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The Factory System: Causes and Effects

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Sinai Martinez

on 2 April 2015

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Transcript of The Factory System: Causes and Effects

The Factory System
Living Conditions
Children in factories
New Machines, New Conditions
Children were mainly needed in factories for their small hands since they could easily fit their hand into small spaces and fix or control machines better.
Working Conditions

Working conditions in factories were deplorable. The factories were usually very dark with the only light source being the sun light that came in through the few windows. Many machines were only being operated by few workers and machines were dusty and dirty.

The Factory System: Causes and Effects
The factory system started in the 18th century and replaced small industries with large scale establishments that made the production of a large mass of product easier.
As the factory system rose, workers' homes were separated from their workplaces. Many workers were placed in a single house(tenement) so they could be easily supervised and controlled.
Factory owners often hired women and children since they were payed less. Since they had no voice in this industry, workers could not complain because factory owners did not care about them. No strength or special skill was needed to operate the machines in these factories was needed so workers could be easily replaced.
Many of the workers in these factories were unskilled and sometimes the fatigue of working 12-16 hours distracted them causing them to get injured by the machines. Dirty conditions on factories also led to lung diseases like tuberculosis or asthma
As new and faster machines were developed, bosses started increasing the demand of products needed to be made which meant more work for laborers
This often led to severe injuries to children who often lost a finger or even their whole arm. In worst cases children would die stuck and torn apart by machines
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