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Kristine Anne Mann

on 6 February 2013

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Transcript of Infection

Finally Let us keep ourselves updated with information on Infection control so we can do our share in preventing the spread of diseases more effectively. Infection and Infection Control Chain of INFECTION INFECTION CONTROL In the community Communicable Diseases An infectious disease transmissible (as from person to person) by direct contact with an affected individual or the individual's discharges or by indirect means (vector). Nosocomial Infection Infection that first appears between 48 hours and four days after a patient is admitted to a hospital or other health-care facility. Infection and Infection Control Infection prevention and control methods aim to ensure the protection of those who might be vulnerable to acquiring an infection both in the community and while receiving care due to health problems, in a range of settings. The basic principle of infection prevention and control is hygiene. (WHO) Meningococcal MENINGITIS Malaria Stages of Infection The program aims to:

1. Prevent the occurrence of food and waterborne outbreaks through strategic placement of water purification solutions and tablets at the regional level so that the area coordinators could respond in time if the situation warrants;

2. Procure Intravenous Fluid solutions, venosets and IV cannula for adult and pediatric patients in diarrheal outbreaks and to be stockpiles at the 17 Centers for Health Development (CHD) and the Central Office for emergency response to complement the stocks of HEMS;

3. Place first line and second line antimicrobial and anti-parasitic medicines such as albendazole and praziquantel at selected CHDs for outbreak mitigation as well as emergency stocks at the DOH warehouse located at the Quirino Memorial Medical Center (QMMC) compound;

4. Increase public awareness in preventable food-borne illnesses such as capillaria, which is centered on unsafe cultural practices like eating raw aquatic products;

5. Increase coordination between the National Epidemiology Center (NEC) and Regional epidemiology surveillance Unit (RESU) to adequately respond to outbreaks and provide technical support;

6. Procure Typhidot-M diagnostic kits for the early detection and treatment of typhoid patients;

7. Procure Typhoid vaccine and oral cholera vaccine to reduce the number of cases seen after severe flooding;

8. Provide training to local government unit (LGU) laboratory and allied medical personnel on the Accurate laboratory diagnosis of common parasites and proper culture techniques in the isolation of bacterial food pathogens; and

9. Provide guidance to field medical personnel with regard to the correct treatment protocols vis-à-vis various parasitic, bacterial, and viral pathogens involved in food and waterborne diseases. Food and Waterborne Disease Prevention and Control Expanded Program on Immunization Goal: To reduce the morbidity and mortality among children against the most common vaccine-preventable diseases. Specific Goals:

1. To immunize all infants/children against the most common vaccine-preventable diseases.
2. To sustain the polio-free status of the Philippines.
3. To eliminate measles infection.
4. To eliminate maternal and neonatal tetanus
5. To control diphtheria, pertussis, hepatitis b and German measles.
6. To prevent extra pulmonary tuberculosis among children. Republic Act No. 10152“Mandatory Infants and Children Health Immunization Act of 2011Signed by President Benigno Aquino III in July 26, 2010. The mandatory includes basic immunization for children under 5 including other types that will be determined by the Secretary of Health. Agent Neisseria Meningitidis Reservoir Saliva and secretions from the mouth,
nose, throat of infected person Portal of Exit Mouth and Nose of an Infected Person Mode of
Transmission Direct Contact with mouth or nose or
Droplet Contact with the Patient of less than
1 meter who is actively coughing or sneezing Portal of Entry Mouth/throat, nose, inhalation of bacteria
to the lungs or transfer of
organism from contaminated hands/gloves
to face/mouth Susceptible Host It can affect Anyone although approximately
10% of the population have the bacteria in their
mouth / throat and do not become ill.
Most common in children, particularly under 1 year
of age
Full transcript