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Behavior - Joseph Wolpe

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Alfiana Erriandsyah

on 19 March 2015

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Transcript of Behavior - Joseph Wolpe

Behavior - Joseph Wolpe
Who is ?
Born in 1915 in Johannesburg, South Africa.
Best known for developing theories and experiments about:
Systematic

Desensitization
and
Assertiveness

Training
.
"South African-born American psychiatrist who made significant contributions to behavior therapy."
Behaviorist
1915-1997
Wolpe concluded that a lot of our behavior, whether it be good or bad, is learned. There is no explanation why it could not be unlearned.
Form of "
Counter Conditioning
."

Goal
of
desensitization
: Helps overcome phobias and other anxiety disorders.
What is ?
1)
RELAXATION
- Physically relaxing yourself, or being in a relaxed state of mind.

2)
DEVELOP ANXIETY

HIERARCHY
- What triggers your fear/phobia? Find out! Write down what you're afraid of, whether it's from experience, or even if it's never happened to you..Yet..
It's important to have detailed and vivid images on your list!
Rank the items on your list from 1-100; 100 being the highest level of anxiety.

3)
PIECING IT TOGETHER
- Pair relaxation with your anxiety hierarchy. Start from your lowest level of anxiety.
Think about the situation. (While in a relaxed state.)
How do you feel?
3 Steps to
Desensitization
Used cats
Gave mild electric shocks accompanied by certain sounds and visual stimuli
This created the feeling of "fear" when cats would hear the sound
Feeling of fear was "unlearned" by exposing the cats to same sound/visual image, replacing electric shock with food.
Experiments with
Desensitization
What is ?
Aids people to "stand their ground."

Goal
of
Assertiveness

Training
: Relax and deal with stressful situations effectively and conquer fears.
In some conditions
Wolpe tried to remove woman's fear of insects.
Usual methods DID NOT work.


Negative association from another source her husband (who she was having issues with.)
Woman's husband was nicknamed for an insect

Work out marital problems
Why???
Key:
...
Joseph Wolpe
Desensitization
Assertiveness Training
Experiments with
Assertiveness Training
Get a group of people.
Role play to get people to get used to upsetting situations.
Exercises to get people to support and encourage each other.
Teaches every member of the group that they can rely on each other.
End result?
Attended college in South Africa.
Obtained M.D.
When World War 2 started, Wolpe joined South African Army as medical officer.
Continued research from there.
Joseph Wolpe's
Life
Took 2 contrasting ideas and combined them together.
Many psychologists believed approaches in applied science lacked humanistic touch.
Wolpe proved compassionate therapy could be joined with these methods to be used to the best of their abilities.
Contributions to Psychology
Top 3 Things:
1) Being
clear
about what
YOU

want
.

2) "
I
" language.

3)
Rehearse
- Opening and closing responses.
Full transcript