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APAH: Ancient Greece

AP Art History

Kristin Palomares

on 17 October 2015

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Transcript of APAH: Ancient Greece

Art of Ancient Greece
Seated Boxer: 100 BCE
Winged Victory of Samothrace: 190 BCE
Grave Stele of Hegeso:
410 BCE
Peplos Kore, Acropolis: 530 BCE
Anavysos Kouros: 530 BCE
Parthenon & Acropolis: 447-410 BCE
AP Art History
Great Altar of Zeus & Athena at Pergamon: 175 BCE
A Home For The Gods
barbie current event
psychology article?
5 min
greek orders poster?

Intro to Greek Architecture
most recognizable "Greek" structure
early versions, 10th century BCE:
honor divinities and made from wood & mud bricks
simple, rectangualr room with projecting walls that create a shallow porch
8th century BCE
shift to permanent materials; stone
5-6 century BCE
city-states used it to compete
Doric order during Archaic period became established
Change in construction techniques
Greek re-used sacred spaces
categorized in terms of their ground plan & column arrangement
columns only at the front
columns at front & back
single line of columns arranged around exterior
double row of columns surround building
a temple with a circular ground plan
Three Phases of Greek Art
Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic

what greek god are you?
9 min
Historical Context
7 min
Socratic Seminar
When the Olympics Gave Out Medals for Art
Sports in Art History
Hellenistic Period
started with death of Alexander the Great
lasted 3 centuries
ended with double suicide of Queen Cleopatra of Egypt & Mark Antony of Rome
Empire Split Into Pieces
Antioch in Syria
Alexandria in Egypt
Pergamon in Asia Minor
United Empire
city-states gave way to cosmopolitan
common culture
Greek language
kings profited from Eastern trade
Alexander the Great's Mesopotamian Conquests
Out With The Old
In With The "New"
career spotlight: city planner
grandiose due to diversity/complexity of new culture
shifted locations from Greece's mainland to the East
versatile & secular structures became popular (stoas)
desire to impose order on nature led to the dominance of city-planning (Hippodamian Plan)
envelope enigma
Archaic Period
Niobides Krater: 460-450 BCE
Geometric/Orientalizing Period
dove commercial?
pick someone across the class
make eye contact
draw them
explored the eroticism of the nude female
expanded range of subjects but didn't abandon traditional themes
treated old subjects in novel ways
realism over idealism
Venus De Milo
Old Market Woman
upper part of a two-tiered fountain
lower part contained large boulders
illusion of rushing waves hitting the ship
reflection created a sense of lightness and movement
alighted on the prow of a Greek warship
(on some form of transportation)
(portion of a ship's bow above water)
amplified theatrical effect
raises missing right arm to crown the naval victor
references Nike placing a wreath on Athena’s head
wings beat
wind sweeps her drapery
himation (type of Greek clothing wrap) bunches in thick folds around right leg
chiton (long woolen tunic) is pulled tightly across her abdomen and left leg
Masterpiece of Era
rejection of ideal proportions & self-contained entity on bare pedestal
Taboo Review
Winged Victory of Samothrace
head experiential
GACH! = Greek Bingo
column readers in book
3 column notes HW
EQ: How has our idea of a perfect society evolved?
Typifies new Greek fascination with the Orient
Development of new ceramic technique
Return of human figure
Sign of Pride
Greeks unique in celebrating individual artists as creative geniuses
Doesn’t happen again until the Renaissance
"Brand Names"
Large export market
From: Corinth & Athens
Sent: Etrustcan tombs, France, Russia, Sudan
At peak of period, potters & painters signed their work
Remove impurities found in clay
Knead to remove air bubbles & make flexible
Produce in Parts
apprentice turned horizontal wheel as potter pulled the clay
apprentice created separate handles that were attached by applying slip (liquefied clay) to the joints
Painted by Specialist
slip of finely sifted used to create image
often incorrectly referred to as pigment/glaze
Past: potter more elevated
Present: painter more elevated
3 Phase Firing Process
oxidizing: turned pot and slip red
reducing: oxygen cut off; pot turned black
reoxidizing: coarser material re-adsorbed oxygen and become red again

significant because painted decoration became fused with clay
pot could break but colors would never fade
Greek Vase Painting Process
Greek Vase Painting Process
4 min
Niobid Krater
6 min
The Science of Love & Beauty
Describe your ideal date/partner/lover.
Beauty By The #s
EQ: What is beauty? How have our ideals regarding beauty changed throughout the centuries?
Pergamon, Turkey
Kingdom of Attalos II was created after Alexander the Great's death
After the death of its last king, it was bequeathed to Rome
Enjoyed immense wealth; spent money on capital city modeled after Athens & selected goddess Athena as their patroness
Famous Hellenistic monument
West front reconstructed in Berlin
400 foot long
100 larger than life size
tumultuous narrative has emotional intensity unseen before
sensory image challenge
Battle of Zeus & The Gods vs The Giants
most extensive representation Greek artists ever attempted
common subject
draw parallel between the defeat of the giants & the defeat of the Persians
establish a connection with Athens
shield of Phidias’s Athena Parthenos
east metopes of the Parthenon
Legendary defeat of Persians
Athena looks like the Athena from the Parthenon’s east pediment
Gaia (earth goddess and mother of giants) emerges from the ground and looks on with horror as Athena grabs the hair of the giant Alkyoneos; Nike flies in to crown her.

Khan Academy
9 min
Historical Context
after AP testing?
Kahoot! Challenge
Annotated Map
Teams of 3-4
Gardner's, pg. 130-139
Khan Academy
Outline and correct placement of man structures of the Athenian Acropolis
Annotations of at least five(5) of the following:
Portrait of Pericles
Periclean Acropolis
Parthenon: Architecture
Athena Parthenos
Parthenon: Metopes
Parthenon: Pediments
Parthenon: Ionic Frieze
Temple of Athena Nike
Gardner's, p. 141
Picture Perfect
Polykleitos & the cannon of proportions (statues)
Iktinos mathematical formulas & harmonious numbers (temples)
Early & High Classical Art
Real World
humanized subjects
introduction of ornate Corinthian capital
Alexander the Great's patronage
Late Classical Art
appearance of first life-size stone statues
smiles added to appear lifelike
construction of first stone temples with peripteral colonnades
popularization of Doric & Ionic orders
Perfected black-figure & red-figure painting that encouraged experimentation with foreshortening
Gardner's, p. 139
Athenian Agora & Democracy
5 min
The Great Altar
Hellenistic Baroque
highly emotional & dramatic
tangled compositions
emphasis on light & dark
exaggerated anatomy
contrasted Classical stoicism
Ionic Order
thin & small
stand on base that separate shaft from platform
volutes =
scroll-shaped ornaments on capital
‘In one and the same place you will find all kinds of things for sale
together at Athens: figs-Policemen!
Grapes, turnips, pears, apples-Witnesses !
Roses, medlars, porridge, honey-comb, peas-Lawsuits !
Milk, curds, myrtle-berries-Allotment-machines !
Bulbs, lamps-Water clocks, laws, indictments!’

Euboulos (tr. Edmonds)
What was the Agora's function?
of Athens
Ah-go-RAH = open place of assembly
Full transcript