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HIV

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by

Meghan Calderwood

on 28 March 2014

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Transcript of HIV

Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Presented by: Aleisha Brown, Carla Paul, Coreen Esau and Meghan Calderwood
What is HIV?
References
Life Cycle of HIV in Host Cell
Family: Retroviridae
Genus: Lentivirus
Species: Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Phases of HIV
Two ways to be diagnosed with AIDS
Pandemic!
Current Treatment
New Developments!?
Nursing Concerns
Medical Relevance
Weakened Immune System
Opportunistic Infections
Increased Health Care Costs
Detection
Exposure
Precautions
HIV Viron
Opportunistic Infections
Invasive Cervical Cancer
Tuberculosis
Pneumonia
Salmonella septicemia
Herpes simplex
and MANY more!

CURE!
?
Antiretroviral Therapy (ART)
Allow those with HIV/Aids to live longer and healthier lives
Unfortunately 80% of new strains are due to the use of ART
Categories of ART
1. Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs)
2. Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs).
3. Protease inhibitors (PIs).
4. Entry or fusion inhibitors.
5. Integrase inhibitor

Often 3 different therapies are chosen from 2 categories in order to attempt to reduce the number of new, single drug resistant, strains
INTERNATIONAL AIDS SOCIETY
VACCINES
BERLIN PROTOCOL
Conclusion
OR
Opportunistic
Infections
CD4 count >200mm3
1. Rapid Tests
2. Stigma
3. Low levels of viral particles
4. Varying symptoms
5. HIV hides in the host cell
http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/HIVAIDS/Understanding/howHIVCausesAIDS/Pages/howhiv.aspx
http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/HIVAIDS/Understanding/howHIVCausesAIDS/Pages/howhiv.aspx
http://www.gizmag.com/fda-approves-truvada-hiv-prevention/23422/
http://www.rkm.com.au/VIRUS/HIV/HIV-virus-life-cycle.html
http://foreignpolicyblogs.com
http://www.dreamstime.com/stock-photo-hiv-virus-image1854550
Remember:
Patient Dignity
Full transcript