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The Second Hut by Doris Lessing Table of Content Doris Lessing History 1650 1850 1853
suffrage for the mans

1867
diamonds are found in
Orange Free State

1877
Britain annexes the Transvaal 1800 1886 discovering of gold in Transvaal
(today Johannesburg)

1888
Cecil Rhodes founds
the Colony Southern Rhodesia 1880 1893-1894
first Matabele War

1896-1897
second Matabele War

1899-1902
Anglo-Boer War 1890 1910 South Africa

1914 World War I 1910 Point of view Literary means Interpretation
Animosity between the Dutch (Van Heerden), the British (Major Carruthers) and the Natives

Major: ‘’he was young, thirty perhaps, sturdily built, with enormous strength in the thick arms and shoulders.’’(p.84, ll. 2-3).

‘’his knowledge of them was hearsay, from Englishmen who had the old prejudice’’ (p.84, ll.11-12)
Major wants always to act
like a British gentleman

Feel of responsibility

Not very successful with such a behavior

End, he gives up his dream of a farmer
Bad living conditions in the colonies

’’he could see nothing but that black foetid hut and the pathetic futureless children’’ (p.88, ll-17-18) www.villinocecilia.com/book%20on%20line/lessing%20doris/Doris%20Lessing%20-%20The%20Second%20Hut.PDF

www.fwscaughtbetweencultures.wikispaces.com/

www.loaditup.de/files/686194_z5anenueb6.doc

www.wiki.zum.de/The_Second_Hut

www.huepertexte.de/cms/Joomla/images/hut.pdf

www.dorislessing.org/thesecond.html
Thank you for your attention! Was born in 1919 in Persia

Her family moved in 1925 to Zimbabwe and worked there as farmers

Moved in 1949 to England

Received in 2007 the Nobel Prize for Literature “It was not that he disliked him for it, although his father had been killed in the Boer War, but he had never had anything to do with the Afrikaans people before, and his knowledge of them was hearsay, from Englishmen who had the old prejudice” (p.84, l.10)


„But he liked the look of the man: he liked the honest and straightforward face.” (p.84, l.12) Analyse of the Structure Detailed description of the characters many adjectives and comparisons are useful to understand the moral dilemma of Major, e.g. “He felt moorless, helpless, afraid: his swat ran could on him” (p.88, l. 19)

Brief sentences and good sentence structure
Weather reflects the nature-emotions of Major:
’’it was a glittering blue day"(p.92, l.12),
‘’he felt superior and able to face anything’’(p.92, ll.16-17) The Second Hut Carruthers Van Heerden Natives Conflict 1652
first settlement of the
Dutch East Indian Company
at the Cape of the Good Hope 1806
the British annexe the Cape of the Good Hope

1808
prohibition of slave trade

1833
emancipation of the slaves

1836
founding of the republics Orange Free State and Transvaal Ehtnic conflicts Failure Living conditions Impression
on the reader Ethnic conflicts Van Heerden:
’’he immediately recognized his traditional enemy,
and his inherited dislike was strong’’ (p.84, ll.14-15)

Major-Nativesgood relationship

Van Heerden - Natives are mutual hated a presentation by

Jamal Guerazem, Halil Avci, Merve Marasli We hope you liked it 1.Biography
2.Setting
3.Summary
4.Characters
5.Historical background
6.Analysis of the central conflict
(plot, point of view, literary means)
7.Interpretation Major Carruthers, a relied army officer
moves with his family to Africa to start a farm. become a gentleman farmer Miss Carruthers is sick.
The only wish her husband can offer her, is to ask
his brother for help. Mister Carruthers will not grant her request,
because his aim in Africa is still not reached. Carruthers employs the Afrikaner Van Heerden.
Van Heerden lives with his wife and his nine children in an old hut. The major takes a decision, to build a second hut for Van Heerden and his family. The natives complain that Van Heerden treats them very harshly. Afterwards Carruthers takes advantage of the natives respect to build nevertheless the second hut. This last decision fails and the second hut burns down.
Van Heerdens youngest child dies.
Then, Carruthers recognizes that he can not survive in Africa and asks his brother in England for a job. Major Carruthers retired army officer, wants to become a gentleman farmer

feels torn, because his family does not believe in his inclinations

"tall, fly-away" (p.89, l. 40)
‘‘useless with beasts" (p.86, l. 13)

treats his workers fairly


knows that he should dismiss Van Heerden, as he insults the natives

moral duty

his failure: "each slow difficult word was a nail in
the coffin of his pride as a man" (p.105, ll. 53–54). Van Heerden Van Heerden is sturdily built, with thick arms and has a sure understanding of animals

has nine children and a wife, who are very poor

insults the natives

is unhappy that he works for an Englishmen

immoral Mrs. Carruthers she represents hopelessness

the hardship has worn her down

can not understand her husbands stiff pride

"Understanding that for her it was merely a question of waiting for his defeat" (p.93, ll. 49-50) Mrs. Van Heerden accepts her fate
"less a human being than the expression of an elemental,
irrepressible force" (p.95, ll. 48–49)

described from Carruthers point of view, this woman is repulsive The Children the properties of the two families extend down to the children

the Carruthers boys are described as
transparent looking in their thin nervous fairness and as
two strained and anxious ghosts

Van Heerden’s children are more like animals with vitality:
a "litter" or a "puppy" are literary used Setting Africa, South Rhodesia
Time: ca. 1930
Characters: Mr and Mrs Carruhters, Van Heerden and his family, the Natives Carruthers - Van Heerden Carruthers - Natives Van Heerden - Natives relationship boss - worker

complete opposites

"Van Heerden did what Major Carruthers would have died rather than do: he tore the web across with his bare hands, crushed the spider between his fingers, and brushed them lightly against the walls to free them from the clinging silky strands and the sticky mush of insect-body" (p.85, ll. 46–50).

gentlemanly instinct - survival instinct "his simple human relationship with his workers was his greatest
asset […], and he knew it", (p.91, ll. 59–61)
fair treatment

when Van Heerden insults the black workers, Carruthers knows he should dismiss him, but his morals forbid this

the natives respect Mister Carruthers relationship: mutual hated

Van Heerden insults and tortures the natives

Natives complain this to Mr. Carruthers, but nothing happens

the second hut burns down

Van Heerden seems to accept this revenge as if it was something he had almost expected South Rhodesia
1979 Sources
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