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The Government of the U.K.

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Michael Stresing

on 24 October 2013

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Transcript of The Government of the U.K.

The Government
of the U.K.

History

Modern Structure

Influence & Criticisms

1642 - 1649
1648-1660
1660+
1066-1348
English Civil War
The Interregnum
Return of the Monarch
The Middle Ages
Protestantism & English Reformation
The Battle of Hastings
William the Conqueror
Feudalism
1066
Signing of the Magna Carta
King John
End of absolute power for monarchs
1215
The Political Geography
U.K. Govenment Structure
Monarch
Constitutional Head of State; The Sovereign
Symbolic in duties, no longer political authority
Legislative Branch
The parliament of the U.K.
Located in Westminster
Made up of:
House of Lords
House of Commons
Responsible for:
Policy making
Budget Creation
Debate major issues
Executive Branch
Deals with the national & international affairs
Supervises the departments of government
Made up of:
The Sovereign
The Prime Minister
The Cabinet
The Civil Service
Judiciary Branch
Legal branch of government
Court systems
House of Commons
"Lower House"
659 Members of Parliament (MPs)
No set term, elections are called by the Prime Minister, usually 4 years
Chief Officer elected by MPs to be the Speaker
The Prime Minister
Leader of the majority party in Parliament
Selects the cabinet
Responsible directly for national affairs
David Cameron (May 2010-Present)
The Cabinet
21-23 ministers; each with a focus
Appointed by the PM
"Front Benches" of the House of Commons
Bubonic Plague in England
Carried by the rats
20%-40% of entire population died in 1 year
1348
1517-1558
Martin Luther a german priest
1517 - Wrote 95 Theses, opposing practices of the Catholic Church
Sparked Protestant Reformation
By 1521 protestantism began to circulate in England
Martin Luther
1534 - King Henry VIII created the Act of Supremacy
Separated England from Rome
Founded Anglican Church
Anglican Church
Voting
Election Process
First-Past-The-Post
Locally held voting
Single candidate per riding
659 constituencies
Political Parties
Traditionally a two-party system
Conservatives (Torys)
Liberals (Whigs)
However, multi-party system
Conservatives (306)
Liberal Democrats (57)
Labour Party (257)
Other (28)
Civil Service
Employees of The Crown, not city or parliament
No political affiliation
Brief Timeline of Political History
Overview of Government
Constitutional Monarchy
Parliamentary Democracy
Universal Suffrage
No Constitution
Relies on common law, statute law, and conventions
House of Lords
"Upper House"
Passes, amends, or rejects bills presented by the House of Commons
Can introduce bills
Most members are appointed, not set number - currently 763
Reforms on hereditary positions, 92
Formerly highest court
Works Cited
Blair, Annice. Law in Action: Understanding Canadian Law. Don Mills, ON: Pearson, 2009. Print.

"The Evolution of Parliament." UK Parliament. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2013.

"Explore Our Records." The National Archives. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2013.

"Tell Us What You Think of GOV.UK." History of the UK Government. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2013.

Wood, Ethel. AP Comparative Government and Politics. Reading, Penn.: Woodyard Publications, 2009. Print.
Cavaliers
Aristocrats
Landowners
Church members
North and West England (rural)
Royalists
Round heads
Merchants
Townsmen
Puritans
South and East England (urban)
Parliamentarians
1645
King Charles I defeated
Handed to Parliament
The Battle of Naseby
"Old Ironsides"
Leader of Parliamentarians (Calvary)
Strong Puritan
Wished to end all Monarchism in England
Oliver Cromwell
Criticisms
Unproportional Voting
Under-representation of minority parties
Number of non-elected positions
Adversarial politics is encouraged in two party system
Influence
Widespread colonizations
Democratization

Execution of Charles I
January 30, 1649
No court to try a Monarch
Created new court
Rump Parliament declared treason, all responsibility for Civil War
Two shirts
Regicide
1648
Colonel Pride
Purged the Parliament of all moderates
Created "Rump Parliament"
Only coup d'etat in English History
Pride's Purge
May 19, 1649 - 1653
Republic
Abolished the Monarchy, the House of Lords, and Church of England
Oliver Cromwell became executive
No checks and balances
The Commonwealth
1653-1659
Dissolvement of Rump Parliament, creation of Barebone's Parliament
Oliver Cromwell becomes Lord Protector
Offered Monarchy, turns down
1654 - Scotland unites with England
The Protectorate
September 3rd, 1658 Oliver Cromwell dies
Son Richard inherits power
"Tumbledown Dick"
Resigned due to lack of character and internal problems in the republic
Richard Cromwell
On May 29th 1660, Charles returned to London from exile
Declared Monarch, since 1649
Charles II
Established October 1st, 2009
Highest appellate court
12 justices, appointed by Monarch at recommendation of PM

Supreme Court
Daughter of Henry VIII
Queen 1553-1558
Return to Catholicism
Heresy Acts
Mary I
1689
Sets out the Rights of Individual
Bill v. Constitution
The Bill of Rights
1679
Right to a fair trial in a reasonable amount of time
Habeas Corpus
Full transcript