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Sensational Phases

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by

Germaine Chin

on 28 August 2014

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Transcript of Sensational Phases

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The New Moon is the start of the 'Lunar Phases' It happens when the moon is between the earth and the sun
The New moon is not visible to us, because the Moon rises when the sun rises, it crosses the sky with the sun during the day and sets when the sun sets.
The only time we can see the New moon is during a Solar Eclipse;
when the Moon passes in front of the Sun, letting the night portion of the moon visible to us.
Once in every month, the moon comes all the way in its orbit, passing more or less between the Earth and the sun.
If the moon ALWAYS passes between the Earth and the Sun during a New Moon, there would be a Solar Eclipse taking place every month. But, that doesn't happen. In most months, the Moon either passed above or below the sun.
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A few days after the New moon, a slim crescent appears that slowly grows into a Waxing Crescent.
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The First Quarter is the 3rd phase in the cycle.
It rises at noon, hangs above our heads at sunset, and sets around midnight.
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In the word 'Waxing Crescent', 'Waxing' means growing.
They call this moon phase a 'Waxing Crescent' because it seems like it is growing, when it really isn't.
The sun's light reflecting on the moon is still the same, but what makes it seems like it is growing is because we are seeing it from different angles.
Some people don't understand why is it called a First Quarter instead of a Half Moon.
They call it the 'First Quarter' because the Moon has completed its first quarter of it's orbit.
This only happens when the Moon is in a 90 degree angle with the Earth and the Sun.
The Waxing gibbous is the 4th phase in the 'Lunar Phases'
It happens when the moon is in a 90-135 (top side) degree angle with the Earth and the Sun.
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A few days after the First Quarter, the moon's disk is slightly full-lit, creating a Waxing Gibbous.
On this phase, the moon rises after noon, is directly above us after sunset, and sets after midnight.
People wonder how is there a Full Moon when the earth is in the middle, clearly, it seems like the Earth is preventing the Sun's natural light from reaching the moon.
Let's say the Earth, Moon and sun are on a see-saw. The Earth is the fulcrum, and the Moon and Sun are either ends of the see-saw.
So as the Sun sets in the West, the Full Moon rises.
It is the same as the New Moon, but this time, the Earth is between the Moon and the Sun.
People say that on a Full Moon, creatures of the unknown comes out, like magic creatures, Monsters, Vampires, etc.
But the Full Moon does effect something in humans too, it is to believe that it awakens something in the human body.
On a Full Moon is when
most of the robberies
occur, pickpockets, shootings. Its like the Full Moon is encouraging people to commit a crime during it's appearance
The Waning Gibbous is similiar as the Waxing Gibbous, only that it is slowly disappearing, that's why it is called a 'Waning Gibbous'
It rises a few hours after sunset, and glows red when it's near the horizon. Sometimes it is mistaken as a Full Moon.
The Waning Gibbous phase happens when the moon is in a
135 degree angle (down side) with the Sun and Earth.
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This is the 7th phase of the 'Lunar Phases' cycle, it is also in a 90 degree angle with the Sun and Earth, but this time it is upside down.
The moon is now 3 quarters of the way in its orbit around the Earth.
As the Moon orbits the Earth, it changes phases in an orderly way.
The Last/3rd Quarter rises at midnight, right above at sunrise, and sets at noon.
It is like a reflected side of the First Quarter.
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The last phase in the whole 'Lunar Phases' cycle is the Waning Crescent.
It is also sometimes called an old moon, and can be seen in the east before dawn.
We see less and less of the moon's lit side, and the crescent in the east before dawn is getting thinner each day.
And soon enough, it'll be a New Moon all over again.
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Tides are caused by the moon.
Like a magnet, the moon uses it's gravity to pull the ocean towards it, creating all the different tides everyday.
Low tides occur twice a day, in most places.
During a low tide, the water is more further back into the sea, and you'd able to see more sand on the surface than usual.
The water is really shallow on shore, and sometimes you would see really shallow puddles here and there on the beach.
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High Tides also occur twice a day in most places.
High Tides are more rougher
than the Low tides, and you have a more higher chance in drowning in a High Tide.
A High Tide usually comes in
on the shore, decreasing the amount of sand that is untouched by water.
And when the High Tide sinks further back in, they leave behind rock pools that had been previously washed up to shore.
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Neap Tides are like Low Tides, but a little higher, and they usually appear during half Moons.
The Sun and Moon both contain gravity in them, so when the moon is in a First or Last/3rd Quarter phase, the Moon and Sun both pulled the Earth's oceans towards them.
So the problem is, the Sun is pulling towards it on another side, while the Moon is pulling the water towards it on the other side.
In which makes the higher tides lower than average, and the Low tides higher than average. These tides are called 'Neap Tides'
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Spring Tides comes a few days after the New or Full Moon.
When the High Tides are higher than usual, and
the Low Tides are lower than usual, it is called a 'Spring Tide'
sun are in line together, the gravitational pull of the Moon and Sun are combined, which makes the High Tides higher, and the Low Tides lower.
This happens because when the Moon and
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