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PREGNANCY AND CHILDBIRTH

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maritza montufar

on 2 June 2010

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Transcript of PREGNANCY AND CHILDBIRTH

PREGNANCY AND CHILDBIRTH PREGNANCY Babies born before
37 weeks are premature. Babies born after
43 weeks are post
mature. ECTOPIC PREGNANCY? ...when an egg is not
implanted in the
uterus. Ectopic pregnancies result from
an eggs inability to go
down the fallopian tube.
RESULT:
The egg does not
develop into a live
birth baby. WHAT HELPS TO
INDUCE LABOR? These things help
induce labor
without medication. Labor is induced if your
water brakes or baby
hasnt arrivedand it is 2 weeks after your due date. MISCARRIAGE? ....a spontaneous
abortion or accidental
termination of a pregnancy A miscarriage occurs when
an embryo or fetus is
incapable of surviving. 15 to 20 percent known
pregnancies end in miscarriage
before the 2O weeks.
Infections
Smoking
Substance Abuse
Uterus and Cervix abnormalities
Early losses often
occur without a
detectable embryo. PRENATAL TESTING
...it helps you learn about
health problems, diseases,
or disabilities that can occur. ...provides information
about characteristic
developments of the baby. ...through blood tests,
prenatal testing detects
anemia, HIV, or
gestational diabetes. C-SECTION & VAGINAL
BIRTH Women who have had
c-sections have more
infections after birth. Infections are usually
in the uterus, bladder, or
incision. Babies born via c-section
are more likely to have mild
respiratory problems. Vaginal births are
the safest way to
birth a baby. Once the cervix is
fully dilated you can
begin to push. Vaginal delivery may take
a few minutes to
several hours. DEPRESSION DURING
PREGNANCY 1 in every 10 pregnant
women experience some
depression.

Women experience fear,
sadness, and anxiety. Depression is due to
unplanned pregnancies and
hostile or unsupportive
partners. Depression affects the ability
to care for yourself and the baby. They also feel loss of pleasure, sadness,
hopelessness, fatigue. MATERNITY CARE
& DELIVERY Midwifery focuses on
the health & wellness
of both mother and baby. Midwifery seeks to protect,
support, and avoid interfering
with the timing of labor. Medical models focus on
preventing, diagnosing, and
treating complications. Medical models can protect
women from poor medical care
and increase safe outcomes. FETAL MONITORING Its done for about 2 minutes through and
after a contraction. Its done externally to
detect the fetal rate and
the contractions. A healthy baby's heart rate
will range between 110 &
160 beats per minute. POSTPARTUM MOOD
DISORDER It can start anytime
in the first year after
giving birth. Postpartum depression
is the most common
mood disorder. It is not short lived
and often includes more
severe symptoms. Women feel irritable,
moody, sleepy, and
overwhelmed. Acupuncture Walking Nipple
stimulation Stripping the
membrane BIRTH DEFECTS When a child suffers moderate to severe mental retardation and a
variety of health problems. DOWN SYNDROME EDWARD SYNDROME When a child suffers mental
retardation, breathing
and feeding dificulties,
and delayed growth. PATAU SYNDROME When a child suffers from
neurological problems, and
mental deficiencies. Babies born with Patau
and Edwards Syndrome
often die after birth. HOW TO PREVENT
BIRTH DEFECTS Eliminate alcohol, cigarettes, and
recreational drugs Take Folic Acid supplements Don't take any medication
without consulting your doctor. Have regular medical and
dental check-ups Stay away from any fumes
that contain chemicals MOST
COMMON CAUSES OF
MISCARRIAGE: What is an What is a How common are
miscarriages? Types of Why is prenatal
testing important? COMMON Symptoms of Depression
Full transcript