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Oxford's typology of LLS (Direct Strategies)

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Nurjannah Mohd Kassin

on 14 October 2012

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Transcript of Oxford's typology of LLS (Direct Strategies)

DIRECT STRATEGIES * LLS that directly involve the target language
* Require mental processing of the language
There 3 group :
# memory strategies
# cognitive strategies
# compensation strategies Memory Strategies Cognitive Strategies Compensation Strategies Guessing Intelligently Overcoming Limitations in
Speaking & Writing Receiving & Sending Messages Creating Structure for Input & Output Analyzing & Reasoning Practicing Creating Mental
Linkage Employing
Action Reviewing
Well Reviewing at different intervals
At first close together,
then
increasingly
far apart Grouping involves
classifying
or reclassifying
what is heard
or read into
meaningful group Associating /
Elaborating
new language information
with familiar
concepts already
in memory Placing New Words
into a Context
involves placing
new words/ expressions
that have been heard/read
into meaningful context,
such as spoken/written sentence,
as a way of
remembering it Using
Imagery Representing
Sounds
In
Memory Using
Keyword Applying
Images & Sound Using
Physical
Response
or
Sensation Using
Mechanical Techniques
to remember what has been heard/read
E.g. : flashcard constructing
a meaningful
sentence / longer expression
by putting
together know element
in new ways Recombining Repeatedly listening to
native speaker of the language
on a tape/record

Repeated the words
to oneself mentally Repeating Formally Practicing
with
Sounds & Writing
System greatly enhance the learner's
comprehension
&
production Recognizing
&
Using Formulas
&
Patterns using the language for actual communication Practicing
Naturalistically used for listening
and
reading Getting the
idea quickly using resources to
find out the meaning of
what is heard/read and
to produce message
in the new language Using Resources
for
Receiving
&
Sending Messages analyzing elements ( sounds,words,syntax )
of new language to determine
likeness & differences
in comparison
with one's
own native language Analyzing
Contrasitively Reasoning
Deductively allows leaner to use
their own language as the basis
for understanding what
they hear/read in the new language
word-for-word
translation
should be avoided Translating Directly applying previous
knowledge to
facilitate knowledge
of the
target language Transferring break down a new word, phrase,sentence,
into component
part Analyzing
Expression Summarizing Highlighting Taking
Notes Using
Linguistic
Clues Using other Clues
beside knowledge
of
the language Switching
to the
Mother Tongue Getting
Help Using
Mime
&
Gesture Avoiding
Communication
Partially
or
Totally Selecting
the
Topic Adjusting
or
Approximating
the
Message Coining
Words Using
a Circumlocution
or
Synonym
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