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Sexually Transmitted Infections and HIV/AIDS
Transcript of Sexually Transmitted Infections and HIV/AIDS
Infections What you need to
know!!! What are they? Pubic Lice aka CRABS Parasitic STI They are very small, wingless insects They attach themselves to pubic hair with their claws They feed off the tiny blood vessels just beneath the skin Mild to unbearable itching, which increases during the evening hours Symptoms Visual detection, you can see the pubic lice and their eggs Treatment kwell ointment, comes in a cream or shampoo Bed sheets and all articles of clothing should be either dry cleaned, boiled or machine washed in very hot water Pubic Lice are common and regularly seen by health clinics What are they? Scabies They are an ectoparasitic infection of the skin with the mite Saroptes scabiei It spreads during skin-to-skin contact Rash Symptoms Intense itching Treatment Topical creams Bed sheets, clothing, and towels must be washed in hot water What is it? Gonorrhea aka the "clap" Over 65 million people in the United States are living with an STI STI!!!! Say What??? 19 million STIs occur each year, half of those to individuals 15-25 years of age There are more then 25 infections that spread mainly through sexual activity HIGHLY CONTAGIOUS!!! Bacterial STI Survives only in the mucous membranes of the body: cervix, urethra, mouth, throat, rectum, and the eyes Gonorrhea is the second most commonly reported infectious disease in the United States 700,000 new cases reported every year Symptoms Men- Burning when urinating or defecating Unusual white, green, or yellow discharge from the penis Painful or swollen testicles Frequent urination Women- Burning when urinating Painful bowel movement More than usual vaginal discharge that is yellow or bloody Abdominal pain, lower back pain, pain during sex or a fever Most Men and Women will have NO symptoms, therefore they may not even know they are infected!!!! Treatment Antibiotics orally or via injection WARNING!!! Oral sex How you catch it... Vaginal penetration Anal penetration Mothers can transmit gonorrhea to her baby during delivery Drug-resistant strains are becoming more prevalent, making gonorrhea harder to cure What is it? Chlamydia Bacterial STI Most commonly reported infection in the U.S. Estimated 2.8 million new cases each year Vaginal intercourse How you catch it... Oral sex Anal sex "Silent Disease" Symptoms 75% of women and 50% of men are asymptomatic Bleeding after sexual relations or between menstrual periods Lower abdominal pain and burning during urination Discharge from the vagina Pain, burning during urination Inflammation or infection of a duct in the testicles, tenderness or pain in the testicles Discharge from the penis Treatment Antibiotics LIKE GONORRHEA, CHLAMYDIA HAS
BECOME HIGHLY RESISTANT!!! Herpes Two Types of Herpes Herpes Simplex Virus-1 Herpes Simplex Virus-2 HSV-1 HSV-2 HSV-1 is usually transmitted through nonsexual contact How do you get Herpes... HSV-2 is "almost" always transmitted sexually HSV is highly contagious HSV-1 prefers the mouth HSV-2 prefers the genitals Both can affect nonpreferred areas of the body too An infected person who touches an HSV sore and then rubs another part of their body, can infect themselves in that new location!!! A person can also transmit HSV to their partner's genitals in the same manner. Symptoms Tingling or burning feeling in the affected area Itching and a red swollen appearance of the genitals Small blisters may appear externally on the vagina and penis Blisters are red with a grayish center, that will eventually burst and ooze a yellowish discharge Treatment Human Papillomavirus 100 known types of HPV "Low-risk" HPV types 6 and 11 (genital warts) 13 "High-risk" HPV types 16 and 18 (increase cancer risk) How do you get HPV... Contact with infected genital skin, mucous membranes and bodily fluids Vaginal intercourse Anal intercourse Oral sex Some men and women who are infected with HPV are asymptomatic Symptoms Genital warts Foul-smelling discharge Itching and burning pain Treatment Chemical topical solutions (genital warts) Cryotherapy (genital warts) Electrosurgical (genital warts) Gardasil vaccine (genital warts and cervical cancer) Gardasil is only effective against HPV types 6, 11, 16 and 18 CELIBACY!!! Final Thoughts...