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Independent and Dependent Clauses

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Manushi Patadia

on 13 September 2012

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Transcript of Independent and Dependent Clauses

By Apoorva Garigipati
and Manushi Patadia Independent and Dependent Clauses An independent clause is a group of words that contain a subject, a verb, and which express a complete thought. In other words, an independent clause can stand alone as a sentence. Kate sung very well at the concert. For Example.. Jim studied in the sweet shop for his chemistry quiz. Mary went to the library last week. A dependent clause cannot stand alone as a complete sentence and can function as a noun, adjective or adverb Dependent Clauses Before the trial ended... Examples... Although she didn't go to the party... Since everyone had already left... Marker Words Some words can indicate whether or not a clause is independent or dependent. Here are some common dependent marker words: after
even if
in order to
though until
since Before the trial ended...

Although she didn't go to the party...

Since everyone had already left... Dependent Markers in Action Marker Words Independent Markers in Action Like dependent clauses, independent clauses also have marker words. A complete sentence will always follow an independent marker word. For example: also
however moreover
therefore Furthermore, Kate sung very well at her concert.

Consequently, Jim studied in the sweet shop for his chemistry quiz.

Also, Mary went to the library last week. Using Commas Jim studied in the sweet shop for his chemistry quiz, but the noise made it hard for him to concentrate.

Kate sung very well at the concert, but she seemed nervous. Comma Usage When connecting two independent clauses, it is important to understand how to use commas. Most independent clauses are connected using conjunction words such as and, but, or or. It is necessary to place a comma before the conjunction word separating the clauses. Here are two examples: Some Common Errors to Avoid A comma splice is the use of a comma between two independent clauses. This error can be fixed by changing the comma into a period or a semicolon, which makes the two clauses into two separate sentences. You can also use a dependent marker to make one of the clauses dependent. Comma Splices Examples:

Incorrect: I like playing basketball, it is very fun.

Correct: I like playing basketball. It is very fun
(or) I like playing basketball; it is very fun.
(or) I like playing basketball because it is very fun.
(or) Because it is very fun, I like playing basketball. Examples:

Incorrect: My sister is annoying I can't tolerate her.

Correct: My sister is annoying. I can't tolerate her.
(or) My sister is annoying, and I can't tolerate her.
(or) My sister is annoying; I can't tolerate her Fused Sentences Fused sentences occur when there are two independent clauses that are not separated with punctuation, which is also known as a run-on sentence. The error can be fixed by adding a colon, semicolon, or a period to separate sentences. Sentence Fragments Sentence fragments occur when a dependent clause or an incomplete thought is viewed as a complete sentence. To fix this error, you can remove the dependent marker from the fragment or combine it with another sentence to make it a complete thought. Examples:

Incorrect: Because I forgot the concert was tonight

Correct: Because I forgot the concert was tonight, I didn't practice.
(or): I forgot the concert was tonight. Source owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/598/01/ Independent Clauses
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