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Industrial Revolution 1: Intro/Agricultural

Into and the Agricultural Revolution part
by

Rick Bates

on 26 March 2014

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Transcript of Industrial Revolution 1: Intro/Agricultural

Unit 14
The Industrial Revolution

The Introduction part.

What the Industrial Revolution was:
It was a
CHANGE
What changed?
Industry changed.
What is Industry?
Industry is......
making things!

So, what changed in the Industrial Revolution was.......
......

how things were made.
But, that is not all that changed.
In the Industrial Revolution....everything changed.
And by "everything"......
.....
we mean
EVERYTHING!
Before the Industrial Revolution,
80%
of the people lived out in the country, working on small farms and sometimes living in small villages.
Though poor, it was a healthy life, with families living and working together in the fields.
Everyone got plenty of exercise - and plenty of sunshine.
But then,
because of the Industrial Revolution,
everything changed.
Over the next 100 years -
80%
of the people
suddenly
moved into cities.
Where the air, land, and water
were extremely polluted
.
Where kids had to work
long hours........away from
their parents.
Because their parents worked
in other factories.
But, before you learn about the Industrial
Revolution - you have to learn an important fact:
The Industrial Revolution could not have taken place......
......if there hadn't first been an

AGRICULTURAL
Revolution.
But.......
....there couldn't have been an
Agricultural Revolution......
......if there hadn't been an Industrial Revolution.
So, let's go find out why the
Industrial Revolution was helped by the Agricultural Revolution and why the Agricultural Revolution was helped by the Industrial Revolution.
So, what is this "Agricultural" revolution anyway?
Well, because it's another "revolution".......
.....it's another
change
.
The word "agriculture" means....
....food production.
So, the Agricultural Revolution...
...was a change...
...in the way food was produced!
In the late 1700's,
farming experienced a
series of significant
changes.
One of the changes actually started earlier,
and it was called....
..."crop rotation".
In the Middle Ages, farmland was shared by everyone. Everyone's animals grazed together
in a common pasture. Their crop fields were shared, and things were pretty loosely worked.
But in the 1700's, landowners began "enclosing" their fields.
This forced many small farmers off their land.
But it allowed more efficient use of the land, especially
with the use of the new machines that were being made then.
The large landowners could now
produce more food in each field.
Farmers found out...
...that if they rotated their crops in their fields....
...the land stayed more fertile....
....and more food was produced.
Another change that came about, was called ....
"field enclosure"
Another change that took place concerned the farm animals.
Cows were bred to produce more meat...
...or milk.
Same with pigs, chickens, etc.
Through the use of the new science of breeding...
...more food was produced per animal.
But...
...the biggest change of all...
was the invention of many new machines to work in the fields.
The "seed drill" could make furrows - and plant seeds - evenly spaced out nice and neatly in rows.
The mechanical reaper could cut - and then place neatly in rows - grains like wheat or oats.
Eventually, steam tractors would pull these machines.
All of these changes to agriculture produced
2 HUGE
results in society.
1. More food was produced.
2. Using less workers.
Let's talk about #2 first:
Because of machines, many workers lost their jobs.
Only a few of these workers would
be needed to run the machines.
Most would lose their jobs.
They would eventually leave the rural areas...
...and move to the cities...
...where they would find jobs in factories...
...making things like farm machines !
And because....
...the population EXPLODED !
And......
...with all the extra food produced now.....
...all of those new factory workers in the new cities...
...could now be fed...
...by purchasing groceries in these new places called....
...grocery stores !
So...
....new changes in agriculture...
...produced more food...
...using less workers...
...for a more populated society...
...now living in cities....
....and working in factories...
...preparing to run....
.....a new....
Industrial Revolution.
Full transcript