.
Show me the doll that looks ‘bad.’
Give me the doll that looks like a white child.
Give me the doll that looks like a colored child.
Give me the doll that looks like a Negro child.
Give me the doll that looks like you. Worst Question 21 Century In 2005 Kiri Davis repeated the experiment in Harlem as part of her short but excellent film, “A Girl Like Me”. She asked 21 children and 71% told her that the white doll was the nice one!
In 2009 after Obama became president, “Good Morning America” on ABC did the test. They asked 19 black children from Norfolk, Virginia. They asked the last question first, making it far easier to answer: 88% said the black doll looked most like them.
ABC added a question too: “Which doll is pretty?” The boys said both, but 47% of the black girls said the white doll was the pretty one. BIBLIOGRAPHY