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Christianity & Science
Transcript of Christianity & Science
A Brief History
Why is this important?
All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, that the man of God may be competent, equipped for every good work.
2 Tim 3:16-17
In the beginning...
God commanded Adam & Eve to have dominion over the earth & subdue it
Big split began in 17th century & heightened in more recent centuries
Theologian Thomas Aquinas stated, there is a distinction between the two, but not a separation
Scientific enterprise is under the authority of God & restrained by His laws
Vocation of scientist was seen as a calling from God
For example, the ancient Greeks believed in many gods operating a chaotic universe
Christians believe God has order & that order can be studied
This is the basis of modern science
Science began w/ a mandate God gave in creation
In the 17th century, the church (& many scientists) tried to suppress Galileo’s discoveries
Particularly that earth was not center of the universe
The church lost credibility
18th century, Immanual Kant proposed our normal methods of knowing man never take us beyond the limits of this world
Kant said that God is only known mystically & the world is only known scientifically
he called this “mixed truths”
Nature will not teach us everything there is to know about God, but…
a correct study of nature will certainly teach us that there is a God
There is a unity of truth
All truth meets at the Top
There is divine revelation & general revelation
What is known from nature can supplement what is known from the Bible
Christianity & Science
Scientific and religious ideas always have philosophical, cultural and historical contexts
"Two Books" Model
A tool for resolving apparent conflicts between science & theology
If it is plain to see, then why is there still opposition?
secular humanism - human reason & ethics are the basis of morality and decision-making
If our foundation of truth is true, all other truth can only support & enhance it
One’s worldview serves as a foundation for doing science
Our worldview is largely shaped by what we know
So how do we know what we know?
Revelation – general, divine
Experience – personal and physical senses
History – others, uncontrolled experiment
Science – repeatable, controlled experiments
Philosophy – logic, reasoning, deduction, induction
(rejects religious dogma and supernaturalism)
Theism/Creationism - life, the Earth, and universe are the creation of God
Scientism - science is the most authoritative governing principle
Note, scientism and science are different!
I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and her offspring (Gen 3:15)
As it is written: None is righteous, no, not one; no one understands; no one seeks for God. (Romans 3:10-11)
“The works that I do in my Father's name bear witness about me, but you do not believe because you are not among my sheep.” (John 10:25-26)
For the mind that is set on the flesh is hostile to God, for it does not submit to God’s law; indeed, it cannot. (Rom 8:7)
Christianity is not a separate realm from science, but provides a fundamental foundation for how and why we do science.
Christians should be the most passionate scientists of all b/c we should be rigorously open to truth wherever it is found
For by him all things were created, in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible…all things were created through him and for him. And he is before all things, and in him all things hold together. (Colossians 1:16-17)
For what can be known about God is plain to them, because God has shown it to them. For his invisible attributes, namely, his eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly perceived, ever since the creation of the world, in the things that have been made. So they are without excuse. (Romans 1:19-20)
Nature and Scripture are both from God and must agree (all truth is God’s truth)
don’t ignore some of God’s revelation...
keep pursuing both science and theology until the underlying unity of Nature and Scripture becomes clear
always in agreement
science & philosophy
theology, philosophy, hermeneutics
Beliefs shape your worldview
Science is a systematic study of nature that enables us to exercise proper dominion
It is a tool for studying and managing God's world and uses best-fit models to explain data.
By grace God allows us to uncover scientific knowledge, to reveal His glory to all
Also, by applying the tools of science we can become instruments of redemption
For the weapons of our warfare are not of the flesh but have divine power to destroy strongholds. We destroy arguments and every lofty opinion raised against the knowledge of God, and take every thought captive to obey Christ...
2 Corinthians 10:4-5
To test a worldview:
Test it externally to see if it matches the real world
Test it internally for logical consistency
Naturalism/Materialism - views matter as the eternal, self-existent source of everything else
-this propelled the shift in science from theism to materialism