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The Spread of Islam Timeline
Transcript of The Spread of Islam Timeline
persecution for his religious beliefs, soon
arriving in Medina. Lol, go that way. *Not An Actual Quote 628 AD The Conquest of Mecca Muhammad molded a large army to attack the Quresh, ordered
them to travel through all four mountain passages, and take over
the Quresh. The final straw that broke the camel's back,
was when Abu Sufyan, accepted Islam in his
life. They had won over their enemy. June 8th, 632 AD The Death of Muhammad Resulted in a 10 year truce called the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah. Muhammad died in Medina, at the age of 63, in his wife's
house. It is believed that his final words were, "Rather, God on
High and paradise." It's also believed he might have been poisoned. 632-634 AD The reign of the “Rightly Guided” Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (632-634 AD)
Umar Ibn Al-Khattab (634-644 AD)
Uthman bin Affan (644-656 AD)
Ali bin Abu Talib (656-661AD) Name Their Reign (These were the new "administrators" after Muhammad left) Staring Contest The Sunni and Shia Split When Muhammad died ,they were wondering who would take over leadership of the Muslim nation. The Sunni wanted the new leader to be elected, and that’s how it went. Abu Bakr then became first caliph. Sunni means, “one who follows the traditions of the prophet.” * 661 AD Before, in 644 AD, after Umar’s death, there was an intense war within Islam between caliphs and the relatives of muhammad. Finally the Umayyad leader, Mu’awiyah, was declared caliph. 688-691 AD Dome of the Rock The Dome of the Rock was built on holy grounds. Specifically the site where Abraham sacrificed Isaac, in Mecca. It's also a shrine for pilgrims of Islam today. Oct. 10, 732 AD The Battle of Tours Often referred to as the battle of Poitiers, this battle was fought between forces under the frankish leader Charles Martel, and the invading islamic army led by Emir Abdul Rahman. The battle raged on for an unknown amount of time, until the French captured and killed Abdul Rahman. The Muslim army retreated peacefully overnight. 750 AD End of the Umayyads / Beginning of the Abbasids The Abbasid calphites claimed they were the rightful heirs of the prophet, not the umayyads. They attacked the Umayyads secularism, moral character, and administration. The Umayyads obviously received the short end of the stick. 1126 - 1198 AD Ibn Rushd Philosopher and Doctor Ibn wrote of grammar, astronomy, medicine and philosophy.
Though, most of his publications are produced in Arabic, many are in
circulation today. More often than not Ibn would write to create a continuation to Aristotle's work.